The uniqueness of the catholic church 2013


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Presented at SFX-PJ-RCIA 2013/2014

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  • I was trying to develop a session about Catholic Church and searching for the resources and coincidentally met with this one. Thank Holy spirit for guiding me to this beautiful presentation. May God bless you the people behind in making such a comprehensive presentation explaining our Holy church in a beautiful manner.
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  • Ephesians 2:19-22
    19 Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and strangers, but fellow citizens with God’s people and also members of his household, 20 built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the chief cornerstone. 21 In him the whole building is joined together and rises to become a holy temple in the Lord. 22 And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in which God lives by his Spirit.
  • The Church - instituted by Christ Jesus
    763 It was the Son's task to accomplish the Father's plan of salvation in the fullness of time. Its accomplishment was the reason for his being sent.160 "The Lord Jesus inaugurated his Church by preaching the Good News, that is, the coming of the Reign of God, promised over the ages in the scriptures."161 To fulfill the Father's will, Christ ushered in the Kingdom of heaven on earth. The Church "is the Reign of Christ already present in mystery."162
    764 "This Kingdom shines out before men in the word, in the works and in the presence of Christ."163 To welcome Jesus' word is to welcome "the Kingdom itself."164 The seed and beginning of the Kingdom are the "little flock" of those whom Jesus came to gather around him, the flock whose shepherd he is.165 They form Jesus' true family.166 To those whom he thus gathered around him, he taught a new "way of acting" and a prayer of their own.167
    765 The Lord Jesus endowed his community with a structure that will remain until the Kingdom is fully achieved. Before all else there is the choice of the Twelve with Peter as their head.168 Representing the twelve tribes of Israel, they are the foundation stones of the new Jerusalem.169 The Twelve and the other disciples share in Christ's mission and his power, but also in his lot.170 By all his actions, Christ prepares and builds his Church.
    766 The Church is born primarily of Christ's total self-giving for our salvation, anticipated in the institution of the Eucharist and fulfilled on the cross. "The origin and growth of the Church are symbolized by the blood and water which flowed from the open side of the crucified Jesus."171 "For it was from the side of Christ as he slept the sleep of death upon the cross that there came forth the 'wondrous sacrament of the whole Church.'"172 As Eve was formed from the sleeping Adam's side, so the Church was born from the pierced heart of Christ hanging dead on the cross.173
  • The first and original church
  • A more complete description can be found in the Catholic Encyclopedia entry Encyclical:
    "According to its etymology, an encyclical (from the Greek egkyklios, kyklos meaning a circle) is nothing more than a circular letter. In modern times, usage has confined the term almost exclusively to certain papal documents which differ in their technical form from the ordinary style of either Bulls or Briefs, and which in their superscription are explicitly addressed to the patriarchs, primates, archbishops, and bishops of the Universal Church in communion with the Apostolic See. By exception, encyclicals are also sometimes addressed to the archbishops and bishops of a particular country."
  • for "the prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective" (James. 5:16)
    Luke 15:7,10 – if the angels and saints experience joy in heaven over our repentance, then they are still connected to us and are aware of our behavior
  • The Pope is advised by the College of Cardinals.
    The Cardinals are usually Archbishops of large Metropolitan areas.
    Hebrew 13:17 – Obey your leaders and submit to them, for they are keeping watch over your souls and will give you an account. Let them do it with joy and not with sighing- for that would be harmful to you.
  • CCC 85 “The task of giving an authentic interpretation of the Word of God, whether in its written form or in the form of Tradition, has been entrusted to the living teaching office of the Church alone. Its authority in this matter is exercised in the name of Jesus Christ.” This means that the task of interpretation has been entrusted to the bishops in communion with the successor of Peter, the Bishop of Rome;
    The Teachings are authoritative and binding and infallible.
    2 Tim 1: 12-14
    Basic fabric that held and continues to hold the church together is obedience.
    The Joke on how to address the priest, bishop, cardinal, pope and God?
