Tales of Krishna’s Childhood by Dr. Nandita Krishna

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Presentation made by Dr. Nandita Krishna at the International Seminar on Mahabharata organized by Draupadi Trust in April 2012 at New Delhi.

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Tales of Krishna’s Childhood by Dr. Nandita Krishna

  1. 1. TALES OF KRISHNA’S CHILDHOOD GOPAS AND THEIR COWS
  2. 2. BABY KRISHNA DRAGGING THE HEAVY MORTAR
  3. 3. KRISHNA DEFEATING TWO ASURAS
  4. 4. KRISHNA KILLING A DEMON
  5. 5. KRISHNA ON GARUDA
  6. 6. ANIRUDDHA BOUND BYBANA’S SNAKE ROPES.Central door of thesouthern gopura.3RD ENCLOSURE
  7. 7. KRISHNA FIGHTINGBANA TO RESCUE HIS GRANDSON. Central door of the northern gopura. 3rd enclosure
  8. 8. DEVAS VERSUS ASURAS DEVAS versus ASURASDEVAS versus ASURASS versus ASURAKRISHNA ON GARUDA FIGHTSTHE ASURA BANA
  9. 9. KRISHNA LIFTING MOUNT GOVARDHANA
  10. 10. KRISHNA LIFTING MOUNT GOVARDANA
  11. 11. KRISHNA AND BALARAMA
  12. 12. KRISHNA KILLING CANURA AND MUSHTIKA
  13. 13. KRISHNA KILLING KAMSA ANGKOR WAT BANTEAY SREI
  14. 14. NORTH LIBRARY EAST PEDIMENT, ANGKOR WAT. EPISODE FROM MAHABHARATA .INDRA TRIES TO PUT OUT A FIRE IN THE KHANDAVA FOREST BY SENDING RAIN. KRISHNA’S ARROWS PREVENT THE WATER REACHING THE GROUND
  15. 15. VISHNU IN HIS HORSE INCARNATION AS HAYAGRIVAHOLDS THE HEADS OF THE DEMONS MADHU AND KAITABHA. West lintel of the inner entrance pavilion
  16. 16. VISHWAROOPA, ANGKOR WAT
  17. 17. VISHWAROOPA,PRASAT KRAVAN
  18. 18. MULTI-FACED IMAGES, BAYON, ANGKOR THOM
  19. 19. WHO IS THE 4-FACED FIGURE OF ANGKOR THOM? JAYAVARMAN? PROBABLY, IN ORDER TO BE IDENTIFIED WITH…2. BRAHMA? – Unlikely. No stories or attributes of the Creator are associated with the 4 faces.3. SHIVA? – Likely, because Bayon was a Shiva temple, but no other Shaivite attributes.4. BUDDHA – LOKESHVARA? Likely, because Jayavarman became a Buddhist,
  20. 20. THE 4-FACES TOP MOUNT MERU, WHICH MAKES UP THE 5 GATES OF ANGKORTHOM. IN THE STORY OF THE SAMUDRA MANTHANA, MERU IS THE CHURNINGSTICK. IT IS THE STORY OF VISHNU’S KURMA AVATARA
  21. 21. THE 4-FACED MERU IS FLANKED BY THE DEVAS AND ASURAS PULLING THE 7-HEADED SNAKE ROPE VASUKI
  22. 22. IN ANGKOR WAT AND ALL RELIEFS OF THE SAMUDRA MANTHANA, VISHNU STANDS ABOVE THE TORTOISE KURMA, WHO IS THE CHURNING STICK
  23. 23. 4- FACED HEADS MOST LIKELY TO BELONG TO VISHNU • • ON THE WALLS OF THE BAYON IN ANGKOR THOM, THERE ARE SCENES OF A 4-FACED, MULTI-HEADED VISHNU STEALING THE AMRITA DURING THE SAMUDRA MANTHANA. • THE CULT OF VISHNU HAD OBVIOUSLY ATTAINED GREAT INFLUENCE THAT KINGS IDENTIFIED WITH HIM. IN THE WAR WITH BANA, KRISHNA HAS MANY FACES AND HEADS
  24. 24. • THE MAHABHARATA REACHED ENORMOUS POPULARITY IN SOUTH EAST ASIA. IT BECAME LARGER THAN LIFE• EVEN TODAY, THE CITY CENTRES OF JAKARTA, CAPITAL OF INDONESIA, AND BALI HAVE A HUGE SCULPTURE OF THE BHAGAVAD GITA.• DANCE, DRAMAS AND PUPPET SHOWS ON THE MAHABHARATA KEEP THE STORY ALIVE AS AN
  25. 25. ARJUNA VIJAYA - BALI
  26. 26. ARJUNA VIJAYA - JAKARTA

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