Gasson Waters ALN Workshop Presentation 2007

538 views

Published on

"How (not) to construct ALN course questions that encourage student participation in peer collaboration and knowledge construction" Presentation at ALN Workshop, HICSS 2007.

Published in: Education, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
538
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Gasson Waters ALN Workshop Presentation 2007

  1. 1. How (not) to construct ALN course questions that encourage student participation in peer collaboration and knowledge construction<br />Susan Gasson & Jim Waters<br />The iSchool at Drexel<br />College of Information Science and Technology<br />Drexel University<br />Philadelphia<br />sgasson@ischool.drexel.edu and jw65@drexel.edu<br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />
  2. 2. Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />… but questions are questions, surely? - what is different about online settings ?<br />1 raised hand = 20 emails<br />Negotiating the meaning of question may take several iterations<br />Physical isolation leads to inertia (lurking) – need peer thought leaders to generate momentum<br />Greater potential for reflection and deeper debate over a longer time period, lets exploit that<br />
  3. 3. Know your cohort<br />Domain knowledge (Achilles tendon) <br />Need to identify thought-leaders<br />Facilitation, moderation, reconciliation<br />Challenging<br />Social facilitation<br />Balance between democratic debate, clique behavior and tumbleweeds<br />Identification with group aims and behavior<br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />
  4. 4. Good , bad or average ?<br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />
  5. 5. Good , bad or average? II<br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />
  6. 6. Good Question<br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />
  7. 7. Average Question<br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />
  8. 8. Bad Question<br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />
  9. 9. Good questions tended to be<br />First question in the week<br />Early weeks better than later weeks<br />Open questions but bounded<br />Permitted students to call upon their personal experience with IT or organizations <br />Permitted many ways to approach the issues.<br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />
  10. 10. Bad questions tended to be<br />Following a highly-interactive question<br />Cognitively complex (containing multiple parts that needed to be considered in turn), <br />Overly abstract, so students could not draw on their personal experience. <br />Questions set in later weeks were much less interactive and constructive across the class than questions set in earlier weeks. <br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />
  11. 11. A Checklist For Question Design<br />Does the question structure relate clearly to course content (explicit knowledge domain learning goals as perceived by students) - i.e. what do they think they are there to learn?<br />Does the question knowledge domain relate clearly to students&apos; professional interests - i.e. does answering this question move them nearer to accomplishing their career/job goal?<br />Does the question knowledge domain draw on either (a) students&apos; prior experience, or (b) students&apos; vicarious experience (communicated through course readings or discussion) - i.e. do students have the expertise or experience to answer the question?<br />Does the question structure reflect a single knowledge domain, with a single problem-solving goal - i.e. is there a single problem to be solved (or a set of aligned/incremental sub-problems relating to a single knowledge domain), or have you presented students with multiple, incompatible problems or knowledge domains to reconcile?<br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />
  12. 12. Conclusions<br />Try to draw on the cohort’s experience<br />Identify student learning objectives and interests<br />Identify thought leaders early in the course and encourage these to participate heavily in later weeks<br />Set questions that are open but bounded<br />Provide strong background material for students to read<br />Intervene when necessary - but keep watching the skies<br />Be prepared to change the question if it is failing to engage students …<br />… students, like politicians may often change the question themselves …<br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />
  13. 13. Related References<br />Waters, J. &apos;Social Network Behavior, Thought-Leaders and Knowledge Building In An Online Learning Community&apos;, Proceedings of  Hawaii Intl. Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-41), Knowledge Management Track, Jan. 2008. <br />Gasson, S. and Waters, J. “How (not) to construct ALN course questions that encourage student participation in peer collaboration and knowledge construction,” 40th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Hawaii, January 2007.<br />Waters, J., and Gasson, S. &quot;Social Engagement in an Online Community of Inquiry,&quot; 27th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), Milwaukee WI, 2006.<br />Waters, J. “Determinants of Engagement in an Online Community of Inquiry,” The 12th Sloan-C International Conference on Online Learning, November 2006, http://www.sloanconsortium.org/conference/proceedings/2006/ppt/1162852287092.pot<br />Waters, J., and Gasson, S. &quot;Strategies Employed By Participants In Virtual Learning Communities,&quot; Hawaii Intl. Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-38), Collaboration Systems and Technology track, IEEE Software Society, Manua, Hawaii, January 2005, 2005, p. 3b.<br />A full list of publications, with full copies of articles, is available at http://www.pages.drexel.edu/~jw65/publications.htm<br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />
  14. 14. Credits<br />Dr. Susan Gasson<br />MBA, PhD from University of Warwick (Warwick Business School), UK. Prior to that, she worked in systems design , IS management, and IS software architecture consultancy. <br />Researches collaborative processes of design, problem-solving, learning. <br />Associate Professor at Drexel University, Philadelphia (USA). <br />Involved in online education since 2000(!).<br />Jim Waters<br />Received a BA in Psychology at Warwick University, UK (1979), an MSc in Occupational Psychology at the University of Hertfordshire, UK (1991) and a MS in Information Systems at the College of IS&T at Drexel University (2002).  Prior to that. He enjoyed a  substantial career in systems design, management and IS consultancy.<br />Doctoral Candidate at the iSchool at Drexel University, graduating Summer 2009. Principal research interests lie in Online Collaborative Knowledge Building, Technology-Supported Learning, Student Role-Behavior in Online Learning Communities and HCI. <br />This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. IIS-0347595. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.  <br />Copyright (c) Susan Gasson & James Waters, 2007.. ALN Workshop, 40th Hawaii International Conf. on System Sciences, Jan. 2007<br />

×