  • Romans 12: 5 – One Body in Christ
    1 Cor 11:17- One Bread One Body
    1 Cor 12:12 – body is one has many members, many members of one body.
    1 Cor 12:13 In one spirit we are baptised into one body- drink of one spirit
  • ROMANS 3:23 For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God.
    Proverbs 15:3 - The eyes of the LORD are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good
    Hebrew 12 : 14 Strive for peace with all men, and for the holiness without which no one will see the Lord.
  • Traditions & rituals its richness and not just a show!
  • “You are to be called Cephas” – Jesus to Peter in John 1:42
    Cephas in Aramaic (language spoken in Jesus’ time and by Jesus) = Rock and translated in english to mean “Peter”
  • Big T tradition is the word of God in non-biblical revelation. For example, the non-biblical revelation of Mary's assumption into heaven. We believe it just as if it was plainly written in the Bible.
    "small t" traditions - this is the way we use the word in everyday English - little rituals and actions that have particular meaning for particular groups of people. Everything from eating lahtkes on Channukah or goose on Christmas to May processions and Christmas creches. Things that give richness to our observances but aren't doctrinal.
  • How can Sola Sciptura Stand?
  • CCC 85 “The task of giving an authentic interpretation of the Word of God, whether in its written form or in the form of Tradition, has been entrusted to the living teaching office of the Church alone. Its authority in this matter is exercised in the name of Jesus Christ.” This means that the task of interpretation has been entrusted to the bishops in communion with the successor of Peter, the Bishop of Rome;
    The Teachings are authoritative and binding and infallible.
    2 Tim 1: 12-14
  • The Church’s magisterium exercises the authority it holds from Christ to the fullest extent when it defines dogmas, that is, when it proposes, in a form obliging the Christian people to an irrevocable adherence of faith, truths contained in divine Revelation or also when it proposes, in a definitive way, truths having a necessary connection with these. (CCC 88)
    4 Marian Dogmas;
    Divine Motherhood
    Perpetual Virginity
    Immaculate Conception
    The Assumption
  • A letter is a document that is usually formal and is referred to an individual or a group while an Epistle can simply defined as a document that is referred to a broader audience such a society
    An apostolic exhortation is a type of communication from the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. It encourages a community of people to undertake a particular activity but does not define Church doctrine. It is considered lower in formal authority than a papal encyclical, but higher than other ecclesiastical letters, Apostolic Letters and Other Papal Writings.
  • At that time there was only one churc h and the catholic church dates back till then
  • The uniqueness of the catholic church 2013

    1. 1. 1
    2. 2. 2
    3. 3. 3
    4. 4. • The word “Church” (Latin ecclesia) originally meant a convocation or assembly gathered for a religious purpose. • In Christian usage the word “church” refers to the worshipping community, the local community or “parish” and the entire universal community of believers. (CCC, 751 – 752) 4
    5. 5. • In the Old Testament God called the chosen people of Israel to be his holy people. • In the New Testament, Jesus calls his disciples to form a community of faith as the people of the New Covenant. Jesus inaugurates the Church through his preaching and teaching and in His total self-giving on the cross (CCC, 763 – 766) Eph 2: 19-22 5
    6. 6. 6
    7. 7. 7
    8. 8. 8 HE CHOSE THE 12 DISCIPLES (Mark 3 13:19)
    9. 9. HE AUTHORISED AND EMPOWERED THEM TO TEACH, SANCTIFY & GOVERN 9 (Luke 9:1-6; Matt. 28:19-20; 18:17-18; John 20:23 Mark 16:15-16)
