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Commercial driver license- part 2b

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Commercial driver license- part 2b

  1. 1. Commercial Driver License Study Group 2012
  2. 2. Section 2 – part 2 Driving Safely
  3. 3. Driving at Night – risk factors  Driver – vision, glare, fatigue  Roadway – poor lighting, drunk drivers  Vehicle – headlights, other lights, vehicle lights, windshield & mirrors
  4. 4. Night driving procedures Pre-trip  Headlight glare  High beams  Stop driving when sleepy ! 
  5. 5. Fog Occur at ANY time!  Pull off and stop. 
  6. 6. Driving in Winter  Vehicle check – ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Antifreeze Defrosting/heating equipment Wipers/washers Tires/Tire chains Lights/reflectors/windows/mirrors Hand holds, steps Radiator shutters/winter front Exhaust system
  7. 7. Driving in Winter Slippery surfaces  Start slowly  Ice  Turning/braking conditions  Speed  Space  Wet brakes 
  8. 8. Driving in very hot weather Tires  Engine oil  Engine coolant  ◦ radiator Engine belts  hoses 
  9. 9. Driving in very hot weather Bleeding tar  Prevent overheating 
  10. 10. Railroad/Highway crossings Passive crossing  Active crossing  Warning signs & devices  Driving procedures  Stopping  Crossing  Special situations 
  11. 11. Mountain driving Steep, long, heavy  Safe speed  Low gears  Brake fading  Braking technique 
  12. 12. Driving emergencies  Traffic emergencies – Vehicle emergencies  Actions to take: ◦ Steering to avoid crash ◦ Stopping quickly and safely  Brake failure  Tire failure
  13. 13. Anti-lock braking systems (ABS)  What are they?  How do they work?  How to know if your vehicle has ABS?  Tractor / trailer / or both?
  14. 14. ABS Braking with ABS  If ABS is not working  Safety reminders 
  15. 15. Skid control & recovery When tires lose their grip on road (4)  Drive wheel skids  ◦ correcting  Front-wheel skids ◦ correcting
  16. 16. Crash Procedures Protect the area  Notify authorities  Care for injured 
  17. 17. Fires Vehicle inspections to prevent fires  Fire fighting  ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Pull off road Keep fire from spreading Extinguish fire Use right fire extinguisher
  18. 18. Alcohol and driving  How alcohol works ◦ Liver processes it at fixed rate ◦ What determines blood alcohol concentration? ◦ Effect on brain  Alcohol affects driving  Other drugs
  19. 19. Be Alert and Fit Sleep  Trip schedule  Exercise  Eat healthy food  Avoid medication  Regular medical checkups 
  20. 20. While driving Cab temperature  Take breaks  Recognize danger signals  STOP 
  21. 21. Hazardous Materials Rules for all commercial drivers  Recognize hazardous cargo  Does your license cover it?
  22. 22. Haz Mat for everyone Products that pose a risk to health, safety, and property during transportation  Intent of Rules:  ◦ Contain the product ◦ Communicate the risk ◦ Ensure safe drivers & equipment
  23. 23. Haz Mat for everyone  Packaged safely  Placard labels, diamond shape  Shipping papers
  24. 24. Haz Mat for everyone Placards  Identification numbers  Tank endorsement  Loading cargo 

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