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RIGEA Latin America

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RIGEA Latin America

  1. 1. Latin AmericaInter-related Physical and Human Geographies http://geographyeducation.org/regional/south-america/
  2. 2. General Outline• Mountains and Economics• Mountains and Agriculture• Human Development Index (HDI)•
  3. 3. Natural hazards-Plate Tectonics
  4. 4. Andes--Perfect Subduction Zone
  5. 5. Chilean Economy• Pacific Rim• Elongated, Andes• Southern Hemisphere
  6. 6. The Andes—Historical Divide
  7. 7. Atacama Desert• Orographic Lifting• Cold Ocean Currents
  8. 8. Agricultural Region-Las Pampas• Grains, Livestock• Breadbasket• Similar to Midwest in USA
  9. 9. Brazilian Agriculture• Coffee, Citrus, Tobacco (1st)
  10. 10. General Outline• Natural Disasters• Mountains and agriculture• Human Development Index (HDI)•
  11. 11. Altitudinal Zonation
  12. 12. ALTITUDINAL ZONATION TIERRA CALIENTE (Tropical) Bananas, Cocoa, Sugar, Rice 3000’ 750 m Sea SeaLevel Level
  13. 13. ALTITUDINAL ZONATION TIERRA TEMPLADA (Temperate) Coffee, Rice, Corn, Beans 6,500’ 1800 m 3000’ 600 m Sea SeaLevel Level
  14. 14. ALTITUDINAL ZONATION TIERRA FRIA (Mid-latitude like) Corn, Wheat, Potato 12,000’ 3,600 m 6,500’ 2,000 m 3000’ 600 m Sea SeaLevel Level
  15. 15. ALTITUDINAL ZONATION TIERRA HELADA (Alpine) 12,000’ Grazing, Mining 3,600 m 6,500’ 2,000 m 3000’ 600 m Sea SeaLevel Level
  16. 16. Culture and Altitudinal Zonation Indigenous Areas Spanish settlements African Influence
  17. 17. SOUTHAMERICA’S CULTURE SPHERES
  18. 18. The Caribbean… A carnival of abundance The Carribean…“Races of all continents have miscegenated there, cultures andcustoms most foreign to each other have syncretized, nature hasexploited into myriads of forms, and the constant feast of colorand sounds has goaded the formal carnival to paroxysm…” Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian novelist
  19. 19. South American Drug Trade
  20. 20. MAINLAND vs RIMLAND
  21. 21. General Outline• Natural Disasters• Mountains (Altitudinal Zonation)• Human Development Index (HDI)•
  22. 22. HDI-Levels of Human Development • Income • Life Expectancy • Literacy • Education
  23. 23. HDICountry HDI (2012)Mexico 57Guatemala 131Belize 93El Salvador 105Honduras 121Nicaragua 129Costa Rica 69Panama 58Columbia 88http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_Human_Development_Index
  24. 24. Regional Consequences• Migration – Source countries? – Destinations?• Foreign Investment – Where would you invest?• Political stability – Military power
  25. 25. Alajuela, Costa Rica
  26. 26. Costa Rica
  27. 27. Costa Rica Airport

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