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BC’s Trucking Industry - Costs of Congestion

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Overview of the goods movement and trucking industry in BC. Also, information on congestion in Metro Vancouver.

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BC’s Trucking Industry - Costs of Congestion

  1. 1. BC’s Trucking Industry Costs of Congestion
  2. 2. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry Outline 21/30/2015 South Fraser OnTrax Presentation 1. Trucking Industry and BC’s Economy 2. Composition of BC’s Trucking Industry 3. Congestion in Metro Vancouver
  3. 3. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry Trucking Industry & BC’s Economy 31/30/2015 South Fraser OnTrax Presentation
  4. 4. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry Trucking Industry & BC’s Economy 41/30/2015 South Fraser OnTrax Presentation Employment in BC’s Trucking Industry Transport Canada, 2006
  5. 5. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry Trucking Industry Composition 51/30/2015 South Fraser OnTrax Presentation •For-hire Carrier – transports cargo belonging to others •Private Carrier – transports own cargo
  6. 6. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry Trucking Industry Composition 61/30/2015 South Fraser OnTrax Presentation Local vs. Long-haul For-hire vs. Private General Freight Trucking (Truck-Load or Less-Than -Truck -Load) Used Household and Office Goods Moving Intermodal Trucking/Container Drayage Bulk Materials Trucking (Liquid or Dry-bulk) Log and Forestry Products Trucking Specialized Freight Trucking
  7. 7. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry 71/30/2015 Costs of Congestion in Metro Vancouver South Fraser OnTrax Presentation
  8. 8. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry 81/30/2015 Quantifying the Costs of Congestion • Not an exact science • Complicated • “Ball-Park” estimates • Inter-jurisdictional comparison problematic • No time series data to enable intra- jurisdictional comparison over time South Fraser OnTrax Presentation
  9. 9. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry 91/30/2015 What is Congestion? • Transport Canada Definition: – “Congestion is the inconvenience that travelers impose on each other while using their vehicles and attempting to use the road network at the same time, because of the relationship that exists between traffic density and speed (with due consideration of capacity).” South Fraser OnTrax Presentation
  10. 10. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry 101/30/2015 Costs of Congestion • Internal Costs (Private) • External Costs (Other transport users and those not using the road network) • Social Costs (All Internal + External Costs) South Fraser OnTrax Presentation
  11. 11. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry 111/30/2015 Recurrent vs. Non-Recurrent Congestion • Recurrent = Predictable • Non-recurrent = Random South Fraser OnTrax Presentation
  12. 12. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry 121/30/2015 Quantifying the costs • Recurrent Congestion – The Cost of Urban Congestion, Full Cost Investigation (TC, 2006) • Non-recurrent Congestion – Costs of Non-Recurrent Congestion in Canada, Full Cost Investigation, (TC, 2006) South Fraser OnTrax Presentation
  13. 13. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry 131/30/2015 Annual Costs of Congestion, Metro Vancouver, $ Millions (2007 = 100) 50% 60% 70% Cost of Congestion (TC) $921 $1,155 $1,345 Recurrent $479 $616 $746 Time delay* $406 $519 $636 Wasted Fuel $67 $90 $101 GHGs $6 $8 $9 Non-recurrent $442 $539 $598 Time delay* $374 $464 $525 Wasted Fuel $62 $70 $67 GHGs $6 $6 $6 Commercial Trucks (1996)* ← $595 → Cost of Congestion (TC + Commercial Trucks)** $1,516 $1,751 $1,940 Sources & Notes: Transport Canada (2006). Costs of Non-recurrent Congestion in Canada Transport Canada (2006). Costs of Urban Congestion in Canada * Expressed in 2007 dollars. CPI (BC): 1996 = 84, 2000 = 87.4 Transport Canada valued GHG emissions at $36.10/tone of CO2e (2007 = 100) Litres of fuel wasted 50% 60% 70% Recurrent (Millions of Litres) 62.10 82.79 93.14 Non-recurrent (Millions of Litres) 56.92 64.68 62.10 Total (Millions of Litres) 119.02 147.48 155.24 GHG Emissions (tones of CO2e) Recurrent 158,965 211,953 238,448 Non-recurrent 145,718 165,589 158,965 Total 304,683 377,542 397,413 Threshold ** Results at the 60% threshold are consistent with a Transport Canada study conducted in Vancouver in 1999, which pegged total congestion costs at $0.92 billion to $1.72 billion (includes passenger cars and commercial trucks, 2007 = 100). The price of fuel was adjusted from $0.3865/litre (2002 =100) to $1.082/litre (2007 average pump price, regular unleaded) South Fraser OnTrax Presentation
  14. 14. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry 141/30/2015 How can we reduce congestion? • Investment in road transportation infrastructure (PMH1, SFPR) • Transportation Demand Management (TDM) South Fraser OnTrax Presentation
  15. 15. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry 151/30/2015 If you got it a truck brought it!
  16. 16. 1/30/2015 The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry 16
  17. 17. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry Trucking Industry & BC’s Economy 171/30/2015 South Fraser OnTrax Presentation Annual Tax Payable for a Typical Tractor/Trailer
  18. 18. The Greening of the Motor Transport Industry 181/30/2015 A closer look at GHG emissions • BC GHG Inventory (2005) – 66,051,000 tones CO2e – 25,839,000 tones CO2e (39.1 percent) emitted by transportation sources including on-road, off-road, rail, domestic marine, and domestic aviation. – Light duty and heavy duty vehicles (on-road transportation) emitted 15,544,000 tones of CO2e (23.5 percent) . • 377, 542 tons of CO2e attributed to congestion represents: – 2.4 percent of GHG emissions from on-road transportation sources – 1.5 percent of GHG emissions from all transportation sources – 0.6 percent of BC’s total GHG inventory South Fraser OnTrax Presentation

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