Pirates in the Gulf of Aden

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Daniele Archibugi, Research Director at the Italian National Research Council, delivered a lecture at the Panel presentation on the topic of “Open-Sea Piracy in the Modern World: Perils and Prospects.”

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Pirates in the Gulf of Aden

  1. 1. Pirates in the Gulf of Aden Daniele Archibugi 21 March 2010 Lecture:
  2. 2. The Sirius Star
  3. 5. The hostages on the deck of the Faina ship with a cargo of T-72 tanks
  4. 6. Andrew Mwangura & Samuel L. Jackson
  5. 7. Abdiwali Abdiqadir Muse
  6. 8. Captain Richard Philips
  7. 9. President Barack Obama & Captain Richard Philips
  8. 10. Pirates show the fragility of global governance <ul><li>Not more than 1,000 often illiterate men manage to put in crisis the most important maritime route of the world </li></ul><ul><li>A New Holy Alliance putting together the West and emerging countries, governments and business organizations is not able to provide security </li></ul>
  9. 11. Is it possible to compare costs of action and inaction? <ul><li>New and old pirates need an harbour. If Somalia would not be a failed state, there would not be these pirates. But for two decades the “International Community” has failed to provide such “public good” </li></ul><ul><li>No accounts of the costs (for the business sector? For military expenses? For insurance companies?) </li></ul>
  10. 12. What is being done? Ship-owners <ul><li>Increased security, private military contractors, new routes) </li></ul><ul><li>Dangers: </li></ul><ul><li>- Weapons on board are often incompatible with the existing legal norms </li></ul><ul><li>- Risk of creating new (and more competent) pirates </li></ul>
  11. 13. What is being done? Governments <ul><li>Patrolling the sea </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Very high costs </li></ul><ul><li>Low efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>Danger of human rights violations </li></ul>
  12. 14. EU Atalanta Operation
  13. 16. What is being done? Repression <ul><li>Enforcing Jurisdiction for Piracy </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Selectivity compared to other international crimes </li></ul><ul><li>High costs </li></ul><ul><li>Danger of human rights violations </li></ul>
  14. 17. Legal Channels to Prosecute Pirates <ul><li>International Criminal Court </li></ul><ul><li>2) Ad hoc Tribunal </li></ul><ul><li>3) National courts associated to the flag of the capturing ship </li></ul><ul><li>4) Agreements with third countries (Kenya, Seychelles) </li></ul>
  15. 18. 18 Pirate Suspects Face Life in Prison Kenya - April 2009
  16. 19. What should be done? Stop civil war in Somalia Re-create a Somali federal state Create job opportunities
  17. 20. Contact For any further question, contact Dott.ssa Marina Chiarugi at marina.chiarugi@irpps.cnr.it

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