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Economic Geography Rick Gindele NCGE 2013


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Rick Gindele's Economy Geography presentation at NCGE 2013 for the APHG strand

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Economic Geography Rick Gindele NCGE 2013

  1. 1. New Approaches to Old Models in Economic Geography Rick Gindele, Cherry Creek HS
  2. 2. Top Challenges for AP Human Geography Teachers critique of models economic location theory economic development strategies
  3. 3. Economic Geography Models von Thunen Bid-Rent Weber
  4. 4. Why do so many teachers struggle with these concepts?
  5. 5. Common Questions Where is economic geography in the AP course outline? Where do these models fit in the course outline? Why study models? How do these models work in reality? Are these models outdated? How are these theories, concepts, and models related?
  6. 6. Which models/concepts are least represented in the major textbooks?
  7. 7. Land Use Theory & Bid-Rent Theory
  8. 8. Rubenstein James. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography, 11th Edition, Pearson, 2014. ????
  9. 9. Fouberg,Erin, H., Alexander B. Murphy, & H.J. de Blij. Human Geography: People,Place, and Culture, 10th Edition. Wiley & Sons, 2012. ????
  10. 10. Knox, Paul, L., & Sallie A. Marston. Human Geography: Places and Regions in Global Context, 5th Edition. Pearson, 2010. Text
  11. 11. Fellmann, Jerome, D., Mark D. Bjelland, Arthur Getis, & Judith Getis, Human Geography: Landscapes of Human Activities, 11th Edition. McGraw Hill, 2010. Text
  12. 12. Where is bid-rent in the AP course outline? Text
  13. 13. When has bid-rent been on the AP test? Text
  14. 14. 2007 Text Text
  15. 15. How deep is your background knowledge for the numerous topics in the AP course outline?
  16. 16. Land Use Theory & Bid-Rent Theory 1975 Text
  17. 17. Chapter 13, Urbanization Urbanization as a Spatial Process Accessibility within Cities The Geometry of Land Values, 337-341, w/5 diagrams1 Land Use Mosaics, Chicago Style Population Density Patterns Chapter 14, City Chains and Hierarchies A Rule for the Size Distribution of Settlements, 356-362 The Christaller Central Place Model, 362-380 Chapter 15, Worlds Beyond the City, 1: Agricultural Zone and Industrial Centers Thunen and Land Use Zoning, 383-392 Weber and Industrial Location, 392-399
  18. 18. Chapter 2, Land Use Theory Classic Theory of Rural Land Use, 13-39 (Von Thunen) Urban Land Use, 32-37 (bid-rent) Chapter 3, Spatial Patterns of Land Use Rural Land Use Urban Land Use Chapter 4, Industrial Location Theory Least Cost Theory, 88-98 (Weber)
  19. 19. Economic Geography How is land allocated among the many human activities competing for it? Is there any predictable/logical pattern that emerges due to this competition?
  20. 20. Land Use Theory limited supply of land competition for control of particular parcels
  21. 21. rural land use theory (19th century) urban land use theory (20th century) both are closely related challenges the same, but urban is vastly more complicated Evolution of Land Use Theory
  22. 22. What determines how land is used? Rural - what type of primary activities is land used for? Urban - commercial, residential, transportation, wholesaling, retail, warehousing, manufacturing, recreation, etc...... Suburban?
  23. 23. How much land is available/needed for a particular use?
  24. 24. Economic Space of Land Quality - site characteristics Location - its utility in relationship to other activities
  25. 25. Functional Accessibility of Land Measured in terms of cost, time, and effort to reach a given spot.
  26. 26. Functional accessibility is subject to change! transportation innovations population growth (traffic congestion) government policies culture?
  27. 27. Economic location varies in importance with the type of activity.
  28. 28. Location of Private Golf Courses
  29. 29. Sometimes quality and location are at odds with each other. Central Valley of California
  30. 30. extensive - large quantities of land are required relative to labor and capital expenses intensive - little land is used with increased costs for labor and capital expenses Extensive vs. Intensive
  31. 31. Bid-Rent Theory The price and demand for land changes with distance from the CBD. Different land uses will compete for desirable pieces of property in order to maximize profits. Accessibility increases the potential for more customers. There is a trade-off between accessibility and cost of land.
  32. 32. ties together rural and urban land use principles Bid-Rent Theory
  33. 33. Bid-Rent Curves for Banks & Golf Courses
  34. 34. Bid-Rent Curves with Secondary Centers & Arterials
  35. 35. Highlands Ranch, CO
  36. 36. Highest & Best Use!
  37. 37. Sources: Conklin, Edgar, J., & Maurice Yeates. Man’s Economic Environment. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1976. Print. Haggett, Peter. Geography: A Modern Synthesis, 2nd Edition. London, UK. Harper & Row, 1975. Print.
  38. 38. Intellectual Modeling? connectivity accessibility networks site & situation time-space compression distance decay mobility intervening obstacles & opportunities