Disaster Management

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Disaster Management

  1. 1. Disaster Management in School Prof. Suresh G. Isave, Tilak College of Education, Pune-30 INDIA
  2. 2. Concept <ul><li>Disaster – “A serious disruption of human or natural material.” </li></ul><ul><li>Management – “Management is the task of planning, coordinating, motivating, and controlling the efforts of others towards specific objectives.” -- James L. Lundy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Disaster Management : Definition <ul><li>“A planned approach for prevention of disaster, preparedness and response to disaster and recovery following disaster.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Disaster <ul><li>Man Made </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorist activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Kidnapping. </li></ul><ul><li>Ragging. </li></ul><ul><li>Fights. </li></ul><ul><li>Riots. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Building collapse. </li></ul><ul><li>Accidents. </li></ul><ul><li>Health problems </li></ul><ul><li>Natural </li></ul><ul><li>Fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake. </li></ul><ul><li>Flood. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy Rain. </li></ul><ul><li>Viral attack. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Is it a new concept ? <ul><li>Praying for God. </li></ul><ul><li>Praying for natural powers like Fire, Rain, Lightning, Water, Wind etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Society. </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Emperors like Napoleon, Akabar, Shivaji etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution, Government. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Disaster Management Approaches Disaster Management In Education Education in Disaster Management
  7. 7. DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION
  8. 8. Disaster Management is a continuous process IN DISASTER POST DISASTER PRE- DISASTER
  9. 9. PRE – DISASTER <ul><li>Prevention. </li></ul><ul><li>Risk assessment. </li></ul><ul><li>Possibilities. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Risk Assessment Factors <ul><li>Geographical. </li></ul><ul><li>Social. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical. </li></ul><ul><li>Human. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Geographical Factors <ul><li>Climate, </li></ul><ul><li>Landform, </li></ul><ul><li>Soil, </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetation, </li></ul><ul><li>Animal life etc. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Social Factors <ul><li>Race, </li></ul><ul><li>Religion, </li></ul><ul><li>Caste, </li></ul><ul><li>Education, </li></ul><ul><li>Political, </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism, </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic, </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul>
  13. 13. Physical Factors <ul><li>Building – protection wall, gates, parking, system, base, tiling, height, stories, staircase, air-light-water system, electric wiring, fire alarm system etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Inflammable items – gas, chemicals, generators, vehicles etc </li></ul><ul><li>Classrooms – size, benches, door, windows, fan, switches, bulb/tubes, speakers. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Physical Factors <ul><li>Risk rooms – canteen, mess, kitchen, storeroom, labs, library, main fuse room. </li></ul><ul><li>Water – clean, maintained, emergency storage, buckets, pipes etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Ground – size, soil, clean, entries, exits, parking. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Human Factors <ul><li>Teachers, students, parents, administrators, management, government etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Alert and trained. </li></ul><ul><li>Content of Training – knowledge of disaster-possibilities-institution's condition, solutions etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Drills. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Preparedness <ul><li>Establishment of disaster management committee. </li></ul><ul><li>Members – management, teachers, students representatives, parents, support staff, special member like doctors, advocates, media, police, psychologists etc. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Preparedness <ul><li>I.D.M.P. (institutional disaster management plan) </li></ul><ul><li>Orientations. </li></ul><ul><li>List of possible disasters. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention measures. </li></ul><ul><li>Division of duties and responsibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Possible actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Serious Rehearsals. </li></ul>
  18. 18. In The Disaster <ul><li>Activation of plan of action decided. </li></ul><ul><li>Take maximum care of students. </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination. </li></ul><ul><li>Communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation. </li></ul><ul><li>First aids. </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Post Disaster Management <ul><li>Recovery. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper; on time communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Health – physical, psychological. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Research. </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Reasons of Disasters
  21. 21. Natural Reasons <ul><li>Climate. </li></ul><ul><li>Landslide. </li></ul><ul><li>Flood. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake etc. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Human Reasons <ul><li>Lack of scientific knowledge and attitude. </li></ul><ul><li>Carelessness. </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of planning. </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Economical. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of training. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Possible Occasions <ul><li>Assemblies. </li></ul><ul><li>Sports. </li></ul><ul><li>Gathering. </li></ul><ul><li>Excursion. </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooking. </li></ul><ul><li>Social disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme climatic conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Day celebrations. </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in Social activities. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Institution’s Role in Disaster Management in Society
  25. 25. Pre-Disaster Situation <ul><li>Training of people. </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Street plays, dramas, posters, runs etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Publications. </li></ul><ul><li>Researches. </li></ul><ul><li>Active in social gatherings. </li></ul>
  26. 26. In Disaster and Post Disaster <ul><li>Educational help. </li></ul><ul><li>Be an active member of a society. </li></ul><ul><li>Play proper role on proper time. </li></ul><ul><li>Give moral support. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide material / economical / physical support. </li></ul><ul><li>Help out in research and documentation. </li></ul>
  27. 27. TEACHER’S QUALITIES <ul><li>Dedication. </li></ul><ul><li>Determination. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific knowledge and attitude. </li></ul><ul><li>Decision making. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation. </li></ul><ul><li>Matured and balanced. </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership. </li></ul><ul><li>Research and documentation. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Thanks !

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