    10. 10. 10
    11. 11. 11
    12. 12. 12
    13. 13. 13
    14. 14. • Pope Pius XII –Encyclical on the Mystical Body, said “it is the society of those who have been baptized, and who profess the faith of Christ, and who are governed by their bishops under the visible head, the Pope, the Bishop of Rome.” • St. Paul speaks of all Christians as members of Christ, so that with Him, they form one Mystical Body (Cf. 1 Cor 12:12-31; Col 1:18; 2:18-20; Eph. 1:22-23; 3:19; 4:13) 14
    15. 15. 15
    16. 16. This expression also refers to the communion between holy persons (sancti); that is, between those who by grace are united to the dead and risen Christ. Some are pilgrims on the earth; others, having passed from this life, are undergoing purification and are helped also by our prayers. Others already enjoy the glory of God and intercede for us. All of these together form in Christ one family, the Church, to the praise and glory of the Trinity – CCC 961-962 16
    17. 17. For though we live in the world we are not carrying on a worldly war, for the weapons of our warfare are not worldly but have divine power to destroy strongholds. 2 COR 10:4 17
    18. 18. 18
    19. 19. 19
    20. 20. 20
    21. 21. 21
    22. 22. 22
    23. 23. 23
    24. 24. 24
    25. 25. 25
    26. 26. 26
    27. 27. 27
    28. 28. 28
    29. 29. 29
    30. 30. “MAGISTERIUM” in Latin means “duty or office of Teacher”’ – used in the Church to mean the “Teaching Authority” of the Church . ( CCC 85-87, 888-892) •Comprises of The Pope and Bishops in union with him; 30
    31. 31. Men & Women Consecrated their life • • • • • Diocesan & Religious Priests – 689,245 Deacons – 39,564 Religious Brothers – 54,665 Religious Sisters -721,935 Seminarians – 58,140 Total of 1,563,549 Clergies & Religious consecrated their lives to serve the Lord Total :More than 10,000 Saints & Beati Martyrs : Last Century 170 millions 31
    32. 32. 32
    33. 33. IT’S BREAK TIME ! 33
    35. 35. 35
    36. 36. 36
    37. 37. 37
    38. 38. Nicene Creed We believe in One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church. We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins. We look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen. 38
    39. 39. 39
    40. 40. 40
    41. 41. There is one body and one Spirit, just as you were called to the one hope that belongs to your call, one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of us all, who is above all and through all and in all. Ephesians 4:4-6 41
    42. 42. 42
    43. 43. By his grace Jesus makes the Church holy, just as he is holy. This doesn’t mean that each member is always holy. Jesus said there would be both good and bad members in the Church (John 6:70). 43
    44. 44. But the Church itself is Holy because it is the source of Holiness and is the guardian of the special means of grace Jesus established, the sacraments (Eph. 5:26). 44
    45. 45. The Holy Spirit, whom Christ the head pours out on his members, builds, animates, and sanctifies the Church.. CCC 747 45
    46. 46. 46
    47. 47. Jesus’ Church is called catholic ("universal" in Greek) because it is his gift to all people. He told his apostles to go throughout the world and make disciples of "all nations“ (Matt. 28:19–20). 47
    48. 48. 48
    49. 49. 49
    50. 50. 50
    51. 51. AUTHORITY AND INFALLIBILITY • I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven." • Matthew 16:19 51
    53. 53. •“For I received from the Lord what I also handed on to you…” 1 Cor 11:23 •“For I handed on to you as of first importance what I also received” 1 Cor 15:3 53
    54. 54. This is the most basic meaning of Catholic Tradition; it is the true faith itself, given to apostle by Christ and faithfully transmitted to each new generation. CCC 77-78 54
    55. 55. Everything in the Bible?
