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Post colonial perspectives


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Post colonial perspectives

  1. 1. Post-colonial perspectives Race & Ideology
  2. 2. What is post-colonialism? <ul><li>A critique of western representations of race, ethnicity, culture, and human identity after colonisation </li></ul><ul><li>The discourses that no culture is better or worse than other cultures </li></ul><ul><li>The study of the power relationships between previously colonised cultures and people </li></ul>
  3. 3. Race & Ideology <ul><li>Colonisation and intermixing = lack of racially distinctive groups </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived physical & cultural differences = basis for ethnic and racial groupings </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs that other racial/ethnic groups inferior traced back to colonial ideas/justification </li></ul>
  4. 4. Racialisation <ul><li>Race is a social construction </li></ul><ul><li>Races do not exist outside representation </li></ul><ul><li>Historical formation of race occupies structurally subordinate positions </li></ul>
  5. 5. Race & entertainment <ul><li>Colonial perspectives alive and well… </li></ul><ul><li>Dark skin signifies different nature/way of being from white (natural rhythm, good sports etc…) </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas like this give unthreatening (to white) stereotype of black people </li></ul><ul><li>Does not take into account socio-economic reasons </li></ul>
  6. 6. Race & entertainment <ul><li>Ethnic groups have been marginalised by white media… </li></ul><ul><li>Black R+B turns into rock, rap to hip hop </li></ul><ul><li>Musicians turned into caricatures of themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Asians portrayed as doctors and shopkeepers </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal and stereotyped representations leading to lack of voice </li></ul>
  7. 7. Portraying Black People as Problems <ul><li>News media commonly represent black people as problematic </li></ul><ul><li>1960’s – threat to UK through immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Modern – law and order problem </li></ul><ul><li>Via… </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic headlines/ banner positions/regurgitation of popular fears/ damning reports from authority figures etc… </li></ul><ul><li>Language inflames situation </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-economic reasons overlooked </li></ul><ul><li>Picked up on and repeated in film/TV etc </li></ul>
  8. 8. Third World Images <ul><li>Localised inequalities reproduced on world scale </li></ul><ul><li>Famine, civil war etc oversimplified for western consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on aid/money as solution reinforces stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Holiday shows/ tours etc show ‘exotic’ ideals </li></ul>
  9. 9. Race & Eastenders <ul><li>Black & Asian characters can have stereotypical roles </li></ul><ul><li>Racial issues are tackled but not as an overview </li></ul><ul><li>Times article </li></ul><ul><li>Characters are under represented </li></ul><ul><li>How does Eastenders define ethnic difference? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Look at these or other examples of non-white ethnicity in the news and entertainment media. Analyse via a post-colonial perspective <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> or africa or south east asia </li></ul><ul><li>Clips from Fresh Prince – Hip hop music videos - </li></ul>