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Sacrament of initiation 2011


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Presented by Rev. Fr. MIchael Chua

Published in: Spiritual
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Sacrament of initiation 2011

  1. 1. Sacraments Initiation Rite of Christian Initiation Church of St Francis Xavier
  2. 2. Recap of Last Week’s Session <ul><li>We communicate through Signs / Symbols </li></ul><ul><li>SACRAMENT – ‘outward sign of inner grace’ </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus is the Primordial Sacrament </li></ul><ul><li>Church is Sacrament of Christ </li></ul><ul><li>7 Sacraments </li></ul><ul><li>Christ instituted the sacraments </li></ul><ul><li>Ex opere operato (non-ponentibus obicem) </li></ul>
  3. 3. 7 Sacraments <ul><li>Baptism </li></ul><ul><li>Confirmation </li></ul><ul><li>Eucharist </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Matrimony </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Orders </li></ul><ul><li>Penance </li></ul><ul><li>Anointing of the Sick </li></ul>Sacraments of Initiation Sacraments of Church Order Sacraments of Healing
  4. 4. Sacraments of Initiation Baptism & Confirmation
  5. 5. The Sacraments of Initiation Sacrament of Initiation Baptism Confirmation Eucharist
  6. 6. Baptism
  7. 7. Names of Sacrament <ul><li>Baptism (Gk ‘Baptizein’) – plunge, immerse (CCC 1214) </li></ul><ul><li>Washing of Regeneration and Renewal by the Holy Spirit (CCC 1215) </li></ul><ul><li>Bath of Enlightenment (CCC 1216) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Foundations in OT -Prefigurations <ul><li>Water at the beginning of creation .. Overshadowed by the Spirit Gen 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Flood Waters – Noah’s Ark </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing of the Red Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing of the River Jordan </li></ul><ul><li>Ablutions & Initiation of Proselytes in Judaism </li></ul>
  9. 9. Baptism in NT <ul><li>Baptism by John the Baptist – Gospels </li></ul><ul><li>Acts 10:47, 11:16 – Baptism – Water-Spirit </li></ul><ul><li>Rom 6:1-11 – Paschal Event </li></ul><ul><li>1 Pet 3:19-21 – Noah’s ark, washing of dirt, election </li></ul><ul><li>Mat 28:19 – Trinitarian formula </li></ul><ul><li>Jn 3:5, Tit 3:5 – reborn </li></ul>
  10. 10. Historical Development <ul><li>Apostolic/ early Church - 3 Sac – one rite – e.g. the Apostolic Tradition of Hippolytus 3 AD. </li></ul><ul><li>Catechumenate – 3 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Catechumens – adults and families. </li></ul><ul><li>By end of 5th century, infant baptism became the norm - Major Reason – St Augustine. </li></ul><ul><li>By 14th century, the baptismal ceremony disappeared from the Easter Vigil altogether. </li></ul><ul><li>Effects – link between Baptism & other 2 sacraments of initiation widened. </li></ul><ul><li>Vat II restored the link between 3 sacraments – RCIA becomes the norm. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Formula for Baptism <ul><li>Form: “I baptise you in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit” + sprinkle/ pour/ immerse </li></ul><ul><li>Matter: Water </li></ul><ul><li>Minister of Baptism: Ordinarily – ordained minister; extraordinarily – any person </li></ul>
  12. 12. The effects (grace) of Baptism <ul><li>Forgiveness of sins (CCC 1263,1264) </li></ul><ul><li>A new creature (CCC 1265, 1266) </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporated into the Church (CCC 1267-1270) </li></ul><ul><li>Sacramental bond of unity among all Christians (CCC 1271) </li></ul><ul><li>An indelible spiritual mark (CCC 1272-1274) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Special Questions <ul><li>Why are infants baptised? </li></ul><ul><li>What is original sin? </li></ul><ul><li>Is baptism necessary for salvation? </li></ul><ul><li>How about persons who have not been baptised, will they be saved too? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we re-baptise Christians who have been baptised in other churches? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Original Sin <ul><li>Original Sin is the state or condition in which, because of the sin of Adam and Eve, all human persons are born. The term has 2 references: </li></ul><ul><li>The initial, ‘originating’ sin of Adam and Eve ( peccatum originale originans ): the first sin; and </li></ul><ul><li>The subsequent ‘originated’ universality of human sin ( peccatum originale originatum ): original sin. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Original Sin - Characteristics <ul><li>A State of sin – analogous, contracted not committed CCC 404 </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of grace, original holiness and justice, innocence </li></ul><ul><li>Wounded/weakened free will </li></ul><ul><li>Concupiscence – inclination to evil </li></ul><ul><li>Death – soul/ physical </li></ul>
