Alexander Rodchenko
Constructivism
Alexander Rodchenko
Typographer

Photographer
Painter

Sculptor
Furniture Designer

Poster Artist
Graphic Artist
Interior ...
Alexander Rodchenko
- Born November 23, 1891, in St. Petersburg, Russia
Painter

- Died December 3, 1956, in Moscow, Russi...
Timeline of Rodchenko’s Life & Achievements
1910: attends school of Fine Arts in Kazan
1915: attends Stroganov School in M...
Timeline of Rodchenko’s Life & Achievements
1923: does advertising and photomontages, and collaborates with Mayakovsky
192...
Rodchenko’s Style of Art & Photography
- Used single lines to construct a simplistic design
- Angles are used to create a ...
Constructivism :
Refers to non-representational construction of
sculpture and painting. The artists linked art
with concre...
Constructivism :
- A movement in modern art originating in Moscow in 1920
- Materialistic mechanical machine-like art
- Ad...
Rodchenko’s Contribution to Constructivism
- In 1918 and 1921 Rodchenko became interested through the
arrangement of flat ...
Alexander Rodchenko’s Photography
"One has to take several different shots of a subject, from different points of view and...
Alexander Rodchenko’s Photography
- He photographed stairs, buildings, and overhead wires that created constructivist
line...
Rodchenko‟s use of contrast between light
and dark, creates a dramatic photograph
and a chiaroscuro effect in his photogra...
Through the use of both high and low angles, Alexander Rodchenko adds
interest and makes an ordinary object look more abst...
Rodchenko uses aerial and „birds eye view‟
photographs to show the relationship that all
elements have to each other.

Ale...
Rodchenko uses the reflectionto create a
more abstract approach to his work.

Alexander Rodchenko.
Abstract Cutout
Alexand...
Alexander Rodchenko. The
White Circle. 1918

Alexander Rodchenko. Black black, 1919
Alexander Rodchenko.
Gymnastics, 1932.

Alexander Rodchenko. Construction no
92, 1919
Rodchenko and The Leica
-The Leica was introduced to the world in 1925
at the Leipzig Spring Fair
-It changed the course o...
Vladimir Tatlin: 1885 - 1953
-Ukrainian sculptor and painter

- In 1914, he became the leader of a group of Moscow
artists...
Other Constructivism Artists
Constructivism artists,
Naum Gabo and Antoine
Pevsner create sculptures
of non-representation...
Other Constructivism Artists
Artists, Alexandra Exter and Alexander
Vesnin, show a more abstract approach
to constructivis...
Rodchenko’s work in a modern time:

Alexander Rodchenko.
Lily Brik, 1924

The Ex‟s album cover

Franz Ferdinand album cove...
El Lissitzky. Beat the Whites with
the Red Wedge, 1919-20

Franz Ferdinand album cover
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Rodchenko outline

