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# Composition and the rule of thirds

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• What is now known as the rule of thirds comes, most people say, from art historical traditions where mathematical calculations were used in order to make a painting more attractive to the viewer. The Golden Mean, or Golden Ratio as its sometimes called comes from studying object in nature and how big certain portions are in relation to others
• Like all rules of production, this one can broken, but we need to master it first and then we can change it
• It can be used to divide the image via its horizontal lines, and, or, its vertical lines.
• There are some studies which claim the eyes naturally rest on the intersection points, this again takes us back to the golden ration in nature where one part of an object is perfectly in proportion to another part!Because its a technique, which has been used in some form for a long time the audience has come to expect it. We have grown up looking at photos, painting and shots in films that use this technique, so when we use it as media producers, we give our audience what they want.
• ### Composition and the rule of thirds

1. 1. Composition and the Rule of Thirds Unit 18 – Producing Print Based Material
2. 2. Today’s Aim... • To understand what the ‘rule of thirds’ is, why it is used in a wide variety of print media and to put it into practice ourselves...
3. 3. Rule of Thirds History • In photography and film making the Rule of Thirds is used to make the overall composition more pleasing to the eye • The idea comes from a history of painting and art • Sometimes linked to ‘Golden Mean’
4. 4. What is it? • Frame is divided into three horizontal and vertical sections • Image is placed at intersections
5. 5. Why use it? • Conventional – used repeatedly so that the audience come to expect it • Creates a ‘natural’ sense of balance in a shot
6. 6. Task 1 • You work as photo editor for a Digital SLR Photography magazine. Some images have been submitted of a high quality but your boss thinks they need to be reframed before publication. Use your knowledge of composition and Rule of Thirds to make the images more attractive In turns, come up to the images and crop them by drawing on the rule of thirds grid
7. 7. Task 2 • Scenario: You work for a local newspaper and they have asked you to shoot some portraits of typical students for their latest edition. You must plan the shoot using basic storyboard techniques • Think about the Rule of Thirds, where would you place your subject within the frame?
8. 8. Task 3 • Using the theme you started with last week, try to get at least two well composed images, utilising The Rule of Thirds and what we know about Line, Texture and Pattern • Be back with at least 20 mins spare to upload onto your memory card
9. 9. Review • Divide frame into three horizontal & vertical lines – place subject at intersection • Rule of Thirds helps us to compose a shot that the audience recognises and wants • Can be used in a variety of media types
10. 10. Shot 1 Shot 2