AAMC Presentation


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2008 GIR Spring Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

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AAMC Presentation

  1. 1. Trends in Classroom Video Capture andDistribution: Technologies and Policy Implications Jenn Stringer, Director of Education Technology jenn@stanford.edu Andy Wasklewicz, Technology Architect andypw@stanford.edu
  2. 2. Overview• Stanford Context • Open Content• Capture Trends • Intellectual Property• Hardware • Copyright• Delivery Methods • Release Issues• Storage • Appropriate Use• Enterprise solutions • Archiving• Open Source Initiaves AAMC GIR 2008
  3. 3. More Questions than Answers AAMC GIR 2008
  4. 4. Audience Questions• How many of you currently capture and what are you using?• Are you moving to an enterprise architecture?• How many of you have a full set of policies to guide you? AAMC GIR 2008
  5. 5. Basic Facts• Medical School Students: 500• Students in 5+ years Graduate Students: 820• Postdoctoral Scholars & Clinical Fellows: 1418• Undergraduate & graduate students outside the SoM served by the school: 628• Research faculty has doubled in 11 years (from 239 in FY92 to 452 in FY03)• Courses: Structured integrated curriculum• Faculty: Practicing clinicians and researchers AAMC GIR 2008
  6. 6. School of Medicine Spaces• 7,000 events 2006-07• Large auditorium *• Lecture Halls *• Computer Labs• Small Group spaces• Clinical Skills Center *• Wet Labs AAMC GIR 2008
  7. 7. History of Classroom Capture• 1970’s - Capture on 3/4 inch tape by video services unit - available for checkout in LRC.• 1980’s - Capture run by LRC on VHS available for checkout• 1998 - Streaming video via Real• 2007 - Real VoD AAMC GIR 2008
  8. 8. Classroom Capture• VoD - Courses - Grand Rounds - Special Events• 2500 hours per year• Average Quarter AAMC GIR 2008
  9. 9. 2007 Winter Quarter Course Views NBIO 206 790 INDE 202 73 INDE 220 575 INDE 223 1,398 IMM 205 356 SURG 203 B 94 Total 3,286 AAMC GIR 2008
  10. 10. Curriculum Changes• Move to fewer lectures• More small group and team-based learning• More integrated approach - move away from discipline based courses• We still capture a lot AAMC GIR 2008
  11. 11. Autumn Winter SpringYear 1 FOUNDATIONS OF MEDICINE I FOUNDATIONS OF MEDICINE II HUMAN HEALTH & DISEASE I • Cells to Tissues •Genetics •The Nervous System •Cardiovascular • Molecular •Development & Disease •Immunology •Pulmonary Foundations of Mechanisms •Gross Anatomy of Head & Neck Medicine •Introduction to Organ Systems Gross Anatomy PRACTICE OF MEDICINE I PRACTICE OF MEDICINE II PRACTICE OF MEDICINE III SCHOLARLY CONCENTRATIONS HUMAN HEALTH & DISEASE II HUMAN HEALTH & DISEASE III PRACTICE OF MEDICINE VIYear 2 •Renal/Genitourinary •Brain and Behavior TRANSITION TO CLINICAL CLERKSHIPS •Gastrointestinal/Liver •Hematology April May •Endocrine/Reproductive •Multi-Organ System •1-month •Study for USMLE intensive •Begin clinical PRACTICE OF MEDICINE IV PRACTICE OF MEDICINE V preparation for clerkships clerkships SCHOLARLY CONCENTRATIONS CLINICAL CLERKSHIPSYear 3, 4, [5] 8 Weeks 6 Weeks 4 Weeks Selectives Electives Internal Medicine Obstetrics & Family Medicine Ambulatory Practice (8 weeks) Pediatrics Gynecology Psychiatry Subinternship Surgery Neurology Critical Care APPLIED BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES SCHOLARLY CONCENTRATIONS Block 1 Block 4 AAMC GIR 2008 Block 2 Block 3 Block 5 FOUNDATIONS OF MEDICINE HUMAN HEALTH & DISEASE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE CLINICAL CLERKSHIPS APPLIED BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES
  12. 12. Li Ka Shing Center for Learning and Knowledge AAMC GIR 2008
  13. 13. Li Ka Shing Center for Learning and Knowledge AAMC GIR 2008
  14. 14. Building Organization Student Center Satellite Library Administration Dean’s Offices Seminar Classrooms Conference Center Studio Classroom Lecture Rooms & Cafe Virtual Reality Suite Virtual Hospital AAMC GIR 2008
  15. 15. General Trends• Growth of video on demand (VoD), less streaming• Single event, office capture• Open content• Multiple distribution channels AAMC GIR 2008
  16. 16. Distribution Channels• Home grown solutions• iTunesU• Youtube• Custom applications• Learning Management Systems AAMC GIR 2008
  17. 17. Capture Hardware• Students can/will capture lecture themselves• Consumer hardware• Smaller, cheaper, faster, portable AAMC GIR 2008
