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The uniqueness of the catholic church 2011


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Presented by Max Yong

Published in: Spiritual
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The uniqueness of the catholic church 2011

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  4. 4. “ And see I am sending upon you what my Father promised; so stay here in the city until you have been clothed with power from High”. Luke 24:29 “ And He said to them, “Go into the all the world and proclaim the good news to the whole creation” Mark 16:15
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  6. 6. “ And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Advocate, to be with you forever" John 14:16 “ I will not leave you orphaned; I am coming to you" John 14:18
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  8. 8. "The greatest sin of our generation is that it has lost all sense of sin." (Pope Pius XII )
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  10. 10. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations , baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you. And remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age. Matt 28:19-20
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  13. 13. THE HOLY SPIRIT OUR ENABLER <ul><li>“ … The Holy Spirit, who sanctifies the people of God through the ministry and sacraments gives to the faithful special gifts as well ( 1 Cor 12:7) allotting to everyone according to His wi ll (1 Cor 12:11). Thus may the individual, according to the gift each has received, administered it to one another and become good stewards of the manifold grace of God (1Peter 4:10) and build up thereby the whole body in charity ( Eph 4:16) </li></ul><ul><li>(Documents of vatican II, Decree on the Apostolate of the Laity, Chapter 1. para 3) </li></ul>
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  16. 16. &quot;I am with you always, till the end of age&quot; Matt 28:20 &quot; The Holy Spirit dwells in you, you are the temple of the Holy Spirit” John 14:17 , Romans 8:11, Eph 2:21-22, 1 Cor 3:16
  17. 17. THE HOLY SPIRIT IN BRIEF (C.C.C.) 747- The Holy Spirit, whom Christ the head pours out on his members, builds, animates, and sanctifies the Church. She is the sacrament of the Holy Trinity's communion with men.
  19. 19. The 7 gifts as defined by St. Thomas Aquinas in the Summa Theologica <ul><li>Wisdom - The gift of wisdom perfects a person's speculative reason in matters of judgment about the truth. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding - The gift of understanding perfects a person's speculative reason in the apprehension of truth. It is the gift &quot;whereby self-evident principles are known.” </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Knowledge - The gift of knowledge perfects a person's practical reason in matters of judgment about the truth. </li></ul><ul><li>Counsel - Also called &quot;Right Judgment.&quot; The gift of counsel perfects a person's practical reason in the apprehension of truth and allows the person to respond prudently, &quot;moved through the research of reason.&quot; </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Fortitude - Also called &quot;Courage.&quot; The gift of fortitude allows people the &quot;firmness of mind [that] is required both in doing good and in enduring evil, especially with regard to good or evil that are difficult.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Piety - Also called &quot;Reverence.&quot; Piety is the gift &quot;whereby, at the Holy Spirit's instigation,we pay worship and duty to God as our Father.&quot; </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Fear of the Lord - Also called &quot;Wonder and Awe in God.&quot; This gift is described by Aquinas as a fear of separating oneself from God. He describes the gift as a &quot;filial fear,&quot; like a child's fear of offending his father, rather than a &quot;servile fear,&quot; that is, a fear of punishment. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Luke 6:47-49 Matt 7:24-27
  24. 24. Gifts DELIVERANCE TEACHING WORD OF KNOWLEDGE HEALING MIRACLES DISCERNMENT TONGUES PROPHESY CHARISMATIC GIFTS Romans 12:4-13,  1 Corinthians 12:7-11, 1 Corinthians 12:28-31 Charismatic
  25. 25. Many Gifts but One Spirit <ul><li>Variety of Gifts - same Spirit </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of services - same Lord </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of activities - same God </li></ul><ul><li>All these are activated by one and the same Spirit </li></ul><ul><li>1 Cor 12: 4-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Gifts are not exhaustive </li></ul>
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  29. 29. The apostles were in the room and “ And suddenly from Heaven there came a sound like the rush of a violent wind , and it filled the entire the house where they were sitting. Divided tongues as of fire , appeared among them and a tongue rested on each one of them. All of them were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages , as the Spirit gave them ability” (Acts 2:2-4).
