American   Romanticism
content        Introduction  Historical Background        TechnologyReform and Humanitarianism   Literature Characteristic...
Development of American Romanticism                England         ( in the last years of the 18th century )      Continen...
The Rising Reasons of American Romanticism   1. Fast development of the new nation   2. Development of journalism   3. ...
Historical Background   The number of states doubled, the population raised    to more than 31,000,000.   The belief tha...
Technology   A form of automation had come with the    construction of a one-man flour mill in Virginia;   American had ...
Reform and Humanitarianism    Before 1860                         In 1817     The United States had begun to       The S...
Literature Characteristics Transcendentalism Imaginative literature Free expression of emotion Nationalism
Transcendentalism A kind of feeling without or over reason Transcendentalists took ideas from: a. The romantic literatur...
Transcendentalism   Writer (Nathaniel Hawthorne in the 1860s)               Born: July 4,1804 Salem, Massachusetts       ...
Transcendentalism   Writer (Walt Whitman, 1887)                  Born: May 31, 1819 West Hills, Town of                  ...
Imaginative literature   Permanent convention of American literature    a. the desire for an escape from society    b. a ...
Imaginative literature   Authors and their worksErnest HemingwayMark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn William Faulknerstocking Ta...
Free expression of emotion   The novel of terror became the profitable literary staple that it    remains today.   Autho...
Nationalism Writers aimed to write works which were  expressive and characteristic of their own  nationality. Noah Webst...
Conclusion   Romantic period stretches from the end of the 18th century through    the outbreak of the Civil War.   Late...
资料:张云、任丁、董芳、李琼通稿:黄欢欢图片:李琼、董芳技术:陈雨校对:陈雨、黄欢欢、董芳、张云
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1 2-1 american romanticism background

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1 2-1 american romanticism background

  1. 1. American Romanticism
  2. 2. content Introduction Historical Background TechnologyReform and Humanitarianism Literature Characteristics Conclusion
  3. 3. Development of American Romanticism England ( in the last years of the 18th century ) Continental Europe America ( early in the 19th century )
  4. 4. The Rising Reasons of American Romanticism 1. Fast development of the new nation 2. Development of journalism 3. Foreign influence
  5. 5. Historical Background The number of states doubled, the population raised to more than 31,000,000. The belief that all white men were literally equal An industrial and urban society. Technology developed and economy grew. Simplicity, utility and perfection. The risen level of education and literacy The published imaginative literature and the increasing national and international fame
  6. 6. Technology A form of automation had come with the construction of a one-man flour mill in Virginia; American had invented the cotton gin, the sewing machine, and the telegraph; The principles of assembly-line mass production had been established; The fire and roar of newly perfected steam engines
  7. 7. Reform and Humanitarianism Before 1860  In 1817 The United States had begun to The Society for the Prevention of change into an industrial and Pauperism was formed urban society.  In 1837 In the first half of the 19th The first college-level institution century for women 1 ) New York became the capital  By the 1850s 2 ) People worked in business The level of education and and factories literacy had risen significantly 3 ) The change of the pursuit 4 ) Transcendentalists Ralph Waldo Emerson , the most famous of the Transcendentalists
  8. 8. Literature Characteristics Transcendentalism Imaginative literature Free expression of emotion Nationalism
  9. 9. Transcendentalism A kind of feeling without or over reason Transcendentalists took ideas from: a. The romantic literatures of Europe b. Neo-Platonism c. German idealistic philosophy d. The revelations of Oriental mysticism
  10. 10. Transcendentalism Writer (Nathaniel Hawthorne in the 1860s) Born: July 4,1804 Salem, Massachusetts United States Died: May 19, 1864 (aged 59) Plymouth, New Hampshire United States Main novels: The Scarlet Letter (1850) The Blithedale Romance (1852)
  11. 11. Transcendentalism Writer (Walt Whitman, 1887) Born: May 31, 1819 West Hills, Town of Huntington, Long Island, New York, U.S. Died: March 26, 1892 (aged 72) Camden, New Jersey, U.S. Main novels: Franklin Evans (1842) Leaves of Grass (1855)
  12. 12. Imaginative literature Permanent convention of American literature a. the desire for an escape from society b. a return to nature
  13. 13. Imaginative literature Authors and their worksErnest HemingwayMark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn William Faulknerstocking Tales Cooper’ Leather
  14. 14. Free expression of emotion The novel of terror became the profitable literary staple that it remains today. Authors: Poe Hawthorne Melville
  15. 15. Nationalism Writers aimed to write works which were expressive and characteristic of their own nationality. Noah Webster An American Dictionary of the English Language ( 1828 )
  16. 16. Conclusion Romantic period stretches from the end of the 18th century through the outbreak of the Civil War. Later American literature came to Transcendentalism Period which emphasized individualism, self-reliance, and rejection of tradition authority. The Civil War brought the Romantic Period to an end. The Age of Realism came into existence, which was against “the lie of romanticism and sentimentalism”. The period between 1910 and 1930 is referred to as the era of Modernism. During that period, a large number of artists and literary movements are totally different from those of the 19th- century’s, in style, form and content.
  17. 17. 资料:张云、任丁、董芳、李琼通稿:黄欢欢图片:李琼、董芳技术:陈雨校对:陈雨、黄欢欢、董芳、张云

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