MoEYS   Ministry of Education, Youth    and Sport, Cambodia HIV/AIDS in the Education Sector in Cambodia The 7th Meeting o...
Why is HIV/AIDS Education Important in Cambodia? <ul><li>Tragic history : The country can’t loose another generation. </li...
Estimated number of people aged 15-49 living with HIV/AIDS, 1990-2003, Cambodia:
HIV/AIDS is a priority for the Royal Government of Cambodia: <ul><li>The Government needs to  continue to rebuilt the soci...
What are the Legal Instruments? <ul><li>The  National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan  2006-2010: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To reduce ...
Why is it important for MoEYS to fight HIV/AIDS ? <ul><li>At least 3 reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>MoEYS is  responsible for ...
What will happen if HIV/AIDS infections increase ? <ul><li>The  enrolment will fall ,  </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled  teachers...
How is the MoEYS organized to fight HIV/AIDS? <ul><li>The  Interdepartmental Committee for HIV/AIDS  (ICHA) was created in...
ICHA ‘s Top Priorities: <ul><li>Develop HIV/AIDS  policies  and systems,  </li></ul><ul><li>Develop HIV/AIDS  curriculum  ...
The Ministry’s main achievements: <ul><li>HIV/AIDS is  integrated in the Curriculum  in grade 6,7,8 and 9, </li></ul><ul><...
Integrating HIV/AIDS in the Education Reform Program: <ul><li>Educational Plans (EFA, ESP and a related ESSP) have include...
Longer Term HIV/AIDS Planning in Education: <ul><li>Knowledge about HIV/AIDS is not a sufficient condition for HIV/AIDS re...
Conclusion: <ul><li>Inclusive and universal schooling is designed to optimize the effectiveness and coverage of specific H...
Welcome information on MoEYS website:  www.moeys.gov.kh Thank You.
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Cambodia

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Cambodia

  1. 1. MoEYS Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport, Cambodia HIV/AIDS in the Education Sector in Cambodia The 7th Meeting of WGEFA, UNESCO Paris, 19-21 July 2006 Presentation by H.E. Im Sethy Secretary of State and Vice Chair of the National EFA Commission
  2. 2. Why is HIV/AIDS Education Important in Cambodia? <ul><li>Tragic history : The country can’t loose another generation. </li></ul><ul><li>Highest prevalent rate (1.9%) of the region, </li></ul><ul><li>50% of pop. is less than 20 years old and have new risks and temptations, </li></ul><ul><li>30% of the population (>15-year old) is illiterate and not always have access to information on HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Over 10,000 Street Children in Phnom Penh, </li></ul><ul><li>58% of girls drop out of school after grade 5 (57% for boys) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Estimated number of people aged 15-49 living with HIV/AIDS, 1990-2003, Cambodia:
  4. 4. HIV/AIDS is a priority for the Royal Government of Cambodia: <ul><li>The Government needs to continue to rebuilt the society and ensuring proper education and health services, </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodian youth is increasingly exposed to HIV/AIDS and to new social temptation and risks. </li></ul><ul><li>In this context, MoEYS is implementing a National programme to deliver HIV/AIDS education in public school as well as reaching out to the most vulnerable children who do not yet have access to education. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What are the Legal Instruments? <ul><li>The National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan 2006-2010: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To reduce new infections of HIV/AIDS; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To provide care and support to people living with and affected by HIV/AIDS; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To alleviate the socio-economic & human impact of AIDS on the individual, family, community & society. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The National Law on HIV/AIDS mentions that MoEYS is responsible for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrating HIV/AIDS education in school curriculum; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focusing on In and Out-of-School Youth; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training Teachers; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperating with the civil society and NGOs. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Why is it important for MoEYS to fight HIV/AIDS ? <ul><li>At least 3 reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>MoEYS is responsible for the Cambodian youth (in and out of school) , </li></ul><ul><li>MoEYS is responsible for protecting its labor force from HIV/AIDS (over 100,000 staff), </li></ul><ul><li>MoEYS needs to develop new teaching methodologies and address new sensitive topics such as reproductive health and drug abuses. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What will happen if HIV/AIDS infections increase ? <ul><li>The enrolment will fall , </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled teachers could die , </li></ul><ul><li>Drop outs will increase, </li></ul><ul><li>The quality of education will decrease, </li></ul><ul><li>The financial resources allocated to education could be reduced to cover health. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How is the MoEYS organized to fight HIV/AIDS? <ul><li>The Interdepartmental Committee for HIV/AIDS (ICHA) was created in 1999 and is chaired by a Secretary of State, </li></ul><ul><li>ICHA is composed of 15 MoEYS Departments , </li></ul><ul><li>ICHA has a Strategic Plan and Annual Work Plans , supported by bilateral and multilateral donors, </li></ul><ul><li>ICHA 2006 annual budget is over USD 1,3 million . </li></ul><ul><li>DFID is providing a budget of USD 5 million </li></ul>
  9. 9. ICHA ‘s Top Priorities: <ul><li>Develop HIV/AIDS policies and systems, </li></ul><ul><li>Develop HIV/AIDS curriculum and textbooks, </li></ul><ul><li>Train teachers (Pre and In-Service), </li></ul><ul><li>National preventive education program for (approx. 6 million Cambodian youth), </li></ul><ul><li>Raise awareness of the MoEYS staff , </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce stigma and discrimination, </li></ul><ul><li>Progressively address sensitive topics and issues (Reproductive health, Drugs, Street Children). </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Ministry’s main achievements: <ul><li>HIV/AIDS is integrated in the Curriculum in grade 6,7,8 and 9, </li></ul><ul><li>A Life Skills Policy is implemented, </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS is part of the National Examination Plans, </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS textbooks and IEC are produced , </li></ul><ul><li>Pre and In-Service Teacher Trainings are progressively implemented across the country. </li></ul><ul><li>A Donor Coordination mechanism is established. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Integrating HIV/AIDS in the Education Reform Program: <ul><li>Educational Plans (EFA, ESP and a related ESSP) have included measures to address a number of cross-cutting issues, including ICT and HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an effective partnership and to decentralize the planning and management of HIV/AIDS awareness programs </li></ul><ul><li>Need to put in place sustainable financing systems for HIV/AIDS awareness program delivery </li></ul>
  12. 12. Longer Term HIV/AIDS Planning in Education: <ul><li>Knowledge about HIV/AIDS is not a sufficient condition for HIV/AIDS related behavior change </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt a long term and inter-generational view of HIV/AIDS prevention, involving grandparents, parents, young people and students </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to concentrate our efforts on rebuilding the society and ensuring proper education and health services to our population </li></ul>
  13. 13. Conclusion: <ul><li>Inclusive and universal schooling is designed to optimize the effectiveness and coverage of specific HIV/AIDS education programs </li></ul><ul><li>Improve opportunities to attend school as a key strategy in reducing the vulnerability of Cambodia’s young people to HIV/AIDS </li></ul>
  14. 14. Welcome information on MoEYS website: www.moeys.gov.kh Thank You.

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