Chapter 5 Lecture

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Chapter 5 Lecture

  1. 1. Corrections in the Community
  2. 2. <ul><li>Probation Supervision </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Investigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentence Investigation (PSI) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supervision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three steps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establish relationship, define roles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establish supervision goals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Termination </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>PSI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sentencing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Risk management </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plea bargaining </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>PSI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Valid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reliable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Victim impact statement </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>PSI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Controversial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agreement with actual sentence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plea-bargaining </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>PSI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disclosure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In many states defendants do not receive a copy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cleansing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confidential comments </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical statements </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>PSI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private PSIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Client-specific planning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Controversial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better job? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liability? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The Officer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivational interviewing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Offender </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perception </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Punitive conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treatment conditions </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Recidivism </li></ul><ul><li>Case Management Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical risk assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systematic needs assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact supervision standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workload accounting </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Evidence-Based Supervision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence-based practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Risk principle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supervision principle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Treatment principle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Referral principle </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Evidence-Based Supervision </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Specialized Supervision Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex offenders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drug offenders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mentally ill offenders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Techniques for drug surveillance and treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urinalysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Antabuse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Methadone </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Performance-Based Supervision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public safety </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Broken windows </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> probation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Is Probation Effective Regardless? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparison of probation strategies reveal little differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What if methods matter little but probation works? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction in criminality following probation sentence </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Probation Status Ends in One of Two Ways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Successful completion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revocation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical violation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Three Stages of Revocation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preliminary hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentencing </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>Dramatic changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing caseloads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two types of probation in the future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Probation officer as referral agent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Highly trained professional closely watching offenders </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Dramatic changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation by “performance indicators” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Community service projects performed by probationers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Probation fees and restitution collected </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Days free of drug use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Employment rates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taxes paid </li></ul></ul></ul>

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