Antibiotic Resistanace

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Antibiotic Resistanace

  1. 1. NOSOCOMIAL ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT ORGANISMS MRSA : Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus VRE : Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus dr shabeel pn www.hi-dentfinishingschool.blogspot.com
  2. 2. MRSA <ul><li>Resistant to most antibiotics </li></ul><ul><li>Found in health care facilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hospitals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>long term care facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other care facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not a threat to healthy people </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Why should YOU be concerned about MRSA? <ul><li>Difficult to contain </li></ul><ul><li>Easily spread </li></ul><ul><li>Hard to treat </li></ul>
  4. 4. Risk factors for MRSA infection <ul><li>Surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Devices used in invasive procedures </li></ul><ul><li>ICU or burn ward </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment with multiple antibiotics </li></ul><ul><li>Severe illness or disability </li></ul><ul><li>Prolonged or repeated hospital stays </li></ul><ul><li>Compromised immune system </li></ul>
  5. 5. How is MRSA spread? <ul><li>Direct contact between health-care workers and clients. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonized vs. infected persons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health-care workers are the MAIN carriers. </li></ul><ul><li>NOT usually spread through the air </li></ul>
  6. 6. How do I detect an infection of MRSA? <ul><li>Symptoms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>drainage from a wound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fever and chills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>increased White Blood Count </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Common sites of infection <ul><li>Respiratory tract </li></ul><ul><li>Surgical wounds </li></ul><ul><li>Perineum or rectum </li></ul><ul><li>Skin </li></ul>
  8. 8. How to stop the spread of MRSA <ul><li>Proper hand-washing : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before caring for each client </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After removing gloves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before leaving the client’s room </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. VRE <ul><li>Hard to treat </li></ul><ul><li>Some forms of VRE pass on their drug-resistant genes! </li></ul>
  10. 10. Risk factors for VRE infection <ul><li>Severe illness </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment with multiple antibiotics </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal or cardiac surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Devices used in invasive procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>ICU </li></ul><ul><li>Prolonged or repeated hospital stays </li></ul>
  11. 11. How does a VRE infection develop? <ul><li>Opportunistic </li></ul><ul><li>Bacteria transmitted between clients and health care workers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>colonized vs. infected persons </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Signs of VRE infection <ul><li>Drainage from a wound </li></ul><ul><li>Fever and chills </li></ul><ul><li>Increased White Blood Count </li></ul>
  13. 13. Hand-washing prevents spread of VRE <ul><li>Wash hands before patient care </li></ul><ul><li>Wash hands after removing gloves </li></ul><ul><li>Wash hands BEFORE leaving the patient’s room. </li></ul>
  14. 14. MRSA AND VRE <ul><li>All health-care workers play a role in preventing the spread of these nosocomial infections. </li></ul><ul><li>REMEMBER-WASH YOUR HANDS </li></ul>

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