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Trabajo de sociales make by Sergio Gutierrez Fernandez


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Trabajo de sociales make by Sergio Gutierrez Fernandez

  1. 1. Main problems of urbanization in developing countries are…
  2. 2. Different types of work
  3. 3. Differences between developed countries and developing ones in relation with employment structure
  4. 4. We have the world divided into two economic parts
  5. 5. Inputs and outputs farming
  6. 6. Classification by processes -Arable farming: It is the ploughing of the land and growing of crops -Pastoral farming: It is the leaving of land under grass and the rearing of animals: Cattle ranching on the Prairies, USA -Market gardening: It is when fruit, flowers and vegetables are grown under conditions -Mixed farming: Crops are grown and animals are reared in the same area
  7. 7. -Hill sheep farms: wool -Cattle farms: cows for milk (dairy farming) -Arable farms: cereal crops such as wheat, vegetables as potatoes -Mixed farms -Market gardening: fruit, vegetables and flowers
  8. 8. Accessibility and technology dairy farmers during 1970s and 1980s
  9. 9. -It is the intensive cultivation of high-value crops such as fruit, vegetables and flowers
  10. 10. Market gardening in the Netherlands: organization
  11. 11. We can find the natural inputs required for rice farming
  12. 12. Some problems affecting farmers in India
  13. 13. Some changes in commercial farming -Mechanization -Increased farm size: agribusiness -Increased field size -Increased use of chemicals: fertilizers and pesticides -Organic farming: without chemicals -Natural environments -The Environmental Stewardship (ES) Scheme: creating wildlife habitats -Farm diversification -Genetically modified (GM) crops: While they might help reduce food shortages (resist a disease) they may also create environmental problems
  14. 14. The Green Revolution: HYVs: problems The Green Revolution: HYVs: does it need more water?
  15. 15. The use of fertilizer and farm waste -Farmers spread slurry, which is animal waste, over their fields, cheaper to use than chemical fertilizer, and slurry contain nitrate, that if it is excessive in rivers acts as a fertilizer and results in the rapid growth of algae and other plants. These use up large amounts of oxygen, leaving too little for fish life
  16. 16. RSPB
  17. 17. Hope Farm The RSPB is working in five ways: