Leed The Basics

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This presentation is specifically tailored to the real estate community.
Are you a real estate broker representing a tenant interested in LEED certified space?
A building owner, who the broker calls on and doesn’t know if he can look at the deal?
The lender he calls to assemble the financing being asked to underwrite the sustainable improvements?
Whoever you are, we are all in this together.
This course will introduce you to the basic structure of LEED, the different rating systems and most importantly the framework and terminology to make you confident in the market. We will cover the issues to know, the questions to ask and when to ask them. LEED is truly an integrative process and each individual involved in the project has an influence on the final product.
You will learn, what you have to consider for LEED and when you need to do it.

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Leed The Basics

  1. 1. LEED – THE BASICS
  2. 2. Introduction2 Susann G ith S Geithner HSB Architects + Engineers Director of Sustainability y LEED AP O+M & BD+C NAIOP BOMA Guest Expert: LEEDUser com LEEDUser.com Robert Bajko HSB Architects + Engineers LEED AP ID +C AIA NCARB NAIOP BOMA
  3. 3. Why LEED? Why Now? y y3 Energy Star, LEED Tenants by Industry Type 2010
  4. 4. LEED vs. Non-LEED4 Average Rent since 2000
  5. 5. Market Shift5 LEED EBOM OM vs. LEED NC
  6. 6. LEED in Cleveland6 Gross SF Certified
  7. 7. LEED: Cleveland vs. Chicago g7 Cleveland Chicago Chi Energy Star 20 98 Buildings B ildi 46/M 35/M USGBC 55 264 Members 128/M 93/M LEED Certified 28 231 Projects 65/M 8 /M 81/M LEED Registered 109 501 Projects 252/M / 176/M Source: www.gbig.org M = Million People
  8. 8. The LEED Effect8 7% Higher 3% Higher 11-16% Higher Effective Rent ff Occupancy O Sales S l Price
  9. 9. 9 Content designnext.info d i ti f LEED Rating Agencies g g LEED Rating Systems Questions? Q ti ? LEED Structure Certification costs Certification Process LEED 2012 LEED Credential (LEED AP) Let’s recap
  10. 10. Before we start10 LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design USGBC U.S. Green Building Council GBCI Green Building Certification Institute LEED GALEED Green Associate LEED APLEED Accredited Professional HVAC Heating, Ventilating, Air-Conditioning ASHRAE American S i t of H ti R f i A i Society f Heating, Refrigeration and ti d Air-Conditioning Engineers ENERGY Energy Management Program thru EPA STAR
  11. 11. Rating Agencies – USGBC & GBCI g g11 Unites S U i States Green Building Council: Established 1993 G B ildi C il E bli h d LEED – Established 1998 > 1.4 Billion sqft certified commercial space 14 sqft. 16,000 Members / >22,000 Projects 160,000 LEED AP’s AP s Third party organization Administers LEEDAP accreditation Administers LEED certification process Ad i i tifi ti Green Building Certification Institute: Established 2008
  12. 12. 12 Content LEED Rating Agencies g g LEED Rating Systems LEED St t Structure Certification costs Certification Process LEED 2012 LEED Credential (LEED AP) Let s Let’s recap
  13. 13. 13 LEED Rating systems LEED Credentials LEED NC – New Construction LEED CS – Core & Shell LEED NC Retail LEED Schools LEED Health Care LEED for Homes and Mid-Rise LEED CI – Commercial Interior LEED CI Retail LEED EB O+M – Existing Buildings – Operations + Maintenance LEED ND Neighborhood Development
  14. 14. 14 LEED Rating systems LEED Credentials
  15. 15. 15 LEED Rating systems – LEED LEED NC – New Construction Does NOT Expire! 60 / 40 rule Owner Occupied >60% Owner New building construction or Major renovation project <40% Tenant Type T pe of Use Residential R id ti l > 6 levels > 60 % office, Warehouse, Manufacturing Other use
  16. 16. 17 LEED Rating systems LEED CS – Core & Shell Does NOT Expire! 60 / 40 rule Multi-Tenant Office Building Mostly Tenant Occupied >60% Tenant New building construction or Major renovation project <40% Owner PRECERTIFICATION 50% Tenant possible based Your choice on NC or CS intended credits 50% Owner 0% O
  17. 17. 90% Tenant 100% Tenant10% Owner
  18. 18. office tenantretail tenant hotel
  19. 19. 20 LEED Rating systems LEED NC Retail Does NOT Expire! 60 / 40 rule Owner Occupied >60% New building construction Retail/Owner or Major renovation project <40% Other Banks Merchandise Restaurants Spas
  20. 20. 21
  21. 21. LEED Rating system - Quiz g y It’s mostly office and bank, 40% office only a little bit of retail. LEED NC ? No banks belong to LEED NC 20% retail retail. il Than it’s 60% retail 40% banks LEED NC Retail ? Maybe. Is it owner occupied?Which one is it ? Not necessarily it’s mostly tenant necessarily, space. The tenants decide aboutNC – New Construction their build-out’s finishesCS – Core and ShellNC – Retail LEED CS !
  22. 22. 23 LEED Rating systems LEED for Schools Does NOT Expire! 60 / 40 rule Owner Occupied >60% K12 School or New building construction other schools or Major renovation project Other
  23. 23. 24 LEED Rating systems LEED for Healthcare Does NOT Expire! 60 / 40 rule Owner Occupied >60% Healthcare New building construction or Major renovation project <40% Other
  24. 24. 25 LEED Rating systems LEED for Homes and Mid-Rise Does NOT Expire! Rated by Owner O O Occupied i d LEED Homes Green Rater H G R New building construction NOT the GBCI or Major renovation project LEED Homes Private <4 levels Residence < 6 levels < 6 levels LEED Midrise Apartment Condo or Hotel
  25. 25. 26 LEED Rating systems Tenant or Owner Occupied Interior Build-Out Office NO major changes to building envelope g Manufacturing Assembly Does NOT Expire! Healthcare Schools LEED CI – Commercial Interior LEED CI Retail Stores of ANY kind Banks Restaurants Spas
  26. 26. <90% leased or owned by project owner AND <40% new building addition or major renovation of existing building (envelope, major HVAC)27
  27. 27. LEED Rating system - Quiz g y 7 level LEED Homes ? No, it’s more than 6 levels. 58% Residential LEED NC Retail ? Maybe. Is it owner occupied? 42% Retail Yes, the retail area is NoWhich one is it ? LEED NC Retail, is an option since it’s more LEED CS, it’sNC – R il Retail mostly tenants than 40%NC – New ConstructionLEED Homes You can also use LEED NC since it’s aLEED Mid-Rise high rise residentialCS – Core and Shell
  28. 28. 29 LEED Rating systems LEED EB O+M – Existing Buildings – Operations + Maintenance Existing Building Undergoing Improvements or Mixed Use No C N Constructioni High Rise Office Residential Retail DOES Expire! LEED O+M LEED O+M After 5 Years Medical Existing building, Office Space renovating < 40% of it’s ALL Use Types or façade and upgrade Clinic Cli i some HVAC equipment i LEED O+M LEED O+M
  29. 29. 30 LEED Rating systems LEED EB O+M – Existing Buildings – Operations + Maintenance Existing Building Undergoing Improvements Certification based on or Performance Period: No C N Constructioni Initial duration: 3-12 months; DOES Expire! Recertification: 12 months After 5 Years Establish goals/policies before and track during performance period ALL Use Types
  30. 30. Existing building under Existing building under going improvements going improvements Office tenants and Owner occupied some retail31
  31. 31. 32 LEED Rating systems LEED ND Neighborhood Development New development Requires future building Req ires f t re b ilding owners and or retrofits to be infill with or without existing buildings more energy and water efficient Requires or encourages mixed use Does NOT Expire! developments with walkable and public transit oriented infrastructure Two Building Minimum Use appropriate sites: up to no wetlands, floodplain or natural 320 Acres habitats
  32. 32. 33 LEED Portfolio / Volume program LEED NC - New Construction & Major Renovations LEED CI / NC for Retail LEED CI - Commercial Interior Minimum of 25 certifications under the same system within 3 years. Establish l E bl h pilot project as your standard. d d Commit to implementation in future projects Streamlines certification process LEED EBOM - Existing Buildings – Operation & Maintenance Certification does expire minimum of 25 certification within 3 years ongoing verification of compliance Ensures recertification
  33. 33. Construction within 3 years LEED NC Volume program
  34. 34. 35 Certification within 3 years LEED EBOM Volume program
  35. 35. Questions?36