  1. 1. Alexander Rodchenko Constructivism
  2. 2. Alexander Rodchenko Typographer Photographer Painter Sculptor Furniture Designer Poster Artist Graphic Artist Interior Architect Teacher Set Decorator Painter
  3. 3. Alexander Rodchenko - Born November 23, 1891, in St. Petersburg, Russia Painter - Died December 3, 1956, in Moscow, Russia - Main field was photography, also focused on painting earlier in his career - Was influenced by the aspects of Constructivism movement - Was most famous in the 20th century for his photography - Leader of Constructivism - Influenced by Vladimir Tatlin and Kazimir Malevich - Married to Varvara Stepanova
  4. 4. Timeline of Rodchenko’s Life & Achievements 1910: attends school of Fine Arts in Kazan 1915: attends Stroganov School in Moscow where he meets Vladimir Tatlin and Kazimir Malevich 1918-19: becomes interested in architecture and line structure; joins the Zhivaskulptarkh – a group dedicated to this form of art 1919: does first collages and is the president of the Federation of Painters of New Art 1921: at “5x5=25” exhibition Rodchenko‟s Pure Colors: Red, Yellow, Blue is shown as his last easel painting produced Shukhov Tower by Alexander Rodchenko, 1929. Artist print
  5. 5. Timeline of Rodchenko’s Life & Achievements 1923: does advertising and photomontages, and collaborates with Mayakovsky 1929: many of his photographs are published in magazines (Technology, Life, Novy Lef, etc…) 1935-40: works on series of books of photos with his wife, Varvara 1940: returns to abstract painting Novyi Lef cover. Photography 1928. Russian Constructivism. Alexander Rodchenko Novyi LEF. Zhurnal levogo frontaiskusstv, 11 Alexander Rodchenko
  6. 6. Rodchenko’s Style of Art & Photography - Used single lines to construct a simplistic design - Angles are used to create a abstract look with ordinary objects - By the use of line, it allowed him to exclude colour, form, and composition - High contrast lighting in his photographs, creates dynamic shadows and depth -Majority of his photographs were portraits, landscapes or architecture Breakthrough: Alexander Rodchenk Pioneer Girl, 1930
  7. 7. Constructivism : Refers to non-representational construction of sculpture and painting. The artists linked art with concrete and tangible ideas; instead of abstract ideas.
  8. 8. Constructivism : - A movement in modern art originating in Moscow in 1920 - Materialistic mechanical machine-like art - Addresses issues about reality and life - Uses industrial materials such as glass, sheet metal, and plastic - Objects are nonrepresentational, and often geometric shapes
  9. 9. Rodchenko’s Contribution to Constructivism - In 1918 and 1921 Rodchenko became interested through the arrangement of flat geometric shapes on a two-dimensional surface; he then created three-dimensional sculptures. These constructions were made from various materials, including wood, tin, and cardboard. - In 1920, Hanging Construction was one of the first constructed sculptures in Russia to include moving parts. In this work Rodchenko arranged a series of intersecting and concentric circles of wood that hung freely to be moved by air Alexander Rodchenko. Hanging Construction, 1920
  10. 10. Alexander Rodchenko’s Photography "One has to take several different shots of a subject, from different points of view and in different situations, as if one examined it in the round rather than looked through the same key-hole again and again.”-Rodchenko - He often shot his subjects from odd angles; usually from high above as an aerial view or from a low angle, he did this to shock his viewers - Most of his work was abstract - His images eliminated unnecessary detail, emphasized dynamic diagonal composition, and was concerned with the placement and movement of objects Alexander Rodchenko Dynamo Soccer Club, Red Square 1935
  11. 11. Alexander Rodchenko’s Photography - He photographed stairs, buildings, and overhead wires that created constructivist linear structures -The contrast between light and dark, was also one of Rodchenko‟s approaches towards photography Alexander Rodchenko. Fire-escape ladder, 1925.
  12. 12. Rodchenko‟s use of contrast between light and dark, creates a dramatic photograph and a chiaroscuro effect in his photographs. This helped to show the form of his subjects, and add depth and volume. Alexander Rodchenko. Young Woman with Leica, (vintage gelatin silver print) 1934 Alexander Rodchenko. Staircase, 1930
  13. 13. Through the use of both high and low angles, Alexander Rodchenko adds interest and makes an ordinary object look more abstract. It changes the approach of our view of how we interpret everyday items and transforms the ordinary to the extraordinary. Alexander Rodchenko. Radio Antenna, 1930 Alexander Rodchenko. House in Miasnitzkaya Street, 1925
  14. 14. Rodchenko uses aerial and „birds eye view‟ photographs to show the relationship that all elements have to each other. Alexander Rodchenko. Courtyard, 1927 Alexander Rodchenko. A Street in Moscow, 1928
  15. 15. Rodchenko uses the reflectionto create a more abstract approach to his work. Alexander Rodchenko. Abstract Cutout Alexander Rodchenko. Nude and Shadow, 1930
  16. 16. Alexander Rodchenko. The White Circle. 1918 Alexander Rodchenko. Black black, 1919
  17. 17. Alexander Rodchenko. Gymnastics, 1932. Alexander Rodchenko. Construction no 92, 1919
  18. 18. Rodchenko and The Leica -The Leica was introduced to the world in 1925 at the Leipzig Spring Fair -It changed the course of photography -It was used for landscape photography as it was the first practical 35mm camera that used standard cinema 35 mm film -Rodchenko was the first Soviet photographer to use a Leica -Rodechenko was a photographer for a magazine company called “Novyi LEF.” Many of his photographs were published in the 1928 issue and under each of his photographs he made note that he used the Leica to produce his images -It allowed him to use unusual camera positions, severe foreshortenings of perspective, and detail Alexander Rodchenko. The Moscow-Volga Carnal, 1930
  19. 19. Vladimir Tatlin: 1885 - 1953 -Ukrainian sculptor and painter - In 1914, he became the leader of a group of Moscow artists who applied engineering techniques to sculpture construction; a movement which then developed into Constructivism -He used iron, glass, wood and wire in the nonrepresentational constructions that he created - He inspired Alexander Rodchenko Vladimir Tatlin. Model for the third international tower, 1919-1920
  20. 20. Other Constructivism Artists Constructivism artists, Naum Gabo and Antoine Pevsner create sculptures of non-representational objects. Antoine Pevsner. Developable Surface, (bronze and copper) 1938-1939 Naum Gabo. Linear Construction No.2, (plastic and nylon filament) 1970-1971
  21. 21. Other Constructivism Artists Artists, Alexandra Exter and Alexander Vesnin, show a more abstract approach to constructivism art. Alexandra Exter. City, 1913 Alexander Vesnin. Suprematistische Komposition, (oil on cardboard)
  22. 22. Rodchenko’s work in a modern time: Alexander Rodchenko. Lily Brik, 1924 The Ex‟s album cover Franz Ferdinand album cover
  23. 23. El Lissitzky. Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge, 1919-20 Franz Ferdinand album cover

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