Bosnia Herzegovina Ppp

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  • 7:04- 39
  • Bosnia Herzegovina Ppp

    1. 1. Bosnia Herzegovina
    2. 2. Location <ul><li>Southeastern Europe on Balkan Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounded by Croatia, </li></ul><ul><li>Serbia, Montenegro, </li></ul><ul><li>Adriatic Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Capital City: Sarajevo </li></ul>
    3. 3. General Demographic Information <ul><li>Population: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total: 3.8million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sarajevo: almost 400,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Language: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bosnian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serbian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Croatian </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. General Demographic Information
    5. 5. General Demographic Information <ul><li>Heath: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Infant Mortality Rate: ~21deaths/1000 (~0.21%) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Life Expectancy: M ~70yrs F ~76yrs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Work force: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1.026 million </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Adult Literacy Rate: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Males: ~94% Females: 78% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Education: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mandatory 8-9yrs primary school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3-4 yrs secondary (vocational/liberal arts) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3-5 yrs university </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Main public universities in large cities, private institutes available </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Recommended Vaccinations <ul><li>Routine </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Against the following: measles/mumps/rubella (MMR); diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT); poliovirus; etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis A & B </li></ul><ul><li>Typhoid </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>it is transmitted by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with feces from an infected person </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The bacteria are deposited in water or food by a human carrier and are then spread to other people in the area. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Rabies (for long term travelers) </li></ul><ul><li>Tickborne Encephalitis (TBE) (& lime disease) </li></ul><ul><li>Highly pathogenic Avian Influenza A Virus (bird flu) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Transportation <ul><li>Interesting fact: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bosnia Herzegovina is amount the rare countries in Europe that has fewer than 10km of 4-lane hwy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Walking between towns is dangerous (some places are not de-mined) </li></ul><ul><li>Police regularly set up road blocks and ask travelers to pull over to check their papers </li></ul><ul><li>Best transportation: bus (train: 2 nd best) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Transportation Cont’d: <ul><li>Buses: plentiful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily coach buses to Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia and Montenegro (Max. trip: 3hrs) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trains: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Service is slowly improving from damages during the conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roads: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Still damaged from war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poorly maintained </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blocked from landslides, de-mining acts, traffic accidentsmorning/evening fog in mountains (near Serbia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better to fill up gas on edge of town & cities than within them </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Currency & Traveler Tips <ul><li>Konvertibilna Marka (Convertible Mark) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 EURO=1.95 KM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 KM= $0.82 Cdn </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tips: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bring small change: more than 20KM is hard to get change from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credit cards: not widely accepted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ATMs avail. In big cities: mostly provide 50KM, which is problematic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can pay with EUROS: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When changing: up to 50 EUROs </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When paying: only up to 10 EUROs </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Traveler Tips: Purchasing <ul><li>Markets: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They raise prices for foreigners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prices are negotiable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Visoko & central Bosnia: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>renown for leather work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mostar (on Croat side): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excellent shopping mall with typical Euro-style clothes & jewelery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sarajevo: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Main streets in Sarajevo: good for black market DVDs, videos games, CDs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clothing & shoes are good quality & at decent prices </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Food: General Info <ul><li>Heavy on meat & fish </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even vegetarian dishes cooked with bacon or smoked meat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meals usually served with bread </li></ul><ul><li>Soups (i.e., chicken & beef soups with noodles or egg dumplings) or salad are usually served with entrees </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar salads: unheard of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead, popular salad is lettuce with mixed tomatoes, onions, bell peppers and feta </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sugar and fruit only in desserts </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes texture/color is important </li></ul>
    12. 12. Popular Dishes in Sarajevo <ul><li>Most common meat (my FAVOURITE): Cevapi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>~2-4 KM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AKA “Balkan” kabab </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to tubular shaped beef patty in burgers but a lot more flavorful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbequed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Popular pastry: Pita </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes greasy pastry made of filo dough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be stuffed with: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Burek: meat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sirnica: cheese </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zeljanica: spinach </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Krompirusa: potatoes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jabukovaca/ Jabuka: apple (My FAVOURITE dessert) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Must Haves During Special Occasions <ul><li>Pastrmka (Pronounced “pastrami”): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plate of trout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locally farmed by Blagaj monastery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Janjetina “lamb on the spit”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rotated over coal fire on spit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~ 25 KM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(My family, who are Croats, traditionally roast pigs during family functions) </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Other Popular Food/Drinks <ul><li>Trahana: traditional sourdough that’s a staple during fasting month of Ramadan </li></ul><ul><li>Popular student food: Pannini sandwiches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Served in most youth coffee shops </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Popular Drinks: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bosnian and Turkish coffee </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Food <ul><li>Common: pickled foods as condiments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>i.e., pickled peppers, onions, cucumbers “pickles”, tomatoes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kajmak (local specialty) : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dairy spread made of milk fat that’s removed, salted and canned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoky, salty cheese taste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exported from Travnick (central city in B.H.: 90km W of Sarajevo) to as far as Australia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ajvar: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canned spread similar to Bruchetta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roasted peppers, eggplant, seasoned with salt & pepper, & slowly cooked </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. General Government Info <ul><li>Federal Democratic Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Independent from Yugoslavia in either March or April 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>3-member rotating presidency: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 First-order administrative divisions: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Muslim/ Croat Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina (Federacija Bosnia Hercegovina) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Internationally supervised district: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NE Bosnia: Brcko District </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Each member is elected by popular vote for 4 year term (similar to the States) </li></ul><ul><li>Last election date: Oct 1 st 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>National Holiday: National Day on Nov 25 </li></ul>
    17. 17. Bosnian Conflict <ul><li>Bosnian War: 1992-1995 </li></ul><ul><li>March 1994 Washington Agreement = uneasy peace </li></ul><ul><li>Major town taken over by opposing ethnicity & smaller towns were divided </li></ul><ul><li>1993- present: Gornji Vakuf split in the middle (lower part “Uskoplje”: Croats, upper part: Muslims) </li></ul><ul><li>Result: city, especially Muslim area, was destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>City split created primarily homogenized areas, apart from the previously formed cross-cultural families </li></ul><ul><li>Economy has crumbled since the war </li></ul>
    18. 18. Post- War <ul><li>Violence hasn’t erupted since 2004; however, the mixing of ethnic groups isn’t has prominent </li></ul><ul><li>Separate city structures: city councils (2); mayors (2); post offices (2); schools systems (2); & health centers (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed city structures: bus station; police force; & public market (both sides shop on Wednesdays) </li></ul><ul><li>Main street has two names: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslim side: Mehmed Beg Stocanin (Muslim hero) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Croatian side: Kralj Tomislav (medival Croat king) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is typical with streets in the area </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Gornji Vakuf- Uskoplje Youth Center <ul><li>Founded: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spring 1996 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Location: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Middle of Gornji Vakuf, central Bosnia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formal front line where the war of Muslims & Croats fought </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Major Organizations Involved: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local NGO; National NGO; International NGO; & Local Leaders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Project for: UMCOR (United Methodist Committee on Relief); UNDP (U.N. Development Project) until 1997; and locals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Runs without government assistance, in order to work towards multi-culturalism </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~12 staff members & 15 volunteers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Director of Youth Center: Jasminka Drino-Kirlic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost of Operation: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Runs on ~7000 KM /month </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Gornji Vakuf- Uskoplje Youth Center Cont’d <ul><li>Goal: “Encourage youth to take major roles in peace building” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A location where students, teachers and parents can safely interact cross-culturally </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Target Demographic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>500+ 7-18 yr olds take part in the educational and recreational programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hours of Operation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9am-8pm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Although small in proximity, it has a “tight schedule of activities” </li></ul>
    21. 21. Programs Offered at Gornji Vakuf- Uskoplje Youth Center <ul><li>Some programs and courses offered at the center: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 Computer classes in computer lab for 10-17 yr olds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English & German </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drama </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict Resolution & Non-Violent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Currently, classes are intermixed </li></ul>

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