  36. 36. 37 Content LEED Rating Agencies LEED Rating Systems LEED SStructure Certification costs Certification Process LEED 2012 LEED Credential (LEED AP) Let’s L t’ recap
  37. 37. LEED Structure –Certification Levels38 40-49 points 50-59 points 60-79 points >80 points 21 22 30 5 Office, retail or industrial certified LEED project in Ohio excluding interior projects ff f An additional 134 projects registered in Ohio
  38. 38. 39 LEED Structure Minimum P j t R Mi i Project Requirements (MPR) i t Required for every LEED Project The same for every rating system Prerequisites Ma da o y Mandatory Required for every LEED Project Varies by Rating System Selective Credits Minimum of 40 Points for Certification Credit Selection up to Project Team
  39. 39. 40 LEED Structure Minimum P j t R Mi i Project Requirements (MPR) i t Required for every LEED Project The same for every rating system Sustainable Sit S t i bl Site Water Efficiency Prerequisites Energy & Environment Required for every LEED Project Varies by Rating System Materials & Resources Environmental Quality Credits Minimum of 40 Points for Certification Innovation and Design Credit Selection up to Project Team Regional Priority
  40. 40. Overview Checklist41 Example shown is LEED for Commercial Interiors
  41. 41. 42 ContentLEED Rating AgenciesLEED Rating Systems LEED StructureCertification costs Minimum Project RequirementsCertification Process CategoriesLEED 2012 PrerequisitesLEED Credential (LEED AP)Let’s recap Credit points
  42. 42. Minimum Project Requirements j q43 Must comply with environmental laws Must be a building Must M t use a reasonable site boundary bl it b d Can’t be too small Must comply with minimum occupancy rates Must allow USGBC Access to whole-Building Energy and Water Usage Data Must comply with a minimum building area to site ratio
  43. 43. MPR – Project Boundary: LEED CS j y44 Must use a reasonable site boundary One project = one owner Areas used by owner/occupant = Project boundary( not necessary property line) New Construction Existing building
  44. 44. MPR – Project Boundary: LEED CI j y45
  45. 45. MPR – Minimum occupancy rates p y46 Must comply with minimum occupancy rates py p y 1 FTE (Full-Time Employee) Minimum Mi i Parking garage Not eligible!
  46. 46. MPR –Minimum Occupancy Rates: LEED EB O+M47 Occupancy rate 80.00% 70.00% 50% occupied 60.00% LEED EB O+M 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Aug-09 Sep-09 Oct-09 Nov-09 Dec-09 Jan-10 Feb-10 Mar-10 Apr-10 May-10 Jun-10 Jul-10 Aug-10 Sep-10 Occupancy rate
  47. 47. MPR – Energy and Water Consumption Reporting48 All projects are required t report annual water and energy consumption t th j t i d to t l t d ti to the USGBC for 5 years starting with certification date LEED CI projects with no metering for the space in place are exempted p j g p p p Electricity Consumption Must be carried over 350,000 350 000 with change of 300,000 ownership or lessee 250,000 200,000 150,000 150 000 100,000 50,000 0 Feb-07 May-07 Aug-07 Nov-07 Feb-08 May-08 Aug-08 Nov-08 Feb-09 Consumption
  48. 48. 49 ContentLEED Rating AgenciesLEED Rating Systems LEED StructureCertification costs Minimum Project RequirementsCertification Process CategoriesLEED 2012LEED Credential (LEED AP) PrerequisitesLet’s recap Credit points
  49. 49. LEED Structure - Prerequisites q50 Required for every LEED project, vary based on Rating system
  50. 50. Prerequisites – Water Efficiency (WE)51 Consider fixtures all rating systems ll i outside of the tenant space 20% Water Use Reduction below Code New building: Select low flow fixtures 3-20% Investment Existing building: Replace plumbing fixtures $$ - $$$ costs !!
