Who is jesus christ 2011


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Presented by Rev Fr. Michael Chua on 7.8.2011 at SFX-PJ-RCIA

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Who is jesus christ 2011

  1. 1. Who is Jesus Christ? Rite of Christian Initiation
  2. 2. Who is God? <ul><li>False Images of God </li></ul><ul><li>Revelation – General & Specific </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of God </li></ul><ul><li>A Relational God </li></ul><ul><li>God and Suffering </li></ul><ul><li>How do we speak of God? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>In times past, God spoke in partial and various ways to our ancestors through the prophets; in these last days, he spoke to us through a son … Heb 1:1ff </li></ul><ul><li>JESUS CHRIST </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>What is the single most important thing that distinguishes Christianity from all other religions? </li></ul><ul><li>It is not a thing. It is a Person. It is JESUS CHRIST, or rather our understanding and belief of who Jesus Christ is to us and to the world. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Significance of Jesus in Human History <ul><li>Modern Calendar begins with his birth </li></ul><ul><li>2.5 Billion Christians (1.2 Billion Catholics) </li></ul><ul><li>Values of Civilisation – Freedom, Equality, Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Bible – most read book </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who is Jesus of Nazareth? <ul><li>Born in Bethlehem – 7-2 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Grew up in Nazareth </li></ul><ul><li>Began public life – 30 years (Luke 3:23) </li></ul><ul><li>3 years ministry (Gospel of John) </li></ul><ul><li>Died in Jerusalem – Crucifixion – 30 – 31 AD </li></ul><ul><li>After 3 days rose from dead </li></ul><ul><li>After 40 days – ascended to heaven </li></ul>
  8. 8. What are the titles of Jesus Christ ?
  9. 9. Jesus and his disciples left for the villages round Caesarea Philippi. On the way he put this question to his disciples, 'Who do people say I am?' And they told him, 'John the Baptist, others Elijah, others again, one of the prophets.' 'But you,' he asked them, 'who do you say I am?' Peter spoke up and said to him, 'You are the Christ.' And he gave them strict orders not to tell anyone about him. Mark 8:27-30
  10. 10. The Great Christological Question Who do you say I am? Mk 8:27-30; Mt 16:13-20; Lk 9:18-21 (Jn 6:68-69)
  11. 11. The Answer <ul><li>“ You are the Messiah” (Mk 8:29) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Christ of God” (Lk 9:20) </li></ul><ul><li>“ You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God” (Mt 16:16) </li></ul><ul><li>“ You are the Holy One of God” (Jn 6:69) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tension between Polarities Jesus of History Christ of Faith Christology from Below Christology from Above Jesus Fully Human Jesus Fully Divine
  13. 13. Jesus יֵשׁוּעַ
  14. 14. Christ Χριστός
  15. 15. Son of Man υἱὸς τοὺ ἀνθρώπου
  16. 16. Son of God υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ
  17. 17. Lord Κυριός
  18. 18. Reasons for development in Post-biblical Christology <ul><li>Inquisitive mind </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge of dissident opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Inculturation – communicating across cultural </li></ul>
  19. 19. Christological Spectrum Jesus is man not God Jesus is God not man Adoptionist, Arians Gnosticism, Docetism
  20. 20. Christological Heresies Docetism Arianism Nestorianism Ebionitism Appollinarism Euthycism
  21. 21. The 4 Ecumenical Councils <ul><li>Council of Nicea 325 AD </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Council of Constantinople 381 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Ephesus 431 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Chalcedon 451 AD </li></ul>
  22. 22. 3 Dogmatic Components of Chalcedon <ul><li>Jesus is Divine </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus is Human </li></ul><ul><li>The Divine and the Human are United in One Person </li></ul>
  23. 23. Christological Criteria <ul><li>Jesus is fully divine, fully human and the divine and human are united in one person, Jesus Christ. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no radical separation between the Jesus of History and the Christ of Faith. Jesus Christ is “for us” is who Jesus Christ “is” </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus’ Life, death and resurrection are redemptive. He is the unique & universal Saviour of the World! </li></ul>
  24. 24. Theology of Salvation
  25. 25. Some Modern Christological controversies <ul><li>Old Heresies in new garb, e.g. Jehovah Witnesses, LDS, Gnosticism, Unitarians </li></ul><ul><li>Syncretism – Unification, Baha’i, ISKCON </li></ul><ul><li>Relativism – New age spirituality, ideological pluralism </li></ul>