Safe checkup - vmWare vSphere 5.0 22feb2012


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M.Ela International s.r.l. - Workshop tecnico su virtualizzazione (vSphere 5.0) e aggiornamento firmware infrastrutture tecnologiche

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  • vSphere 4.1 enabled higher consolidation ratios with unequaled performance by providing groundbreaking new memory management technology and expanding its resource pooling capabilities with new granular controls for storage and the network. The platform also offers dramatic “cloud scale” to support even the largest environments. Compute/Performance - Memory Compression – Reclaim application performance by up to 30% by reducing memory contention as a bottleneck Storage - Storage I/O Control – Set storage quality of service priorities per virtual machine for guarantee millisecond access to storage resources - Performance Reporting – Deliver key storage performance statistics regardless of storage protocol. Network - Network I/O Control – Set network quality of service priorities per flow type for guaranteed access to network resources. Scalability - vSphere 4.1 –Fully virtualize the data center and scale at least 2x more than ever before.   VMs per Cluster – 3,000 (3x vSphere 4.0) Hosts per vCenter – 1,000 (3x vSphere 4.0) Virtual Machines per Data Center – 5,000 (2x vSphere 4.0)   vSphere 4.1 extends its award winning availability and security capabilities with the world’s fastest live migrations and the ability to respond in parallel to any business need or change. Application services enhancements deliver new status details for high availability, tighter integration with an existing directory service, and new granular policies for virtual machine load-balancing.   Availability - vMotion – Speed and scale enhancements to vMotion deliver superior platform response and availability by migrating virtual machines up to 5x faster and enabling up to eight vMotion events in parallel. - VMware High Availability (HA) – Deeper diagnostic and health check for VMware High Availability (HA) further enhances the already high levels of availability for virtual machines. Security Active Directory integration –Seamless user authentication at the ESX or ESXi host (rather than vCenter Server) for centralized user management. Easily assign privileges to users or groups plus roll out permission rules across hosts. vShield Zones (new version available in Q3’10 Control - DRS Host Affinity – Set granular policies for virtual machine movement (for example, restricting a virtual machine to a specific host due to licensing impact). vSphere 4.1 builds on the VMware ecosystem not only in terms of increased hardware and software support but also by opening new possibilities for tie-in with cloud computing. Open and Interoperable Architecture – vSphere 4.1 enables partners to leverage new storage APIs for array integration (for availability requirements). The vSphere platform can also be leveraged through the new vCloud API for an open and interoperable computing model in the cloud. Expanded Support – The vSphere 4.1 latest hardware compatibility list (HCL) expands the platform to support more operating systems, devices, applications, and service providers than any other virtualization platform. This also now includes new support for 3 rd party serial port concentrators (for enhanced management) and the latest x86 processors on the market.
  • Accelerate VM storage placement decision to a storage pod by: Capturing VM storage SLA requirements Mapping to the storage with the right characteristics and spare space
  • VMCI enhancements
  • Data Recovery Enhancements - reports, performance, support of datastore maintenance windows
  • this is a key slide to describe how and why we have evolved our architecture to arrive at ESXi. architecture evolution Virtualization is a quickly evolving market and as such we have to evolve our products to drive the next phase of computing. Let’s take a trip down memory lane…I’m not sure how many of you had GSX, our first hypervisor architecture, but in the GSX architecture, hypervisor installed on the OS as an application and we relied heavily on the OS for resource management. Of course performance and reliability are jeopardized in that type of architecture. To move customers from virtualizing test / dev apps and really start considering virtualization for their production applications, we knew we needed to re-architect the hypervisor to get rid of its OS handicap. So in 2003, we introduced ESX, which runs bare metal and we evolved it to have the right level of reliability and performance to virtualize production applications such as Exchange, databases, etc. If we had not made the investment in the enabling architecture, virtualization adoption would have been much slower. We are again at a cross roads with virtualization, where we are moving from 10% virtual to a 100% virtual, a world where virtualization is second nature and the datacenter is converted into an elastic cloud. This world requires a light weight hypervisor that is incredibly simple and easy to deploy and manage, and we need to start the next phase of innovation that simplifies deployment and ongoing management of the hypervisor even further.  This is precisely why we started investing in ESXi many years ago.   ESXi is very similar to ESX – in fact they have the same underlying code base (which is about 100 MB) – but ESX architecture also includes a 2 GB service console, which is a stripped down Linux OS (RHEL) that is used for serviceability and partner integration. This bulky OS component comes with a lot of junk than we don’t need…It is difficult to manage, secure, and limits our nimbleness.  