  30. 30. Morning of Pentecost <ul><li>The crowd heard the apostles speaking in different tongues. (Acts 2:7-9). </li></ul><ul><li>The crowd thought the apostles were drunk “filled with new wine” (Acts 2:13) </li></ul><ul><li>Peter stood up before the crowd and proclaimed the Good News in a loud voice. (Acts 2:14). </li></ul><ul><li>Three thousand people were baptized that afternoon (Acts 2:41). </li></ul>
  31. 31. The Grace of Pentecost BEFORE AFTER In hiding Out in the open Afraid Courageous Alone Community Divided United Individualistic Shared everything Doubtful Confident
  32. 32. Helpless Empowered Dumb-founded Sang in tongues Looked down In favour with people Disillusioned Signs & wonders Dispirited Gifts of the Spirit Discouraged Hopeful Empty Filled with the Holy Spirit
  33. 33. Acts 2:42: And they devoted themselves to Breaking of Bread Community of Faith & Love Prayer The Early Church Grew Fellowship Apostle’s Teachings Apostolic
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  36. 36. The Charismatic Gifts empowers the &quot;Doing“ to build the Church The Sanctifying Gifts roots the &quot;Being“ to bear fruits
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  38. 38. “ Charisms are therefore graces bestowed by the Holy Spirit on certain members of the faithful to prepare them to contribute to the common good of the Church.” Pope John Paul II Address to participants in the Second International Conference of Ecclesial Movements, 2 March 1987, L'Osservatore Romano English edition, 16 March 1987,
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  41. 41. <ul><li>The word “Church” (Latin ecclesia ) originally meant a convocation or assembly gathered for a religious purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>In Christian usage the word “church” refers to the worshipping community, the local community or “parish” and the entire universal community of believers. (CCC, 751 – 752) </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>In the Old Testament God called the chosen people of Israel to be his holy people. </li></ul><ul><li>In the New Testament, Jesus calls his disciples to form a community of faith as the people of the New Covenant. Jesus inaugurates the Church through his preaching and teaching and in His total self-giving on the cross (CCC, 763 – 766) Eph 2: 19-22 </li></ul>
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  45. 45. HE CHOSE THE 12 DISCIPLES (Mark 3 13:19)
  46. 46. HE AUTHORISED AND EMPOWERED THEM TO TEACH, SANCTIFY & GOVERN ( Luke 9:1-6; Matt. 28:19-20; 18:17-18; John 20:23 Mark 16:15-16)
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  51. 51. <ul><li>Pope Pius XII –Encyclical on the Mystical Body, said “it is the society of those who have been baptized, and who profess the faith of Christ, and who are governed by their bishops under the visible head, the Pope, the Bishop of Rome.” </li></ul><ul><li>St. Paul speaks of all Christians as members of Christ, so that with Him, they form one Mystical Body (Cf. 1 Cor 12:12-31; Col 1:18; 2:18-20; Eph. 1:22-23; 3:19; 4:13) </li></ul>
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  53. 53. This expression also refers to the communion between holy persons (sancti) ; that is, between those who by grace are united to the dead and risen Christ. Some are pilgrims on the earth ; others, having passed from this life, are undergoing purification and are helped also by our prayers. Others already enjoy the glory of God and intercede for us. All of these together form in Christ one family, the Church, to the praise and glory of the Trinity – CCC 961-962
  54. 54. For though we live in the world we are not carrying on a worldly war, for the weapons of our warfare are not worldly but have divine power to destroy strongholds. 2 COR 10:4
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  67. 67. <ul><li>“ MAGISTERIUM” in Latin means “duty or office of Teacher”’ – used in the Church to mean the “Teaching Authority” of the Church . </li></ul><ul><li>( CCC 85-87, 888-892) </li></ul><ul><li>Comprises of The Pope and Bishops in union with him; </li></ul>
  68. 68. Men & Women Consecrated their life <ul><li>Diocesan & Religious Priests – 406,411 </li></ul><ul><li>Deacons – 33,391 </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Brothers – 54,708 </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Sisters -760,529 </li></ul><ul><li>Seminarians – 58,538 </li></ul>Total of 1,255,039 Clergies & Religious consecrated their lives to serve the Lord Total :More than 10,000 Saints & Beati Martyrs : Last Century 170 millions
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  70. 70. IT’S BREAK TIME !
