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Nigerian Youths: Education, Welfare, Personal Development and Aspirations

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In recent years, the WHO, UNICEF and EU concerted effort has been made not only to delineate youth from children and adults while promoting policy reforms and frameworks for youth investment and coordination (WHO, 2002). The question then is how do we capture or provide evidences of the social, cultural and economic orientation of youths in Nigeria? What tools does policy stakeholders need to work with in dealing with these young people? Is there any advocacy for a long-term youth development strategy in Nigeria. The primary objective of this research is to provide empirical tools for public policy analysis on how to improve youth development in relation to social, cultural and economic developments/shocks

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Nigerian Youths: Education, Welfare, Personal Development and Aspirations

  1. 1. Nigerian Youths: Education, welfare and personal development LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT Solomon O. Oyeniran OyES (Oyeniran Education Support Services) Many thanks to OyES team members: Toba Olofinyehun and Debi Ukuemoluwa for the questionnaire development and administration for which they travelled to RCF LAUTECH Ogbomoso; spending many sleepless nights in data entry and cleanning.
  2. 2. Introduction • In recent years, the WHO, UNICEF and EU concerted effort has been made not only to delineate youth from children and adults while promoting policy reforms and frameworks for youth investment and coordination (WHO, 2002) • Around the world, governments are making youth national priorities by developing policies that recognize youth as an important population and link supports for young people to broader outcomes and long-term goals. • The 2013 Commonwealth Youth Development Index (YDI) provides key insight into the African dimension of these international youth issues
  3. 3. Rationale • Authors of the CYDI concludes that: "A country like Nigeria, for instance, has high teenage pregnancy, low levels of education, high youth unemployment, yet has a higher levels of civic participation than New Zealand. This suggests that although the youth have limited education and employment opportunities, Nigerian youth are looking elsewhere for active engagement“ • If Nigerian youths have potentials in civic participation, what can be done to improve their inclusivity in other key development indicators? • How do we capture or provide evidences of the social, cultural and economic orientation of youths in Nigeria? What tools does policy stakeholders need to work with in dealing with these young people? Is there any advocacy for a longterm youth development strategy in Nigeria
  4. 4. Objectives • The primary objective of this research is to provide empirical tools for public policy analysis on how to improve youth development in relation to social, cultural and economic developments/shocks • The research also aims to stimulate thoughts and opinions towards a strategic youth development framework in a developing suburban Nigerian economy • Build consensus around broad youth developmental, social, and economic outcomes by advocating for Youths at various level
  5. 5. Methodology • This study adopts a situation analysis approach, to gain understanding of 1000 youths vis-à-vis their living and education condition • A survey questionnaire instrument was developed based on initial participatory appraisal and focus group discussion among youths in previous studies • Quantitative data was generated from the questionnaire which were further analysed to produces the statistical results for this report
  6. 6. OyES is a research oriented, education and support service provider for people working with young adults in areas of career development, skill acquisition and family life. Its based in Nigeria and has branches and networks in Canada and Britain. OyES is also involved in securing/providing scholarships and encouraging entrepreneurship in young people. You can contact OyES on oyes01@outlook.com or +16477856798
  7. 7. Demographic dynamics and Level Composition Level/Year of Study composition Statistics: Mean(Average)* Age Number of People Living in each Student Room Average Schooling Cost (includes accommodation, feeding, clothing, tuition) 21.2 (2.6) 3.1 (5.5) Medicals, P ostgrads, Ex Pdites 2% 500Level 15% 100Level 20% 152719.1 (87160.5) Size of Family (including mum 5.6 and dad) (8.2) * Values in parenthesis are standard deviations RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT OyES (Oyeniran Education Support Services) 400Level 23% 200Level 21% 300Level 19%
  8. 8. Composition by State of Origin (%) and other Demographic Dynamics 40 36.84 Marital Status (%) 35 Disability(%) 30 26.5 Disabled, 0.19 married , 0.18 25 20 15 10 Not Disabled, 99.81 11.98 9.62 5 0 RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT OyES (Oyeniran Education Support Services) Single , 99.82 7.8 1.63 1.45 1.27 1.27 0.54 0.36 0.36 0.18 0.18
  9. 9. Are you fulfilled in the course you're currently doing? No 10% RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT OyES (Oyeniran Education Support Services) Yes 90%
  10. 10. Subgroup, religious experience and Faculty membership No subgroup or ommitted 40% Choir 8% Foundation School 8% Sanctuary and decoration 6% Drama 5% Evangelism 4% Prayer 4% IT Excos or Area Coord(?) or… Management Sciences 11% 6% Engineering and Technology 22% 3% Welfare 3% Editorial andpublicity 3% Ushering 3% Bible study Can't Remember, when young or a little child/childhood 7.3% 2% Academic subgroup Follow up 2% Media 2% Technical 2% Agricultural Basic Medical Sciences Sciences Pure and 16% 17% Applied Sciences Faculty Membership 24% 2% Transport 1% 2002 2013 2006 2.7% 2.9% 2.9% 2001 2004 2003 1.8% 2.0% 2000 1999 1.3% 1998 1997 0.9% 0.9% 0.4% 0.4% 1% RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT [OyES (Oyeniran Education Support Services)] 2012 11.5% 2007 5.3% 2005 3.8% 2011 2009 13.5% 2008 13.1% 12.4% Religious experience Subgroup Membership (%) ExPDites, Jam Environment bites 4% al Sciences 3% Sunday School Library 2010 17.0%