In fact, its functionality can be replaced with more appropriate tools that deliver all the benefits without the limitations. What we have done with ESXi is take away this bulky OS, and enhanced the platform with only the serviceability capabilities that we need and have implemented them in a way that is optimal for a distributed Cloud OS. Scripting is now done with remote tools – namely the vCLI and PowerCLI. Partner integration is now API-based instead of agent-based. This allows us to have a small and stateless architecture that is very easy to deploy and manage. So let me go over some of the benefits of the ESXi architecture. ------ Additional background info for interested presenters: Difference between ESX and ESXI: VMware ESX and VMware ESXi are both bare-metal hypervisors that install directly on the server hardware. Both provide industry-leading performance and scalability; the difference resides in the architecture and the operational management of VMware ESXi. Although neither hypervisor relies on an OS for resource management, VMware ESX relies on a Linux operating system, called the service console, to perform two management functions: executing scripts and installing third party agents for hardware monitoring, backup or systems management. The service console has been removed from ESXi, drastically reducing the hypervisor footprint and completing the ongoing trend of migrating management functionality from the local command line interface to remote management tools. The smaller code base of ESXi represents a smaller “attack surface” and less code to patch, improving reliability and security. The functionally of the service console is replaced by remote command line interfaces and adherence to system management standards.
  • Starting from the next release however vSphere will on be avilable with the ESXi hypervisor architecture. This slide shows the release note that we published when we launched vSphere 4.1 last July. ESX will continued to be supported according to our standard policy, however we won’t develop it further and it won’t allow customers to take advantage of the new features that will be part of vSphere future releases. For this reason, as you can see from the note we recommend that any new deployment of vSphere even in the current version are done using ESXi architecture and that customers migrate to ESXi with their upgrade vSphere 4.1
  • ESXi Upgrade Center -
  • ESXi Upgrade Center -
  • Safe checkup - vmWare vSphere 5.0 22feb2012

    1. 1. Seminario Tecnico 22 febbraio 2012
    2. 2. VMware vSphere ™ 5.0 Nuove funzionalità Marco Caserio [email_address] Febbraio 2012
    3. 4. <ul><li>vSphere 4.0 21 Maggio 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>vSphere 4.1 13 Luglio 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>vSphere 5.0 24 Agosto 2011 </li></ul>VMware ESXi 4.1 13 Luglio 2010 VMware ESXi 5.0 24 Agosto 2011
    4. 5. Agenda <ul><li>vSphere 5 Overview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure Services – Elaborazione, Storage, Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applications Services – Availability, Security, Scalability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional Features and Enhancements – “The Best of the Rest” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ESXi migration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vSphere 5 Kits and Editions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgrading </li></ul></ul>
    5. 6. <ul><li>vSphere 5 Overview ( Elaborazione ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convergenza di vSphere con ESXi™ Applications Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuovo formato delle macchine virtuali (versione 8) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporto per i prodotti Apple </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vSphere Storage DRS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Profile-Driven Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vSphere File System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vSphere Storage I/O Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vSphere Storage API Program </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>vSphere 5 Overview ( Rete ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>vSphere Network I/O Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vSphere Distributed Switch </li></ul></ul>
    7. 8. <ul><li>vSphere 5 Overview (Disponibilità) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>vSphere High Availability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vSphere vMotion </li></ul></ul>
    8. 10. What is vSphere ? <ul><li>Industry’s Most Complete and Robust Virtualization Platform </li></ul><ul><li>vSphere Provides: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure Services (Compute, Storage, Network) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application Services (Availability, Security, Scale, Performance) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management Services (Basic/Remote Management, Patching) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What Does vSphere Solve for Customers? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Streamlines IT Operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides a Powerful Disaster Recovery Strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports Running Mission-Critical Applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivers the Most Flexible Building Block for Leveraging the Cloud </li></ul></ul>
    9. 11. VMware vSphere : The Industry’s Leading Virtualization Platform Scalability VMware vSphere 4.1 Security Availability Network Storage Compute <ul><ul><li>vCenter Server </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Host Profiles </li></ul><ul><li>Linked Mode </li></ul><ul><li>Orchestrator </li></ul><ul><li>Update Mgr </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Application Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VMsafe APIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vShield Zones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot Add </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li># of Hosts, VMs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vMotion/S vMotion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributed Switch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network I/O Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VMFS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thin Provisioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage I/O Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage APIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ESX/ESXi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DRS/DPM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Memory Overcommit </li></ul></ul>