  51. 51. 52
  52. 52. Prerequisites – Energy and Atmosphere (EA)53 all rating systems Commissioning Agent - Third party engineer g g p y g Commissioning of building system (HVAC, domestic hot water, lighting) $0.4 - $1 per sf CFC free refrigerants $0 per sf IT-room IT room conditioner have to comply too
  53. 53. Prerequisites – Energy and Atmosphere (EA)54 HVAC efficiency, LEED NC, CS, NC Retail, Schools, Health Care lighting controls Be 10% better than the standard ASHRAE 90.1-2007 Be better than the standard ASHRAE 90.1-2007: - Lighting fixtures and controls $ - $$ - HVAC efficiency $$ - $$$ - insulation $$ - building automation system $$ LEED EBOM Energy S rating of 69 or hi h E Star i f higher 50% Energy Star rated office LEED CI, CI Retail equipment including desktop PCs, monitors, printer, fridge
  54. 54. Prerequisites – Material & Resources (MR)55 all rating systems ll ti t Building recycling program (including glass and metal)
  55. 55. Prerequisites – Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)56 all rating systems ll i No Smoking! Indoor Air Quality 25 ft Entry Increased outside air required per Check early in detail for occupant compliance or it gets expensive Outdoor air requirements for existing buildings $$ - $$$
  56. 56. 57 ContentLEED Rating AgenciesLEED Rating Systems LEED StructureCertification costs Minimum Project RequirementsCertification Process CategoriesLEED 2012 PrerequisitesLEED Credential (LEED AP)Let’s recap Credit points
  57. 57. LEED Structure - Credit points p58
  58. 58. LEED Structure - Credit points p59 Percentage based Meet prescriptive credit requirements All or nothing
  59. 59. Credit Points: Sustainable Site (SS)60 Bicycle racks Don’t over park Community connectivity
  60. 60. Credit Points: Water Efficiency (WE)61 Water efficient irrigation Water efficient fixtures
  61. 61. Credit Points: Energy & Atmosphere (EA)62 Electricity Consumption 350,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 Feb-07 May-07 Aug-07 Nov-07 Feb-08 May-08 Aug-08 Nov-08 Feb-09 Consumption Occupancy sensor
  62. 62. Credit Points: Materials & Resources (MR)63 Cork - Renewable materials Recycled content in new furniture Construction waste recycling
  63. 63. Credit Points: Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)64 Separate ventilation during construction View to the outside MERV 13 filter in air intake
  64. 64. Credit Points: Innovation and Design Process & Regional Priority Credits65 Regional Priority Waste W t Recycling over 75% ID Exemplary Performance Waste Recycling over 95% 95% ES equipment cational Program Educ
  65. 65. LEED points in the Cleveland area p66
  66. 66. 67 Content LEED Rating Agencies LEED Rating Systems LEED SStructure Certification costs Certification Process LEED 2012 LEED Credential (LEED AP) Let’s L t’ recap
  67. 67. Costs – Hard68 0 – 0.5% 2% 5 – 9% > 10% Percentage increase in cost to standard construction if LEED is implemented early in the process
  68. 68. Costs – Soft69 Project Registration with GBCI $900 Review fees with GBCI Minimum Review Fee M $2,500 $2 00 For Projects < 50,000 SF Review Fee for Projects: 5ct/SF $5,000 For Example: 100,000 SF Project Maximum Review Fee $25,000 Even if P j t exceeds 500 000 SF E Projects d 500,000 Consultant Fees Varies by Project Energy Modeling E M d l Type & Si T Size Commissioning LEED Documentation
  69. 69. 70 ContentLEED Rating AgenciesLEED Rating SystemsLEED StructureCertification tC tifi ti costs Certification ProcessLEED 2012 Project Owner/Manager – T D P j O /M To-DoLEED Credential (LEED AP) LEED ReviewLet’s recap
  70. 70. Project Owner / Manager To-Do j g71Project Design / Construction phase FinishedStart Up construction d t ti document t construction t ti Location selection Evaluate the building‘s HVAC for LEED Start consumption reporting Evaluate existing plumbing fixtures Determine certification goal and check prerequisites Lease Support Engage commissioning agent g g g g documentation Introduce Construction company to LEED process and requirementsLEED investigation for typical interior build-out Checklist LEED Credit Check CommissioningLEED Management Project Design Construction registration Review Review LEED certification
  71. 71. Process – LEED Review72 Design / Construction phase Finished construction d document t ti construction Clarification, , Preliminary Reply to review Final P li i Review comments Review 25 business days 25 business days 15 business days Project Design Construction registration Review Review LEED certification
  72. 72. 73 ContentLEED Rating AgenciesLEED Rating SystemsLEED StructureCertification tC tifi ti costsCertification Process LEED 2012LEED Credential (LEED AP) Rating system developmentLet’s recap Credits & Prerequisites Changes
  73. 73. LEED 2012 - Rating system development74 LEED Version 1 New rating Pilot system version LEED Version 2 V i LEED 2009 (Version 3) Pilot credit Started fall 2009 LEED 2012 Draft – 1. Public comment period LEED 2012 Draft – 2. Public comment period; ended Sept 16th (LEED 2012 Draft – 3. Public comment period) LEED 2012 Starts Fall 2012