    56. 56. 56
    57. 57. •The Magisterium is protected from error and guided by the Holy Spirit who “reminds and guides to all truth” thereby gives us certainty in matters of doctrine ; (John 16:12-13) •“ and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven." 57
    58. 58. “ I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven." Matthew 16:19 58
    59. 59. 59
    60. 60. According to the teaching of the First Vatican Council and Catholic tradition, the conditions required for ex cathedra teaching are as follows: 1. "the Roman Pontiff“ 2. "speaks ex cathedra" ("that is, when in the discharge of his office as shepherd and teacher of all Christians, and by virtue of his supreme apostolic authority….") 3. "he defines“ 4. "that a doctrine concerning faith or morals" 5. "must be held by the whole Church" 60
    61. 61. In Catholic theology, the Latin phrase ex cathedra, literally means "from the chair", refers to a teaching by the pope that is considered to be made with the intention of invoking infallibility. The "chair" referred to is not a literal chair, but refers metaphorically to the pope's position, or office, as the official teacher of Catholic doctrine: the chair was the symbol of the teacher in the ancient world, and bishops to this day have a cathedra, a seat or throne, as a symbol of their teaching and governing authority 61
    64. 64. •1. •2. •3. •4. •5. •6. •7. •8. •9. •10. •11. •12. •13. •14. Ecclesia De Eucharistia April 17, 2003 Fides et Ratio September 14, 1998 Ut Unum Sint May 25, 1995 Evangelium Vitae March 25, 1995 Veritatis Splendor August 6, 1993 Centesimus Annus May 1, 1991 Redemptoris Missio December 7, 1990 Sollicitudo Rei Socialis December 30, 1987 Redemptoris Mater March 25, 1987 Dominum et Vivificantem May 18, 1986 Slavorum Apostoli June 2, 1985 Laborem Exercens September 14, 1981 Dives in Misericordia November 30, 1980 Redemptor Hominis March 4, 1979 64
    65. 65. •1. Caritas in veritate, June 29, 2009 “Love in Truth” •2. Spe Salvi, November 30, 2007 “In Hope, we are saved” •3. Deus Caritas Est, January 25, 2006 – “God is Love” 65
    67. 67. “gates of hades will not prevail against the Church” (Matt. 16:18) and the Church is "the household of God, which is the Church of the living God, the pillar and bulwark of the truth” (1 Tim. 3:15). 67
    68. 68. He guided the Israelites on their escape from Egypt by giving them a Pillar of fire to light their way across the dark wilderness (Exodus. 13:21). Today he guides us through the darkness of this world with his Pillar of Truth, The Church of the living God (1 Tim 3:15) 68
    69. 69. 69
    70. 70. 70
    71. 71. • • • • Compiled the Bible; 7 Sacraments; Pope & Magisterium Universal in teaching, liturgy and liturgical calendar • Mary & The Saints • Mass – encounter Christ in word and eucharist 71
    72. 72. 72
    73. 73. 73
    74. 74. 74
    75. 75. 75
    76. 76. 76
    77. 77. 77
    78. 78. CCC 2116 : All forms of divination are to be rejected: recourse to Satan or demons, conjuring up the dead or other practices falsely supposed to "unveil" the future. Consulting horoscopes, astrology, palm reading, interpretation of omens and lots, the phenomena of clairvoyance, and recourse to mediums all conceal a desire for power over time, history, and, in the last analysis, other human beings, as well as a wish to conciliate hidden powers. They contradict the honor, respect, and loving fear that we owe to God alone.
    79. 79. • The Catholic Church considers all goodness and truth found in these religions as “a preparation for the Gospel and given by him who enlightens all men that they at length have life. (CCC 843) 79
    80. 80. • Those who, through no fault of their own, do not know the Gospel of Christ or his Church, but who nevertheless seek God with a sincere heart, and, moved by grace, try in their actions to do his will as they know it through the dictates of their conscience – those too may achieve eternal salvation. (CCC 847) 80
    81. 81. • "Although in ways known to himself God can lead those who, through no fault of their own, are ignorant of the Gospel, to that faith without which it is impossible to please him, the Church still has the obligation and also the sacred right to evangelize all men."(CCC 848) 81
    82. 82. “So then, my beloved, obedient as you have always been, not only when I am present but all the more now when I am absent, work out your salvation with fear and trembling. Phil 2:12 ‘Not everyone who says to me, "Lord, Lord" shall enter the Kingdom of heaven’ (Matt. 7:21)." 82
    83. 83. "I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. Henceforth there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will award to me on that Day" (2 Tim. 4:7-8) 83
    84. 84. 84
    85. 85. 85
    86. 86. 86
    87. 87. 87