to Old Models in
Rick Gindele, Cherry Creek HS
Top Challenges for
AP Human Geography Teachers
critique of models
economic location theory
economic development strategies
Economic Geography Models
Why do so many teachers
struggle with these
Where is economic geography in the AP course outline?
Where do these models fit in the course outline?
Why study models?
How do these models work in reality?
Are these models outdated?
How are these theories, concepts, and models related?
least represented in
the major textbooks?
Chapter 13, Urbanization
Urbanization as a Spatial Process
Accessibility within Cities
The Geometry of Land Values, 337-341, w/5
Land Use Mosaics, Chicago Style
Population Density Patterns
Chapter 14, City Chains and Hierarchies
A Rule for the Size Distribution of
The Christaller Central Place Model, 362-380
Chapter 15, Worlds Beyond the City, 1:
Agricultural Zone and Industrial Centers
Thunen and Land Use Zoning, 383-392
Weber and Industrial Location, 392-399
Chapter 2, Land Use Theory
Classic Theory of Rural Land Use, 13-39
Urban Land Use, 32-37 (bid-rent)
Chapter 3, Spatial Patterns of Land Use
Rural Land Use
Urban Land Use
Chapter 4, Industrial Location Theory
Least Cost Theory, 88-98 (Weber)
How is land allocated among the many
human activities competing for it?
Is there any predictable/logical pattern
that emerges due to this competition?
Land Use Theory
limited supply of land
competition for control of particular parcels
rural land use theory (19th century)
urban land use theory (20th century)
both are closely related
challenges the same, but urban is vastly
Evolution of Land Use Theory
What determines how land is used?
Rural - what type of primary activities is
land used for?
Urban - commercial, residential,
transportation, wholesaling, retail,
warehousing, manufacturing, recreation,
How much land is available/needed for a
Economic Space of Land
Quality - site characteristics
Location - its utility in relationship to
Functional Accessibility of Land
Measured in terms of cost, time, and effort to reach a
Functional accessibility is
subject to change!
population growth (traffic congestion)
Economic location varies in importance with
the type of activity.
Sometimes quality and location
are at odds with each other.
Central Valley of California
extensive - large quantities of land are
required relative to labor and capital
intensive - little land is used with increased
costs for labor and capital expenses
Extensive vs. Intensive
The price and demand for land changes
with distance from the CBD.
Different land uses will compete for
desirable pieces of property in order to
Accessibility increases the potential for
There is a trade-off between accessibility
and cost of land.
ties together rural
and urban land use