  74. 74. LEED 2012 – Credits & Prerequisites q75 LEED 2009 LEED 2012 3 Prerequisites 1 Prerequisite Proposed 6 Credits and 3 specific to 8 Credits Health Care Proposed Material & Resource Category
  75. 75. LEED 2012 – Changes g76 New Category Integrative Design Process New Prerequisites Landscape water use reduction for any vegetated area Process and appliance water consumption: for dishwasher, pre-rinse spray valves, ice machines, cloth washer New Credits Adopting and tracking cost-effective measures Walkable site: pedestrian walkways, orientation to public areas and connection to those instead of parking Life cycle costs for materials
  76. 76. 77 ContentLEED Rating AgenciesLEED Rating SystemsLEED StructureCertification tC tifi ti costsCertification ProcessLEED 2012 LEED Credential (LEED AP)Let’s recap Path to becoming a LEED AP Continued Education
  77. 77. Path to becoming a LEED AP g78 Step 1: LEED Green Associate Register and submit eligibility documentation www.gbci.org Schedule exam online prometric test Eligibility: center (CSU and in Strongsville) -Project experience P j i -Sustainable field of work -Education program Take the test: Results will be given to you g y 2 hr multiple choice test fees immediately after test LEED Green Associate text book LEED Preparation - www.greenexamprep.com
  78. 78. Path to becoming a LEED AP g79 Step 1: LEED Green Associate Step 2: LEED AP Eligibility: Eligibility: -Project experience P j i -Eligible with LEED project experience Eli ibl i h j i -Sustainable field of work (registered project) within last 3 years -Education program 2 hr multiple choice test fees 2 h multiple choice test fees LEED AP text book t tb k LEED Green Associate text book LEED Preparation - www.greenexamprep.com
  79. 79. LEED APs in the Cleveland area80
  80. 80. Continuing Education: How t H to maintain your LEED AP credential i t i d ti l81 LEED GA LEED AP 15 CE hours 30 CE hours Every 2 years E every e er 2 years ears Professional Development courses New Certificates, professional licenses, and credentials Live presentations p Committee and volunteer work Self-study Authorship LEED Project participation College and university courses
  81. 81. Who can help to achieve this?Essex Place in IndependenceBuilding Sq. Ft.: 69,442 office spaceBuilt 2002
  82. 82. 83 Content LEED Rating Agencies LEED Rating Systems LEED SStructure Certification costs Certification Process LEED 2012 LEED Credential (LEED AP) Let’s L t’ recap
  83. 83. Let’s recap! p84 1. B b d S 1 Bob and Susann are LEED … A – Certified B – Accredited C - Certifiable 2. The US Green Building Council (USGBC) certifies buildings and reviews LEED certifications. A – True B – False
  84. 84. Let’s recap! p85 3. 3 How many different LEED AP credentials are there? A–3 B–4 C-5 4. A construction of a new building with different tenants, more than 60% office and a little bit of retail, residential and underground parking. What rating system is most appropriate for the g y pp p project? A – LEED NC C – LEED CI B – LEED CS D – it’s not certifiable, because it includes parking
  85. 85. Let’s recap! p86 5. A tenant can certify an individual space without having the building itself certified. A – True B – False 6. What do you have to do after y g the LEED y you get plaque? A – Nothing B – Report how much waste gets recycled C–R Report water and energy consumption t t d ti D – Have to recertify the building in 5 years
  86. 86. Let’s recap! p87 7. 7 If your tenant is not leasing the restrooms you don’t restrooms, don t need to consider the plumbing fixtures for the LEED certification. A – True B – False 8. Whil 8 While selecting a b ildi for your client the l i building f li h following criteria should be considered for LEED certification: A – LEED certified building D – Development density B – P i it t public t Proximity to bli transportation t ti E – Fit Fitness C t Center C – Designated Car Pool Parking F – All of the Above
  87. 87. Let’s recap! p88 9. 9 I own a building and want to get it LEED certified. certified What is my first step to get there? A – Order green paint C – Hire a green cleaning company B – Implement recycling D- Collect energy consumption data 10. Certifying a space as LEED Gold costs on average … g A – 20-25% more B – 10-12% more 10 12% C – 5-9% more
  88. 88. Let’s recap! p89 11. U d 11 Under LEED 2009 what standards must the h t t d d t th buildings HVAC comply with? A – ASHRAE standard of year the building was built. B – Most current ASHRAE standard C – ASHRAE 2007 D – ASHRAE 2009 12. LEED is … A – making my building prettier C – crazy talk B – pretty complicated D – a torture tool for contractors
  89. 89. Congratulations! g90 Thanks you for participating! The LEED ® green building certification program is the nationally accepted benchmark for the design, construction, and operation of green buildings. LEED and the related logo is a trademark owned by the U.S. Green Building Council.

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