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Cry & Phobia

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Cry & Phobia

  1. 1. dr shabeel pn
  2. 2. EMOTION <ul><li>IT IS A STATE OF MENTAL EXCITEMENT CHARACTERISED BY PHYSIOLOGICAL, BEHAVIOURAL CHANGES & ALTERATIONS OF FEELINGS. </li></ul>
  3. 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF EMOTIONS IN A CHILD <ul><li>DISTRESS OR CRY </li></ul><ul><li>ANGER </li></ul><ul><li>FEAR </li></ul><ul><li>ANXIETY </li></ul><ul><li>PHOBIA </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>CRY </li></ul>
  5. 5. DISTRESS OR CRY <ul><li>AT BIRTH: PRIMARY EMOTION PRESENT AT BIRTH WITH VIGOROUS BODY EXPRESSIONS USUALLY DUE TO HUNGER, COLIC OR ANY OTHER INTERNAL CAUSE. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>AT SIX MONTHS: </li></ul><ul><li>I T IS GREATLY REPLACED BY A MILDER EXPRESSION OF FUSSING OR VOCALIZATION . </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>DURING PRESCHOOL: </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS SEEN LESS, ONLY FOR REASONS OF PHYSICAL PAIN AS HE IS THWARTED B Y HIS ENVIRONMENT . </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>DURING SCHOOL YEARS: </li></ul><ul><li>PRESSURE HELPS HIM TO OUTGROW THE CRYING HABIT WHICH DECREASES RAPIDLY.AFTER THIS TILL FIFTEEN YEARS CRYING OCCURS VERY SELDOM. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>YOUNG ADULT: </li></ul><ul><li>ULTIMATELY IT BECOMES A LIMITED QUIET CRYING IN PRIVATE ONLY FOR REASONS OF GRIEF OR OTHER INTENSE EMOTIONS. </li></ul>
  10. 10. DIFFERENT TYPES OF CRY <ul><li>OBSTINATE CRY: </li></ul><ul><li>SHOWS TEMPER TANTRUM TO THWART DENTAL TREATMENT. </li></ul><ul><li>LOUD, HIGH PITCHED. </li></ul><ul><li>SIREN LIKE WAIL. </li></ul><ul><li>FORM A BELLIGERENT CRY, REPRESENTS CHILDS EXTERNAL RESPONSE TO ANXIETY. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>FRIGHTENED CRY: </li></ul><ul><li>ACCOMPANIED BY TORRENT OF TEARS. </li></ul><ul><li>CONVULSIVE BREATH-CATCHING SOBS. </li></ul><ul><li>THEY ARE OVER-WHELMED BY THE SITUATION. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>HURT CRY: </li></ul><ul><li>LOUD, MORE FREQUENTLY. </li></ul><ul><li>FREQUENTLY ACCOMPANIED BY A WHIMPER. </li></ul><ul><li>INITIALLY CHILD SHOWS A SINGLE TEAR FROM THE CORNER OF EYE & RUNNING DOWN THE CHILDS CHEEK WITHOUT MAKING ANY SOUND OR RESISTANCE TO TREATMENT PROCEDURE. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>COMPENSATORY CRY: </li></ul><ul><li>NOT A CRY AT ALL. </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS ASOUND THAT CHILD MAKES TO DROWN OUT THE NOISE FOR EXAMPLE A DRILL. </li></ul><ul><li>CRY IS SLOW, MONOTONE. </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS A SORT OF COPING MECHANISM TO UNPLEASANT AUDITORY STIMULI, FINDING HIMSELF UNCOMFORTABLE IN THE SITUATION. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>PHOBIA </li></ul>
  15. 15. DEFINITION <ul><li>A PERSISTENT, EXCESSIVE, UNREASONABLE FEAR OF A SPECIFIC OBJECT, ACTIVITY OR SITUATION THAT RESULTS IN A COMPELLING DESIRE TO AVOID THE DREADED OBJECT. </li></ul>
  16. 16. CHARACTERISTICS <ul><li>BEING OUT OF PROPORTION TO THE STIMULUS OR SITUATION </li></ul><ul><li>CANNOT BE REASONED WITH </li></ul><ul><li>BEING OUT VOLUNTARY CONTROL </li></ul><ul><li>PERSISTENT & UNADAPTABLE </li></ul>
