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AEA Presentation - Zurich Alliance for Community Flood Resilience


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Presentation at the American Evaluation Association conference, Chicago 2015, on the Zurich Alliance for Community Flood Resilience, a partnership between the Zurich Insurance Group, the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), the Wharton Business School’s Risk Management and Decision Processes Center, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), and the NGO Practical Action. Highlights key lessons for the development of a flood resilience measurement standard to measure and assess the impact of community based flood resilience interventions, demonstrating the benefits of pre-event risk reduction.

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AEA Presentation - Zurich Alliance for Community Flood Resilience

  1. 1. Evaluating Resilience: Partnering to Measure Complexity AEA – November 2015 – Chicago  Scott Chaplowe – International Federation of Red Cross and Crescent Societies (IFRC), Geneva.  Colin McQuistan – Practical Action, Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction, United Kingdom,  Karen Campbell – University of Pennsylvania, Wharton Center for Risk and Decision Processes, Philadelphia  Adriana Keating – International Institute of Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Vienna  Michael Szoenyi – Zurich Insurance Company LTD, Zurich
  2. 2. Knowledge for action Technical InnovationGlobal Reach - Community presence - Scale and reach - Influence and advocacy - Research and modeling - Influence - Scientific credibility - Small and agile - Innovation and ideas piloting - Solutions catalogue Catalyze - Risk engineering - Financial resources - Influence and advocacy Methodologies&tools Innovation & Technical Advice Zurich Alliance for Community Flood Resilience Applying complementary skills in a synergystic alliance 2
  3. 3. Comprehensive approach to measure sources of resilience 𝑟4 Resilience • Robustness • Redundancy • Resourcefulness • Rapidity 𝑐5 3
  4. 4. Category Sources Grading Human Capital 16 Sources of resilience; each contains one or several “R”s A, B, C or D Social Capital 33 .. Natural Capital 6 .. Physical Capital 16 .. Financial Capital 17 .. Resilience Score • Measurement principles • Hazard & Risk Engineering & Risk Management expertise • Household & community level data gathering Example of assessment summary 4
  5. 5. Example of Assessment of a Source based on data from a household baseline data process Source of resilience: Livelihood stability A (Strength) D (Growth area) Households have ability to maintain income stream via one or more livelihood strategies. Households have no livelihood continuity strategy in the case of flood. Baseline question If your main economic activity is affected by floods, what other form of income do you have? Grading A B C D Percent of community with alternative income strategy >75 % >50 % >25 % ≤25 % 5
  6. 6. Data gathering Input in Resilience Measuring Tool Assess Sources based on data Analyze sources for strengths and weaknesses Communicate back to stakeholders to help inform planning Overview of the process 6
  7. 7. National expert Data collection methods Local expert opinion Focal group Household interview Community data 7
  8. 8. Principles and Influences for Data collection: Influenced by the values and perceptions of the different groups. Therefore, representation of potentially marginalized groups is essential. Colleting data from a women's group will require different approaches and skills versus collecting data from a school class. 8
  9. 9.  Technology = enable manageable data of 5 capitals and 88 sources for the targeted community.  Helps standardize the process of data collection.  Mobile data collection allows local partners to more efficiently define what to measure and participate in this.  Compliment each of the data collection methods:  Household interview  Community group  Key informant  Interest/focal group  3rd Party source Utilizing Technology 9
  10. 10. Is resilience building the same for all communities? NO – Resilience measures inform a planning process that accounts for the needs, builds on specific strengths and seeks to improve areas of weakness 10
  11. 11. Current community & research is looking at flood risk in different locations and settings Rural community flood resilience programs in region of Tabasco, Mexico Urban & Rural community flood resilience programs in West Java, Indonesia Urban & rural community flood resilience programs in Lima & Piura, Peru Study of flood insurance and mitigation behaviors in New York , USA Post Event Review of the Central European Floods in June 2013 Recurrent flooding & livelihoods program in Bangladesh Flash floods & Early Warning System Analysis in Koshi & Karnali river basins, Nepal Urban flood resilience programs Haiti Rural flood resilience programs Afghanistan Remote mountain communities flash floods in Timor Leste 11
  12. 12. Thank you! For further information:   lood_Resilience.en.html  Contact:   12