  16. 16. Grace <ul><li>God’s self-communication and presence within and among us (Karl Rahner) </li></ul><ul><li>CCC 1997 Grace is a participation in the life of God… </li></ul><ul><li>CCC 1999 The grace of Christ is the gratuitous gift that God makes to us of his own life, infused by the Holy Spirit into our soul to heal it of sin and to sanctify it. It is the sanctifying or deifying grace received in Baptism. It is in us the source of the work of sanctification </li></ul>
  17. 17. Grace & Justification <ul><li>Official teaching countered 2 distortion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pelagianism – self-sufficiency of nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calvinism (Protestant) – sola gratia – free will totally damaged by original sin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CCC 1993 Justification establishes cooperation between God's grace and man's freedom . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Confirmation
  19. 19. Meaning of Confirmation <ul><li>CCC 1285 Baptism, the Eucharist, and the sacrament of Confirmation together constitute the &quot;sacraments of Christian initiation,&quot; whose unity must be safeguarded . It must be explained to the faithful that the reception of the sacrament of Confirmation is necessary for the completion of baptismal grace . For &quot;by the sacrament of Confirmation, [the baptized] are more perfectly bound to the Church and are enriched with a special strength of the Holy Spirit . Hence they are, as true witnesses of Christ , more strictly obliged to spread and defend the faith by word and deed </li></ul>
  20. 20. Justification from NT <ul><li>Spirit in the Life of Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>Acts 2 – Outpouring of Spirit at Pentecost </li></ul><ul><li>Acts 8:14-17. Samaritans who received baptism earlier but received laying on hands later by apostles. It is said that the divine Spirit was given “through the laying on of the apostles’ hands” (vv. 18-19) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Historical Development <ul><li>Early Church – Single rite of initiation. </li></ul><ul><li>In 215 (ref. Hippolytus) role of bishop anointing with oil, laying on hands and kiss of peace – after ‘washing’ </li></ul><ul><li>In 416, Pope Innocent I had laid down that only the bishop could anoint with chrism. </li></ul><ul><li>In the East, the original unity was kept in tact by allowing priests to administer confirmation. </li></ul><ul><li>In the West, confirmation reserved to bishop. Separation of baptism and confirmation. Up till 12 th , bishop still administered all 3 when available. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of Augustine’s influence and infant baptism, confirmation of children was postponed till 10 or 14. </li></ul><ul><li>In1910, Pope Pius X encouraged children to receive communion at the age of 7. Effect – order of sacraments of initiation altered. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Formula of Confirmation <ul><li>Form: laying of hands and anointing – “Be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit” </li></ul><ul><li>Matter: Oil (Significance of Oil: joy, abundance, blessing, - sign of healing, of strengthening, of election/blessing) </li></ul><ul><li>Minister: Ordinary – Bishop (where conferred separately) / Priest (in the case of RCIA) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Effects of Confirmation <ul><li>CCC 1302 – special outpouring of Spirit </li></ul><ul><li>CCC 1303 – increase and deepening of baptismal grace </li></ul><ul><li>CCC 1304 – indelible spiritual mark </li></ul><ul><li>CCC 1305 – power to profess faith publicly and officially. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Special Questions <ul><li>Where is the Sacrament of Confirmation placed in the order of the Sacraments of Initiation? </li></ul><ul><li>When do we receive the Holy Spirit, at baptism or at Confirmation? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Q & A <ul><li>Thank You. Good Night </li></ul>