  17. 17. TYPES:(BY SHELHAN) <ul><li>EXOGENOUS (NON-ENDOGENOU S): </li></ul><ul><li>THIS IS A PSYCOLOGICALLY AFFECTED GROUP WHO INVOLVE A SITUATION RELATED ANTICIPATORY ANXIETY SYMPTOMSSUCH AS : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MOIST PALMS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FLUTTERY STOMACH </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FINE HAND TREMORS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SHAKY INSIDE </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RAPID HEART BEAT </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>THESE ARE SYMPTOMS WHEN NORMAL INDIVIDUALS ARE STRESSED OR THREATENED.MAIN CAUSE IS IN EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT.HERE THE INDIVIDUAL CAN READILY IDENTIFY THE ETIOLOGICAL AGENT. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>ENDOGENOUS </li></ul><ul><li>THIS ANXIETY IS PRESENT WITHOUT ANY PROPER WARNING OR PRESENCE OF ANY DETECTABLE STESS SITUATION.CAUSE IS TO BE PRODUCED FROM WITHIN.IT SHOWS SYMPTOMS LIKE: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LIGHT HEADEDNESS OR DIZZINESS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DIFFICULTY IN BREATHING </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PARAESTHESIA </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HYPERVENTILATION </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CHEST PAIN </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LOSS IN CONTROL </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. OTHER CAUSES <ul><li>SIMPLE PHOBIA </li></ul><ul><li>AN ISOLATED FEAR OF A SINGLE OBJECT OR SITUATION LEADING TO AVOIDANCE OF THE OBJECT OF THE SITUATION. </li></ul><ul><li>IRRATIONAL & EXCESSIVE </li></ul><ul><li>NOT ALWAYS DISABLING. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>SOME OF THE PHOBIAS ARE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ACROPHOBIA - HEIGHT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AGORAPHABIA - OPEN SPACE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ARCHNOPHOBIA - SPIDER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ANTHROPOPHOBIA - PEOPLE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AQUAPHOBIA - WATER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASTRAPHOBIA - LIGHTENING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CLAUSTROPHOBIA - CLOSED SPACE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CYNOPHOBIA - DOG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ZOOPHOBIA - ANIMALS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NYCLOPHOBIA - DARKNESS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PYROPHOBIA - FIRE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>XENOPHOBIA - STRANGER </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>SITUATIONAL PHOBIA </li></ul><ul><li>IS POPULARLY KNOWN AS AFEAR OF OPEN SPACE, BUT HAS WIDER IMPLICATIONS.USUALLY REFERS TO A CLUSTER OF COMPLAINTS.IN ADDITION TO OPEN OR CROWDED PLACES THEY ALSO FEAR PUBLIC TRANSPORT , BRIDGES , TUNNELS, BEING ALONE AT HOME OR BEING AWAY FROM HOME. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>CHARACTERISTICS: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DIZZINESS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LOSS OF BLADDER OR BOWEL CONTROL </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CARDIAC DISTRESS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 25. PHOBIA IN CHILDHOOD <ul><li>MOST COMMON - FEAR OF ANIMALS. </li></ul><ul><li>USUALLY SEEN AT THE AGE OF TWO TO FOUR YEARS & IS GONE BEFORE THE AGE OF TEN YEARS. </li></ul><ul><li>ANOTHER COMMON PHOBIA IS OF DARKNESSS, A FEAR EXPERIENCED BETWEEN FOUR TO SIX YEARS OF AGE.THIS IS MOSTLY DUE TO IMAGINATION OF CHILD AS TO VARIOUS CREATURES LURKING OUT IN THE DARK. </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>SCHOOL PHOBIA : AN EXAGGERATED FEAR OF ATTENDING SCHOOL & OCCURS AROUND AGE OF ELEVEN TO TWELVE YEARS.A FEAR OF VARIOUS ACTIVITIES CONNECTED TO SCHOOL SUCH AS NEW FACES & CHALLENGES, FEAR OF LEAVING HOME. </li></ul><ul><li>IN TWELVE YEAR CHILD, PREVIOUS AVERSIVE DENTAL EXPERIENCES ARE NORE RELATED TO DENTAL PHOBIA. </li></ul><ul><li>AT ADOLESCENT PERIOD MOST CHILDREN OUTGROW THEIR FEAR. </li></ul><ul><li>TWO PHOBIAS COMMONLY SEEN:FEAR OF BLUSHING, FEAR OF BEING LOOKED AT. </li></ul>

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