  11. 11. working force and executive/leadership segmentation of youths in Civic Activities NonWorkers 38% Workers 62% RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT OyES (Oyeniran Education Support Services) Exco 10% Non Exco 52%
  12. 12. Youth Education source of finance and support opportunities (%) 100 90 parent/guardian 94.53 Do you see a need for more church/alumni support? not sure 2% 80 70 60 both parents are alive 1% 87 73 Yes No 45% 27 13 40 Dad 30 20 10 self and parent/gaurdian 2.19 0 RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT OyES (Oyeniran Education Support Services) Only one parent alive 16% No Yes 53% 50 Parent's Living Status or none of Condition Are your parents working? (%) self 1.82 both parents are alive 83% Mum government/NGO parent/gaurdian and scholarship government/NGO Scho 0.18 0.73 parent/guardian and Church/fellowship/a 0.36 church/fellowship/alumni 0.18
  13. 13. Youth Social Media Orientation But some see social media as “fairly” a distraction Strongly Agree 6% Disagree 37% Agree 15% Fairly Agree 42%
  14. 14. Mobile phone use and access to information Strongly Do you see social media as a form of distraction? 68.25 Agree 60 Do you have a mobile phone? No 1% 50 40 Do you see your phone as a source of information apart from making calls? 30 20 10 Disagree Agree 0 No 12% Yes 99% Yes 88% 10.77 4.74 Nokia Do you connect to the internet with your phone? Fairly Agree Blackberry Samsung 4.38 Techno 3.47 LG RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT OyES (Oyeniran Education Support Services) 3.1 Others 2.92 0.73 0.73 0.36 0.18 HTC iPhone 0.18 0.18
  15. 15. Is there a need for government in our education and in what Do you see a need for more government areas? No 7% support? Yes 93% RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT OyESS (Oyeniran Education Support Services)
  16. 16. Does the university provide you with means to connect to the internet? Strongly Agree 60 90 50 80 40 70 20 50 Do you see your phone as a source of information apart from making calls? 30 60 Do you see social media as a form of distraction? 10 Disagree 40 0 Agree 30 20 10 0 Yes No Does the university provide you with means to connect to the internet? RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT OyESS (Oyeniran Education Support Services) Fairly Agree Mobile Phone Use and Social Media
  17. 17. What impact religion is having on youth academic performance Academic Status before Salvation experience Present academic status Excellent Excellent % Excellent Good Poor % 18.55 69.22 12.24 Poor Excellent Good Poor RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT OyES (Oyeniran Education Support Services) 56.14 Poor Good 41.72 2.14 Good
  18. 18. Youths Personal Development Priorities/Plan (PDP) CHANGE OF INSTITUTION 1% ACADEMIC SUPERVISION 7% FINANCIAL AIDS 10% CHANGE OF COURSE/DEPARTMENT 2% ACCESS TO INFORMATION 14% SUFFICIENT FOOD 9% BETTER EDUCATIONAL POLICY 10% HEALTH SUPPORT 8% SPIRITUAL MENTOR 12% BETTER ACCOMODATION 6% ACADEMIC MENTOR 11% SCHOLARSHIP 10% RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT OyESS (Oyeniran Education Support Services)
  19. 19. Major Constraints Affecting Youths Academic Standard INCOMPETENCY OF LECTURERS 14% FAMILY SIZE 1% DISABILITY INADEQUACY OF FOOD 0% 6% UNAVAILABILITY OF BOOKS 7% HEALTH PROBLEMS 2% HIGH COST OF LIVING 5% INSUFFICIENT FUNDS 12% POOR ACCOMODATION 3% CORRUPTION AMONG SCHOOL AUTHORITIES 8% INACCESSIBLE INFORMATION 10% EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCES 14% EDUCATIONAL POLICY/SYSTEM 13% RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT OyES (Oyeniran Education Support Services) RELIGIOUS DUTIES/OFFICE 1% PEER GROUP/FRIENDS 4%
  20. 20. University Students’ Plans After Graduation Post University Plans 0% Venture in entreprenuership 5% No response 29% other (travel abroad etc) 1% Further Education 54% Get a job 10% work and further Education simultaneously 1% RCF LAUTECH 2013 SURVEY DATA ANALYSIS/RESULT OyES (Oyeniran Education Support Services)
  21. 21. Concluding Remarks • The average youth in Nigeria is of the age 21years, is 1 in family of 6, has 2 other people living in the same room on campus/school and has an average expenditure budget of 152,719naira per annum. • While often neglected, disabled people form a part of the youth population and some are married. There is a level of biodiversity among youths in a particular setting coming from different state of the country but with few northerners. This could be because the survey was carried in South-West Nigeria. • About 53% of youths see a need for more support from external sources for their educational needs. Parents are primary source of finance for youths schooling yet a number of such parents are no longer alive while among those that are alive, quiet a number of such parents, are not making income to support their children's education. This calls for greater government support.
  22. 22. Concluding Remarks • Emotional disturbances and incompetency of lecturers seem to be the leading factors hindering the academic standard of youths while the need to get a spiritual and academic mentor seem to be youths’ development priorities. The issue of spiritual and academic mentor should be looked into because the youths need to find human motivation for what they aspire to be and maybe just someone to put reality on the dreams and vision they have. • PDP is a structured and supported process undertaken by a learner to reflect upon their own learning, performance and/or achievement and to plan for their personal, educational and career development. It is an inclusive process, open to all learners, in all learning settings, and at all levels. Effective PDP improves the capacity of youths to review, plan and take responsibility for their own learning and to understand what and how they learn. PDP will help youth articulate their learning and the achievements and outcomes of education more explicitly, and supports the concept that learning is a lifelong and lifewide activity.

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