    10. 12. Introducing… The Best Platform for Cloud Infrastructures
    11. 13. VMware vSphere 5.0: What’s New? Scalability VMware vSphere 5 Security Availability Network Storage Compute <ul><ul><li>vCenter Server </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Virtual Appliance </li></ul><ul><li>Web Client </li></ul><ul><ul><li>vCenter Server </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ESXi Firewall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>32 way SMP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 TB VMs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New HA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vMotion over </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>higher latency links </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network I/O Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(per VM controls) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributed Switch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Netflow, SPAN, LLDP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage DRS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Profile-Driven Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VMFS 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage I/O Control (NFS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ESXi Convergence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Auto Deploy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HW version 8 </li></ul></ul>
    12. 14. Infrastructure Services – Compute, Storage, Network
    13. 15. ESXi Convergence <ul><ul><li>vSphere 5.0 will utilize the ESXi hypervisor exclusively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ESXi is the gold standard for hypervisors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thin architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller security footprint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Streamlined deployment and configuration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplified patching and updating model </li></ul></ul>vSphere ESXi
    14. 16. Auto Deploy Host Profiles Image Profiles <ul><ul><li>Deploy and patch vSphere hosts in minutes using a new “on the fly” model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination with vSphere Host Profiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid provisioning: initial deployment and patching of hosts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Centralized host and image management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce manual deployment and patch processes </li></ul></ul>vSphere vSphere vSphere vCenter Server with Auto Deploy vSphere
    15. 17. Storage DRS and Profile-Driven Storage <ul><ul><li>Tier storage based on performance characteristics (i.e. datastore cluster) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify initial storage placement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Load balance based on I/O </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource alignment with SLAs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate VM downtime for storage maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce time for storage planning/configuration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce errors in the selection and management of VM storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase storage utilization by optimizing placement </li></ul></ul>High IO Throughput Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3
    16. 18. Performance Guarantees – Network and Storage I/O Control <ul><ul><li>Set up SLAs for use of storage and network resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Added per virtual machine settings for Network I/O Control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Added NFS support for Storage I/O Control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate the “noisy neighbor” problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More granular SLA settings for network traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extend Storage SLAs to more VMs </li></ul></ul>1. VM requests more resources 2. Other VMs are starved for resources 3. w/ I/O controls, can give VIP VMs preferential access Overview
    17. 19. New Virtual Machine Capabilities <ul><ul><li>Client-connected USB devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USB 3.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Card Readers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-core virtual CPUs (in GUI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended VMware tools compatibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mac OS X server support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3D graphics </li></ul></ul>Additional Enhancements Richer Desktop Experience Broader Device Support
    18. 20. Application Services – Availability, Security, and Scalability
    19. 21. Scaling Virtual Machines <ul><ul><li>Create virtual machines with up to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>32 vCPU </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 TB of RAM </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4x size of previous vSphere versions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Run even the largest applications in vSphere, including very large databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtualize even more applications than ever before (Tier 1 and 2) </li></ul></ul>4x Overview
    20. 22. New HA Architecture NIC Teaming Multipathing VMware Fault Tolerance High Availability DRS Maintenance Mode vMotion Storage vMotion <ul><ul><li>New architecture for High Availability feature of vSphere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplified clustering setup and configuration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced reliability through better resource guarantees and monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced scalability </li></ul></ul>Component Server Storage VMFS VMFS Overview VMware