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  75. 75. Nicene Creed We believe in One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church. We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins. We look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.
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  78. 78. There is one body and one Spirit , just as you were called to the one hope that belongs to your call, one Lord, one faith , one baptism, one God and Father of us all, who is above all and through all and in all. Ephesians 4:4-6
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  80. 80. By his grace Jesus makes the Church holy, just as he is holy. This doesn’t mean that each member is always holy. Jesus said there would be both good and bad members in the Church (John 6:70).
  81. 81. But the Church itself is Holy because it is the source of Holiness and is the guardian of the special means of grace Jesus established, the sacraments (Eph. 5:26).
  82. 82. The Holy Spirit, whom Christ the head pours out on his members, builds, animates, and sanctifies the Church .. CCC 747
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  84. 84. Jesus’ Church is called catholic (&quot;universal&quot; in Greek) because it is his gift to all people. He told his apostles to go throughout the world and make disciples of &quot;all nations“ (Matt. 28:19–20).
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  88. 88. AUTHORITY AND INFALLIBILITY <ul><li>I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven , and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven , and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven .&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 16:19 </li></ul>
  90. 90. <ul><li>“ For I received from the Lord what I also handed on to you…” </li></ul><ul><li>1 Cor 11:23 </li></ul><ul><li>“ For I handed on to you as of first importance what I also received” </li></ul><ul><li>1 Cor 15:3 </li></ul>
  91. 91. This is the most basic meaning of Catholic Tradition; it is the true faith itself, given to apostle by Christ and faithfully transmitted to each new generation. CCC 77-78
  92. 92. Everything in the Bible?
  93. 93.
  94. 94. <ul><li>The Magisterium is protected from error and guided by the Holy Spirit who “reminds and guides to all truth” thereby gives us certainty in matters of doctrine ; (John 16:12-13) </li></ul><ul><li>“ and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 16:19 </li></ul>
  95. 95. “ I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven , and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven , and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven .&quot; Matthew 16:19
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  97. 97. <ul><li>According to the teaching of the First Vatican Council and Catholic tradition, the conditions required for ex cathedra teaching are as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;the Roman Pontiff“ </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;speaks ex cathedra&quot; (&quot;that is, when in the discharge of his office as shepherd and teacher of all Christians, and by virtue of his supreme apostolic authority….&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;he defines“ </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;that a doctrine concerning faith or morals&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;must be held by the whole Church&quot; </li></ul>
  98. 98. In Catholic theology, the Latin phrase ex cathedra , literally means &quot;from the chair&quot;, refers to a teaching by the pope that is considered to be made with the intention of invoking infallibility. The &quot;chair&quot; referred to is not a literal chair, but refers metaphorically to the pope's position, or office, as the official teacher of Catholic doctrine: the chair was the symbol of the teacher in the ancient world, and bishops to this day have a cathedra , a seat or throne, as a symbol of their teaching and governing authority
  99. 99. <ul><li>DEPOSIT OF FAITH; </li></ul><ul><li>DOGMAS; </li></ul><ul><li>DOCTRINES; </li></ul><ul><li>DISCIPLINES; </li></ul><ul><li>DEVOTIONS. </li></ul>
  100. 100. <ul><li>ENCYCLICAL LETTERS; </li></ul><ul><li>ENCYCLICAL EPISTLES; </li></ul><ul><li>APOSTOLIC EXHORTATIONS; </li></ul><ul><li>APOSTOLIC LETTERS; </li></ul><ul><li>APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTION </li></ul>