  18. 18. Storage• Cheaper, faster, bigger• Expectations of higher quality• Expectations of multi-format & sizes• Repurpose content AAMC GIR 2008
  19. 19. Storage Estimates Hours captured DV File Size HDV 1080i File Size H.264 Large H.264 Small 640x480 320x240 1 13 GB 11 GB ~ 500 MB ~ 225 MB 2500 32 TB 27 TB 1.2 TB 550 GB AAMC GIR 2008
  20. 20. Integration• Classroom scheduling• Learning Management Systems• Chalkboard 2.0• Capture expectations AAMC GIR 2008
  21. 21. Non-Enterprise Solutions• Encode at point of capture• Difficult to scale• Proprietary formats• Lack of long term storage or archive solution AAMC GIR 2008
  22. 22. Shift to “Enterprise” Solution• Non proprietary formats• Multi distribution points• Support mobile learning• Capture everything AAMC GIR 2008
  23. 23. Prototype System• Requirements - Speed - Scalability - Automation - Flexibility• Apple - Podcast Producer & Telestream - Episode Engine AAMC GIR 2008
  24. 24. Podcast Producer Episode Engine Primary Master Primary Master Xgrid Cluster Episode Engine ClusterPublish Shared Storage MAM System iTunesU WebServer YouTube AAMC GIR 2008
  25. 25. Open Source Initiatives !"#$%&()*+,*-+.• UC Berkeley, OpenCast• ETH Zurich, Replay• maclearning.org AAMC GIR 2008
  26. 26. Institutional Policy AAMC GIR 2008
  27. 27. Open Content• Initiatives (iTunesU, public portals, MIT OpenCourse, others?)• Schools of Medicine?• Public available to all• Limited to only students enrolled? the wider campus? AAMC GIR 2008
  28. 28. Intellectual Property• Huge faculty concern• Institutional policy around IP• Different from copyright of presentation• Case study - Course syllabi when a faculty member leaves the IP goes with them, but the copyrighted syllabus remains with the university. AAMC GIR 2008
  29. 29. Copyright of captured lecture• Usually university owns the copyright if its resources are used.• Watermarking, bumpers, drm, other?• Case study - Student brings camera to talk and asks permission to tape. Uses their own equipment. Who owns it? AAMC GIR 2008
  30. 30. Permissions and Releases• Permission/Release forms - Your own? Creative Commons? - revokable - repurpose - educational use/non-profit• Who is responsible? (Office of Ed? Courses? Departments? IT?) - How long do you keep (digital? original? record only?) AAMC GIR 2008
  31. 31. Appropriate Use and Reuse• Applies to more than just video/audio• To share or not share• Balance student needs with faculty concerns and institutional rights AAMC GIR 2008
  32. 32. Stanford’s Course Content Access andAppropriate Use Policy• Cover all course materials (electronic and hard copy)• Provide students with more flexibility to access course materials• Clarify policy on student sharing of course materials• Address faculty concerns regarding redistribution of content• Provide mechanism for addressing policy violations AAMC GIR 2008
  33. 33. "Stanford University School of Medicine course materials are intended forcurriculum and course related purposes and are copyrighted by theUniversity. Appropriate access to this content is given for personalacademic study and review purposes only. Unless otherwise stated inwriting, this content may not be shared, distributed, modified, transmitted,reused, sold, or otherwise disseminated. These materials may also beprotected by additional copyright; any further use of this material may bein violation of federal copyright law. Violators of this policy will bereferred to the Committee on Professionalism, Performance andPromotion for disciplinary purposes.” AAMC GIR 2008
  34. 34. University of MichiganI acknowledge that I am a student accessing these materials for courses inmy current academic year. By downloading the audio or video streamsmade available by the University of Michigan School of Medicine, I agreeto use the content for non commercial personal academic study andreview purposes only. I understand that I am bound by UMMS copyrightpolicies. I will under no circumstances distribute, modify, transmit, reuse,report, or sell the contents of the material. I agree to delete the file frommy computer prior to the end of the academic period. AAMC GIR 2008
  35. 35. Archiving• How long?• Who decides?• Retrieval• Deep storage AAMC GIR 2008
  36. 36. Lessons Learned• Video is everywhere• Media scalability/flexibility• Viable open source community AAMC GIR 2008
  37. 37. AAMC GIR 2008