    21. 23. Additional Features and Enhancements
    22. 24. vCenter Server Appliance (Linux) <ul><ul><li>Run vCenter Server as a Linux-based appliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplified setup and configuration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables deployment choices according to business needs or requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leverages vSphere availability features for protection of the management layer </li></ul></ul>Overview
    23. 25. Web Client <ul><ul><li>Run and manage vSphere from any web browser anywhere in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Platform independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Replaces Web Access GUI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building block for cloud based administration </li></ul></ul>Overview
    24. 26. The Best of the Rest <ul><li>Platform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware Version 8 – EFI virtual BIOS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributed Switch (Netflow, SPAN support, LLDP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network I/O Controls (per VM), ESXi firewall </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VMFS 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iSCSI UI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage I/O Control (NFS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Array Integration for Thin Provisioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swap to SSD, 2TB+ VMFS datastores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage vMotion Snapshot Support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>vMotion with higher latency links </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Recovery Enhancements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inventory Extensibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution Installation and Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iPad client </li></ul></ul>
    25. 27. ESXi Migration
    26. 28. VMware ESXi: 3rd Generation Hypervisor Architecture <ul><li>VMware GSX </li></ul><ul><li>(VMware Server) </li></ul><ul><li>Installs as an application </li></ul><ul><li>Runs on a host OS </li></ul><ul><li>Depends on OS for resource management </li></ul><ul><li>VMware ESX </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Installs “bare metal” </li></ul><ul><li>Relies on a Linux OS (Service Console) for running partner agents and scripting </li></ul><ul><li>VMware ESXi Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Installs “bare metal” </li></ul><ul><li>Management tasks are moved outside of the hypervisor </li></ul>2001 2003 2007 The ESXi architecture runs independently of a general purpose OS, simplifying hypervisor management and improving security. VMware ESX Service Console VMware ESXi VMkernel VMkernel Windows or Linux OS VMware Server
    27. 29. Converging to ESXi with the Next vSphere Release <ul><li>With the GA of vSphere 4.1 in July 2010 VMware officially announced that starting with the next vSphere our hypervisor architecture will converge to ESXi </li></ul><ul><li>From the release note: </li></ul><ul><li>VMware vSphere 4.1 and its subsequent update and patch releases are the last releases to include both ESX and ESXi hypervisor architectures. Future major releases of VMware vSphere will include only the VMware ESXi architecture. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VMware recommends that customers start transitioning to the ESXi architecture when deploying VMware vSphere 4.1. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VMware will continue to provide technical support for VMware ESX according to the VMware vSphere support policy on the  VMware Enterprise Infrastructure Support  page. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To learn more about the ESXi architecture and how to migrate from ESX to ESXi, go to the  VMware ESXi and ESX InfoCenter . </li></ul></ul>
    28. 30. How Does A User Plan an ESX to ESXi migration? <ul><li>Visit the ESX and ESXi Info Center </li></ul><ul><li>Start testing ESXi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you’ve not already deployed, there’s no better time than the present </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ensure 3 rd party solutions used by your customers are ESXi Ready </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring, backup, management, etc. Most already are. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bid farewell to agents! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Familiarize with ESXi remote management options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition any scripts or automation that depended on the COS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Powerful off-host scripting and automation using vCLI, PowerCLI, … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plan an ESXi migration as part of vSphere upgrade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing of ESXi architecture can be incorporated into overall vSphere testing </li></ul></ul>
    29. 31. ESXi and ESX Info Center <ul><li>All Resources in One Centralized Location </li></ul>
    30. 32. vSphere 5 Kits and Editions
    31. 33. VMware vSphere Essentials Kits for Small Business Benefits
    32. 34. VMware vSphere Enterprise Editions Benefits
    33. 35. Interested in Upgrading?
    34. 36. Need More Details for Your Upgrade? Visit the Upgrade Center! <ul><li>All Upgrade Resources in One Centralized Location </li></ul>
    35. 37. Grazie
    36. 38. Riferimenti <ul><li>M.Ela International S.r.l. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Via Chambery 93/115 Q </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10142 Torino TO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tel.: 011 70 36 00 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fax: 011 70 07 17 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>