  101. 101. <ul><li>1. Ecclesia De Eucharistia April 17, 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Fides et Ratio September 14, 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>3. Ut Unum Sint May 25, 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>4. Evangelium Vitae March 25, 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>5. Veritatis Splendor August 6, 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>6. Centesimus Annus May 1, 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>7. Redemptoris Missio December 7, 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>8. Sollicitudo Rei Socialis December 30, 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>9. Redemptoris Mater March 25, 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>10. Dominum et Vivificantem May 18, 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>11. Slavorum Apostoli June 2, 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>12. Laborem Exercens September 14, 1981 </li></ul><ul><li>13. Dives in Misericordia November 30, 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>14. Redemptor Hominis March 4, 1979 </li></ul>
  102. 102. <ul><li>1. Caritas in veritate, June 29, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Love in Truth” </li></ul><ul><li>2. Spe Salvi, November 30, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>“ In Hope, we are saved” </li></ul><ul><li>3. Deus Caritas Est, January 25, 2006 – </li></ul><ul><li> “ God is Love” </li></ul>
  103. 103. “ gates of hades will not prevail against the Church” (Matt. 16:18) and the Church is &quot;the household of God, which is the Church of the living God, the pillar and bulwark of the truth ” (1 Tim. 3:15).
  104. 104. He guided the Israelites on their escape from Egypt by giving them a Pillar of fire to light their way across the dark wilderness (Exodus. 13:21). Today he guides us through the darkness of this world with his Pillar of Truth, The Church of the living God (1 Tim 3:15)
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  107. 107. <ul><li>Compiled the Bible; </li></ul><ul><li>7 Sacraments; </li></ul><ul><li>Pope & Magisterium </li></ul><ul><li>Universal in teaching, liturgy and liturgical calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Mary & The Saints </li></ul><ul><li>Mass – encounter Christ in word and eucharist </li></ul>
  108. 108. Traditions of the Church Teachings of the Church Fount of God’s abundant Graces
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  114. 114. <ul><li>CCC 2116 : </li></ul><ul><li>All forms of divination are to be rejected: recourse to Satan or demons, conjuring up the dead or other practices falsely supposed to &quot;unveil&quot; the future. Consulting horoscopes , astrology , palm reading, interpretation of omens and lots, the phenomena of clairvoyance, and recourse to mediums all conceal a desire for power over time, history, and, in the last analysis, other human beings, as well as a wish to conciliate hidden powers. They contradict the honor, respect, and loving fear that we owe to God alone. </li></ul>
  115. 115. <ul><li>The Catholic Church considers all goodness and truth found in these religions as “a preparation for the Gospel and given by him who enlightens all men that they at length have life. (CCC 843) </li></ul>
  116. 116. <ul><li>Those who, through no fault of their own, do not know the Gospel of Christ or his Church, but who nevertheless seek God with a sincere heart, and, moved by grace, try in their actions to do his will as they know it through the dictates of their conscience – those too may achieve eternal salvation. (CCC 847) </li></ul>
  117. 117. <ul><li>&quot;Although in ways known to himself God can lead those who, through no fault of their own, are ignorant of the Gospel, to that faith without which it is impossible to please him, the Church still has the obligation and also the sacred right to evangelize all men.&quot;(CCC 848) </li></ul>
  118. 118. “ So then, my beloved, obedient as you have always been, not only when I am present but all the more now when I am absent, work out your salvation with fear and trembling . Phil 2:12 ‘ Not everyone who says to me, &quot;Lord, Lord&quot; shall enter the Kingdom of heaven’ (Matt. 7:21).&quot;
  119. 119. &quot;I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith . Henceforth there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will award to me on that Day&quot; (2 Tim. 4:7-8)