ARK OF THE COVENANT1. Moses and the Israelites2. King Solomon and Temple3. Fathers of the Church: TypesOvershadowArk of OT and NTLuke-Samuel ParallelsBook of Revelation
(a) OvershadowLuke 1:35: Angel Gabriel tells Mary:“…and the power of the Most High willovershadow you."“Overshadow" (Greek word "episkiasei")= bright cloud of glory (the transfiguration)Hebrew Scriptures: Shekinah Glory= the visible Presence of God dwelt in theHoly of Holies above the Ark of the C.A parallel between Gods presence in theSanctuary and in Mary.
In the Old Testament, the Ark of the Covenant,overshadowed by the Spirit of God,was the instrument through which God came to dwell among men; In the New Testament, Mary, overshadowed by the Holy Spirit,is the instrument through which God came to dwell among men.She is the Ark of the New Covenant.
(b) OT-NT Parallel The Ark contained: 1. Budding Rod of Aaron - symbolizing the Priesthood 2. Manna-symbolizing food for the journey to the Promised Land 3. Stone Tablets of The Ten Commandments - for the Law of God
Mary as the New Ark of TheNew Covenant contained Jesus. 1. Jesus is the High Priest of the new Priesthood - Heb.7:113. Jesus is Eucharist, food for the ultimate journey - Jn.6:54 2. Jesus is the new Law - Heb.7:12
The Ark of the The Ark of theCovenant New Covenant, Mary•The word of God •The Word, Christ Jesus-- the stone tabletsinscribed with theDecalogue•Aarons rod that •Our Lord, Who rose again on the"came back to life" third dayand sprouted•Manna, the •The Savior, Who said " This is theHeavenly bread bread which came down from heaven--not as your fathers ate the manna, and are dead. He who eats this bread will live forever." (John 6:52-58)
St. Luke clearly wanted us to seeMary as the New Ark in that, inspiredby GodHe parallels many of his verses withthose used to describe the Ark of theCovenant in the Old Testament.Compare, for example, Lukes wordswith 2 Samuel 6 below:
2 Samuel 6:2 Luke 1:39And David arose, and And Mary arosewent with all the in those days,people that were with and went intohim from Baale of the hill countryJudah, to bring up with haste, into afrom thence the ark of city of JudaGod, whose name iscalled by the name ofthe LORD of hosts thatdwelleth between thecherubims.
2 Samuel 6:9 Luke 1:43And David was And whence isafraid of the LORD this to me, that thethat day, and said, mother of my LordHow shall the ark should come toof the LORD come me?to me?
2 Samuel 6:11 Luke 1:56 AndAnd the ark of Mary abodethe LORD with her aboutcontinued in the three months...house ofObededom theGittite threemonths...
2 Samuel 6:16 Luke 1:41And as the ark of the And it came to pass,LORD came into the that, when Elisabethcity of David, Michal heard the salutationSauls daughter of Mary, the babelooked through a leaped in her womb;window, and saw and Elisabeth wasking David leaping filled with the Holyand dancing before Spiritthe LORD [HisPresence over theArk]
d) Revelations Just before the vision of the New Eve in Revelations 12, we read "and the temple of God saw opened in heaven, and there was seen the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings,and an earthquake, and great hail" (11:19).