AbstractThis presentation documents the collaborative project between, Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo, Japan and the Design and Industry Department at San Francisco State University. The aim of this project was to localize educational materials for a workshop in Universal Design that Hitachi had originally developed in 2005 for school children in Japan so that it would be appropriate for middle school children in the United States. The project underscores and summarizes the significance of such collaborative ventures that enhance the dynamic linkages between corporate social responsibility programs and academic community service‐learning experiences. This presentation outlines the mutual goals that were the framework of the partnership between Hitachi and SFSU. This project led to the presentation, in April 2009, of a successful UD workshop given by Hitachi America, Ltd. and SFSU at the Clarendon Elementary School in San Francisco.
Introduction/Overview2010 marks the 20th Anniversary of the landmark passage ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act)Designing user‐friendly, learning approaches, within a flexible learning environment is “a matter of common sense and creativity”
Project OverviewWhat does Universal Design have to do with early care and education?The concept of Universal Design has been broadened beyond the creation of physical space and objects to include:• design of curriculum• teaching strategies• increasing accessibility in education
Project OverviewObjective: to document the collaborative project between Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo, Japan and the DAI DepartmentCollaborative Aim: to localize a Hitachi UD Elementary Educational Workshop that was originally developed for school children inJapan so that it could be delivered to school children in the U.S.
SFSU Project Development•The study involved the research, planning and implementation of an interactive slide presentation and UD workshop class materials.•Graduate Research Assistants:– Ms. Ikue Enomoto and Mr. Hiroki Takeshita•University’s Elementary Education program•Disability Program Resource Center
Universal Design Workshop ObjectivesEssential Questions presented to the 5th Grade Elementary students:• Why is Universal Design important to us?• What products can you find in your everyday life that is easy for everyone to use? What products are difficult to use?• How can you design a product and environment that can make life easy for everyone to use and understand?
Universal Design Workshop Format1) Present the PPT1 lesson material – make it as interactive as possible with the students while maintaining the integrity of the script. This presentation introduces the principles of Universal Design with visual examples. 2) Present the PPT2 workshop presentation – this provides the instructions for the activity portion of the workshop. 3) Present the PPT3 Review presentation and follow‐up material – This is a wrap‐upwith new examples.
Universal Design Workshop Format1) PPT1 lesson material –1.1 Intro to Universal Design1.2 What is “Design”? 1.3 Who is a “Designer”?1.4 Not Everything is Designed to be Easy to Use1.5 What is “Universal Design”? 1.6 Why is Universal Design Important?1.7 Diverse People in Our Community1.8 Importance of Universal Design1.9 In Your Lifetime 1.10 Universal Design Examples
Universal Design Workshop Format2) PPT2 UD Workshop Presentation Hands‐on Experience/Group Work 2.1 What’s inside the bag? 2.2 Finding out what was inside the bag ‐a TV remote control2.3 Discuss if the remote has UD feature2.4 Discuss the features of design2.5 Brainstorming for TV remote design2.6 Designing a remote and making a presentation board
Universal Design Workshop Format3) PPT3 Review presentation and follow‐up material – This is a wrap‐up with new examples.
Localization Considerations• Cultural References/ Cultural Preferences• Context• Delivery and results13
Universal DesignLet’s think about products and communitiesthat make life easy for everyone!
We have all kinds of people living in our community and it is getting more diverse.Why is Universal Design Important?Many people experience obstacles in their daily lives.
There will be Over 50 million senior citizens in 2020Number of senior citizens is increasing! Importance of Universal Design
15% of US citizens have some disabilities 41.3 Million people have some level of disabilityImportance of Universal Design
Yourself TodayGrandpa FriendsSeniorsRelativesBrothers & SistersTravelersSpouse and ChildrenInjuryIn Your Lifetime
Lever handle does not require much physical effort to use.Universal Design Example
Level platform and wide entrance make access easy and safe for all people.Universal Design Example
Universal Design ExampleIcons and Braille make signs more accessible.
Universal Design ExampleBig buttons, display and lighting are more user‐friendly.
Workshop Delivery• Intro to UD (slideshow 1)• Intro to group exercise (slideshow 2)• Group Exercise• Presentation of concepts• Wrap‐up (slideshow 3)
• Introduce Universal Design• Have students identify/think critically• Demonstrate what they learned• Review the conceptObjective
Understandings• establish an awareness forthe perspectives of peopleliving with disabilities.• show the importance ofbeing considerate of otherpeople• illustrate the concept thatthings should be intuitive touse and understand foreveryone
Workshop Results• Students were able to empathize with diversity• Very inventive with their suggestions, often incorporating green features
Post‐workshop Analysis• The Students’ feedback was informative in validating the benefits the educational service‐learning experience. • Students generally showed sensitivity to UD principles, as well as an ability to empathize with different types of users• The Students’ redesign of a television remote control showed that they had taken the principles of UD to heart and were able to creatively implement them into the design of a new remote control.
Post‐workshop Analysis• group participation and interactive project based learning experience• oriented to a UD human‐centered design approach• respect for other of different abilities and needs• listening and understanding diverse perspectives other their own• employed observation and analysis methods• idea generation/brainstorming/sketching• design thinking principlesLearning Outcomes: as a result of the UD presentation and workshop Students gained: