The aim of my presentation is to briefly
discuss about the building construction
and management function and
recommendation for future progress.
Study Carried Out
An eight storied residential building have two parts. These are
sub-structure and super-structure.
In a construction process both theoretical knowledge and practical work
are equally important.
The longevity of construction work depends on monitoring of a ‘Site
Engineer’. So he is an important person of a project.
The main objective of this project is to plan over construction
and to progress the construction process.
To acquire practical knowledge.
To increase monitoring work during construction process.
To decrease amount of wastage materials.
To optimum use of time and manpower.
To make the project economical.
Nirapad Real Estate & Development Ltd. is located, House # 9,Road
# 9,Sector # 9, Uttara, Dhaka. Honorable Managing Director Jashim
Uddin Kobir is owner of this Organization.
Nirapad Real Estate & Development Ltd. is a promising name that
has already marked its success as one of the distinct Real Estate
Established in 2003.
This Organization has initiated and already handed over several
projects in different locations of Uttara in Dhaka city.
The Project of Nirapad Real Estate &
Handed Over Projects:
NIRAPAD NILIMA NIRAPAD LUPIN
House #01, Road #12, House # 04, Road # 07,
Sector # 10, Uttara , Dhaka. Sector # 09, Uttara, Dhaka.
Project name: NiRApad oasis lodge
Address: House# 32, Road# 12,
Sector# 10, Uttara, Dhaka.
Land area: 5 katha or 3600 sft.
Number of building: 01(One).
Number of apartment: 12(Twelve).
Size of apartment: 1225 sft.
Observed the location of site.
Site is West and North face.
Identified the access to the site.
Measured the length and breath.
Earth filling not required.
Daily work schedule.
Preparing materials requisition.
Monitoring the total construction work.
Inform the top management about daily work progress.
Quality control of during construction work.
Employed Designer & Architect
After the site survey Nirapad Real Estate & Development Ltd.
employed a designer and architect, from:
‘Talukder Designer & Consultant’.
House# 11, Road# 08, Sector# 09, Uttara, Dhaka.
Eng. Kawser Talukder
B.Sc. Engg. (BUET)
Use of Materials
Sylhet sand (F.M. 1.8-2.5)
Fine sand (F.M. 1.1-1.4)
Plumbing and Sanitary Fittings and
Electrical Fittings and Fixtures
SI Description Unit Qty Rate(TK.) Total Cost
a. 20 mm (60 grade) kg 5600 53.00 296800
b. 16 mm (60 grade) kg 7134 53.00 378102
c. 12 mm (60 grade) kg 31050 53.00 1645650
d. 10 mm (60 grade) kg 1750 53.00 92750
e. 10 mm (40 grade) kg 6550 52.00 340600
02 Shah Special Cement bag 6515 360.00 235400
03 First Class Bricks nos 173400 7.00 1213800
04 Fine Sand cft 17890 14.00 250460
05 Sylhet Sand cft 5682 28.00 159096
06 Stone Chips cft 3984 110.00 438240
SI Description Unit Qty Rate(TK.) Total Cost
07 Brick Chips cft 12782 65.00 830830
08 Grill Works - - - 150,900
09 Tiles Works - - - 160,700
10 Paint Works - - - 145,080
11 Wooden Work - - - 702,147
12 Electrical Work - - - 799,543
13 Lift + Generator
- - - 2,300,000
14 Plumbing Cost - - - 1,123,238
15 Labor - - - 2,000,000
Total Cost 14,940,117
SlabForm work procedure:
After completed the column casting work,
start slab with beam centering.
Use bamboo posts @ 2' c/c for slab
After that use timber for slab centering.
Fixed the end of steel sheet with wood by
Level the form of slab.
Figure: Centering of slab
Binding for bottom layer
reinforcement, mainly use two
First one is short direction
Second one is long direction
Figure: Slab reinforcement placing
Crank bar :
Crank bar should be used in both way of slab.
Extra top bar:
Extra top bar are to be used on every crank bar.
Clear cover 1" was taken
in every slab.
Figure: Clear cover of slab
At first slab casting by
After that concrete place in
column and beam joint,
then concrete place over whole
Carefully compaction of concrete
by Vibrating machine.
Figure: Compaction of concrete
Working procedure of brick
Select the first class bricks.
Chipped and cleaned the
surface and made layout.
Joint mortar was proper compacted by steel
Figure : Brick work
English bond was ensured.
Vertical and horizontal alignment was maintained.
1st lift brick work was, for 5" wall 4' and 10" wall 5'.
Curing for 14 days was ensured.
Working procedure of lintel:
After completed 7' height brick wall,
lintel mainly made above the door and
For large span lintel used bamboo
According to wall wide, completed the
centering and shattering.
Figure: Lintel centering and shattering
Fixed the end of wood with brick wall
Used reinforcement in lintel.
Casting properly, ratio is 1:2:4.
Properly curing at least 7 days.
Figure : Reinforcement place in lintel work
At first clean the masonry and
RCC surface properly.
If any part of the walls so
high, then cut the high part.
The surface of wall kept moist
for at lest 6 hours before
plaster is started.
Figure : Preparation of background
Preparation of mortar:
Different works proportion were
For RCC ceiling surface proportion
was 1:4, brick wall surface
proportion was 1:5.
Cement and sand mixture were
Figure: Mortar mixture work
Application of mortar:
Made pia of plaster 5˝x 5˝,
according to wall area was
divided into a number of
strips as reference level of
Applied the mortar
masonry wall surface and
RCC ceiling surface.
Figure: Plaster work
Did not apply sand cement dry mix on the prepared
If required plaster thickness more than 1". Did the plaster in 2 coats
(scratch and finish coat).
Finished the surface with Gauging trowel, Wooden float and Floating rule.
PVC/U-PVC pipe work procedure:
At first made 4" hole in toilet floor.
Then joint the sewerage and waste water pipes in
to the hole.
Stand the pipes vertically from ground floor to
Fixed the pipes on wall with vertically U-clamp
each 4' interval.
Help to the pipe rain water & waste water
come directly in waste water pit & convey to
the city corporation drain.
Similarly excreta directly come from toilet in
sewerage pit & go to the septic tank.
Figure: Sewerage and drainage work
GI pipe work procedure:
Did not start groove cutting for pipes
in wall, which is not cured for more
than 24 days.
Make groove cutting straight
by groove cutting machine.
Figure: GI pipe
Problems Identification & Suggestion
Problem Identified Suggestion
In my working site, there
contractor and experience
I informed project manager.
Then he changed them and also
employed new contractor and
maintained proper work
I regularly communicated with
them and increased observation.
So many unskilled mason
and labour were in my
So, I have tried to handle
unskilled labour and mason and
sometime trained them.
SL. Problem Identified Suggestion
04 Building project neighbor
side there were no proper
safety of during construction
I used Hessian cloth with
bamboo bracing to project
neighbor side, from the brick
bats, plaster mortar etc.
05 Suppliers didn’t supply
good quality sand, during
I have informed to the top
management and they
supplied good quality sand.
Durability of a building depend mainly on proper construction process and
proper use of materials.
I have supervised slab work, brick work, plaster work, sanitary & plumbing
After supervision of my construction site, I have learned a lot about
theoretical background and achieve practical experience. It seems to me
that the practical knowledge is essential to be an efficient engineer.
Standard quality of material should be ensured first
Leakage into joint of formwork should not allowed
Unclean reinforcement should not used
During casting vibrator should be straight instead of inclined
Before casting vertical and horizontal level should be checked for all
Every day before closing of works, the site should be cleaned