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Learning Resource in Geography

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The presentation is prepared for pre service teacher trainees of Geography subject. it is a brief description of various learning resources or teaching aids which are used in learning and teaching of Geography subjet.

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Learning Resource in Geography

  1. 1. Learning Resources in Geography Suresh.G.Isave, Associate Professor, Tilak College of Education, Pune-India
  2. 2. Definition • Learning resources are texts, videos, software, and other resources that teachers use to assist students to meet the expectations for learning defined by curriculum. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 2
  3. 3. Need and Importance • To help to enable better understanding of Geography subject. • To make concepts clear. • To create interest in Geography subject • To frame the geographical attitude. • To inculcate Geographical values. • To cultivate the life skills through Geography. • To make students a global citizen. • To make students civilized human. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 3
  4. 4. Types of Learning Resources Technology basedTraditional 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 4
  5. 5. Traditional Learning Resources Resources which can be used without technology 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 5
  6. 6. Traditional Learning Resources Traditional Sample Objects Diagram Images Reference book Encyclop edia Globe MapAtlas Graph Project/ Field Trip Exhibition Expert interaction Display Chart Model 2D/3D 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 6
  7. 7. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 7 Map • Graphic representation, drawn to scale and usually on a flat surface, of features—usually geographic, geologic, or geopolitical—of an area of the Earth or of any celestial body. • Elements – title, subtitle, index, direction, scale etc.
  8. 8. Map Types Physical Political Outline 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 8
  9. 9. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 9 Use of Physical Map To show –  Location.  Landforms – mountains, plateau, plains, depression etc.  Water bodies – Ocean, sea, rivers, lakes.  To explain the relation of climate and physiography of a particular location.
  10. 10. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 10 Use of Physical Map To Explain –  Temperature  Rainfall  Winds  Human life  Vegetation
  11. 11. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 11 Use of Political Map To show – Boundaries – local to international. Villages, Cities and capitals. Ways – railways, roadways, airways, waterways. Location
  12. 12. Use of outline map • When teacher want students focus only on specific information, she should use and outline map. • To show a location and boundaries of a region. • To show distribution of geographical information e.g. population, rainfall, soils, crops, metals etc. • To indicate specific physiographic information like rivers, desert region etc. • To show the man made environment (Political) like roads, cities, industries, airport, tourists centers etc. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 12
  13. 13. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 13 Graph Visual representation of a data set or a mathematical equation, inequality, or function to show relationships or tendencies that these formulas can only suggest symbolically and abstractly.
  14. 14. Types of Graph/Chart • Line Graph • Area Graph • Bar /Column Graph • Pie chart • Organization Charts 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 14
  15. 15. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 15 training.figleaf.com
  16. 16. www.mymarketresearchmethods.com 2/18/2015sgisave@gmail.com 16
  17. 17. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 17 Use of Graph  To show climatic data – temperature, rainfall, humidity.  To show demographic data – population growth, birth rate, censuses, gender wise, age wise etc.  Production – crops, minerals, machineries etc  Natural resources – trees, animals etc.  To show changing or static data.
  18. 18. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 18 Pie Chart • A circular chart divided into triangular areas proportional to the percentages of the whole. 1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr
  19. 19. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 19 Use of Pie Chart To show comparative proportion in a particular area - o Natural resources – soil, gas, land-water, vegetation, animals, minerals etc. o Human occupation, production of things etc. o Demographic features.
  20. 20. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 20 Model  Miniature representation of something.  A hypothetical description of a complex entity or process.  Small scale imitation of real and imaginary things.
  21. 21. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 21 Use of Model  Eclipses  Volcano  Movement of earth surface  Work of natural agents- wind, water etc.  Dam  Human settlement.
  22. 22. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 22 Sample • Small amount of material with same attributes. • Use – Crop, soil, rock, food, water, metals etc.
  23. 23. Images • Picture • Drawings • Photographs 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 23
  24. 24. Diagram • Diagram helps students to understand relation, proportion, process and visualized nature of a concept. • Interior of earth, rainfall, weathering etc. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 24
  25. 25. Display Chart • Big sized chart which can be displayed in the classroom so student can be touch with subject during school hours. • Important key concepts should be made with students’ help and displayed in a classroom or corridor. • E.g. latitude, season, temperature zone, planetary wind, direction and sub-direction etc. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 25
  26. 26. Object • Object gives opportunity to observe real thing and get first hand experience. • e.g. metallic-non metallic objects, costume or jewelry worn in specific region, art-craft etc. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 26
  27. 27. Field Trip/Project • The resource is useful to give real life experience to students. • The things which are mentioned in a text book can be verified by field trip and projects. • E.g. – visit to Pot holes at Noghoj, V- shaped valley at Tahmini, Honeycomb structure at Harihareshwar etc. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 27
  28. 28. Technology Based Learning Resources Resources which requires the support of technology 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 28
  29. 29. Technology Based Learning Resources Devices Smart phone Tablet Laptop/ Notebook Desktop Computer OHP Television set Gaming Console 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 29
  30. 30. Technology Based Learning Resources 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 30 Technology Based Games Apps Social Networkin g sites Photos/ Video sharing site Blog Wiki CAI Movies
  31. 31. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 31 Computer Assisted Resources Off Line On Line
  32. 32. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 32 Online Tools Google Earth/ Maps e-journals Geographical site Govt. sites Research Organization site NGOs site
  33. 33. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 33 Off line • Software – 3D quack, Stellarium, Simulation of geographical phenomena, spreadsheet, encyclopaedia etc. • Educational CDs - Curriculum based, knowledge based. • CAI – developed by teachers, researchers etc.
  34. 34. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 34 Online • Geographical Web sites. • Social Networking sites. • Google earth, Google maps. • You Tube Videos. • Photo Sharing sites- panoramio, flicker, picasa etc. • Images, Articles, Documents, Graphs, Facts and Figures
  35. 35. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 35 Television • TV channels – Discovery, Nat Geo, Animal Planet. • Kids channels. • Interactive channels.
  36. 36. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 36 Movie • Geographical Content in a Story. e.g.- Volcano, Armageddon, Deep Impact, 2012 • Geographical Location, Physical Features, Vegetation, Human Life etc. e.g.- Vertical Limit(K-2), Cliff Hanger (Rockies) Don-new (Malaysia), Krrish (Singapore), Lord of Rings (New Zeland), Bond Movies (World), local Movies for Local Geography.
  37. 37. Thank You ! 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 37
  38. 38. 2/18/2015 sgisave@gmail.com 38 Download, improve, use and Feedback !

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