Purpose of Socratic Circle: Dialog, Not Debate Debate DialogPurpose Prove other side Increase wrong understandingAttitude Cooperation CollaborationListening For flaws in argument For deeper meaningYour mind Is closed Is open and flexible The basic purpose of our circle discussions is to • expand our ideas • deepen our thinking • gain new insights • appreciate other perspectives. It is not to come to a particular conclusion (the “right” answer) or necessarily to any conclusion at all.
Ground RulesMake sure everyone is heard Speak so all can hear Listen closely Invite and allow others to speakFocus on participation, not on Mrs. Hayes Talk to each other, not to Mrs. H Speak without raising hands No interruptingYou are responsible for the quality of thediscussion Complete your preparation on time Refer to the text to support your ideas Ask for clarification or elaboration if you are confused Respectfully consider all ideas
Partner Observations Tally each time your partner: Speaks in discussion Looks at the person who is speaking Refers to text (either when speaking or listening) Asks a question Responds to another speaker Interrupts another speakerReflect after discussion: • What was the most interesting thing your partnercontributed? • What would you have liked to have said in the discussion?
Discussant ReflectionWhat was the best point made in the discussion?What ideas did you agree with?What ideas did you disagree with?What questions were left unanswered?What did you contribute to the discussion?Who were the top three contributors?What was your overall evaluation of the circle discussion?
How to build on others’ ideas“I see what you’re saying. Would that also mean. . .?”“Yes, that’s true, but it’s also true that. . .”“Another example [reason, idea, explanation] is. . .”“As ___ already mentioned. . .”“I’d like to add to ___’s comment. . .“___ made a good point that ____, but I’m also wondering. . .” [but I interpreted that to mean.. .]”“This point reminds me of . . .”“I don’t agree because. . .”“That’s a good idea, but. . .”
Objectives for Circle Discussions Identify and formulate higher level questions to help me make connections and think more critically. Ask and respond to questions about the text that raise more questions for this discussion. Consider and respect other possible perspectives on the same text.
Minnesota Language Arts StandardsReading Anchor Standards Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text. Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text. Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole. Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text. Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence. Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.Speaking and Listening Anchor Standards Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
Minnesota 8th Grade Standards8th Grade Reading Standards Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective summary of the text. Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author acknowledges and responds to conflicting evidence or viewpoints Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.8th Grade Speaking and Listening Standards Come to discussions prepared having read or researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion. Follow rules for collegial discussions. Pose questions that connect the ideas of several speakers and respond to others’ questions and comments with relevant evidence, observations, and ideas. Acknowledge new information expressed by others, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views in light of the evidence presented.