Scotland

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Scotland

  1. 1. SCOTLAND
  2. 2. <ul><li>Scotland (Gaelic: Alba ) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest. In addition to the mainland, Scotland consists of over 790 islands including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides </li></ul><ul><li>Area - 78,772 km2 </li></ul><ul><li>Capital – Edinburgh ( 55°57′N 3°12′W )   </li></ul><ul><li>Largest city – Glasgow </li></ul><ul><li>Currency - Pound sterling (GBP) </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic groups - 89% Scottish </li></ul><ul><li>7% English, Irish, Welsh </li></ul><ul><li>4% other </li></ul>Welcome to Scotland!
  3. 3. Flag Royal Standard The Thistle (national flower) Kilt (national costume) St Andrew (p atron ) Bagpipe (music instrument) Symbols Loch Ness monster
  4. 4. Scottish landscapes Ben Nevis is the highest peak in Great Britain Large parts of the Scottish coastline are dune pasture, such as here at Traigh Seilebost on the Isle of Harris The island of Little Cumbrae with the Isle of Arran in the background
  5. 5. <ul><li>12,800 years ago - groups of hunter-gatherers arrived in Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>9,500 years ago - the first known permanent houses on Scottish soil </li></ul><ul><li>6,000 years ago - the first villages </li></ul><ul><li>43 - first record about Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>82 or 83 – Agricola (from Rome) sent a fleet of galleys up round the coast of Scotland, as far as the Orkney Islands </li></ul><ul><li>71-213 -Scotland during the Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>563 - Saint Columba settled on the island of Iona for spreading Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>843 - The Kingdom of Scotland was united </li></ul><ul><li>1034 - Rise of the kingdom of Alba </li></ul><ul><li>1296–1328 - The First War of Scotish independence </li></ul><ul><li>1332–1357 - begining of the second war of independence </li></ul>History
  6. 6. <ul><li>1560 - Protestant Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>1605 - Scottish clans began to undergo a forced migration to Ireland in order to clear land for the king's recreation </li></ul><ul><li>1644 and 1651 - Wars of the Three Kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>1690 - begining of famine and depopulation </li></ul><ul><li>May 1, 1707 -  Union with England </li></ul><ul><li>1756–1763 -The Seven Years' War </li></ul><ul><li>25 January 1759 – Birthday of Robert Burns </li></ul><ul><li>2 October 1929 – the Church of Scotland and the United Free Church of Scotland formally reunited </li></ul><ul><li>11 September 1997 - the 700th anniversay of Battle of Stirling Bridge </li></ul><ul><li>1999 -establishment of a devolved Scottish Parliamen </li></ul>History
  7. 7. Balmoral Castle 1856 Scottish castles Glamis Castle
  8. 8. Fyvie Castle 13 th century Scottish castles Castle Fraser 1636
  9. 9. Drumlanrig Castle 17th century Scottish castles Taymouth Castle
  10. 10. Bagpipe parade Still from film “Braveheart” 1995 Culture Scottish Highland Dance
  11. 11. Looking down The Royal Mile Edinburgh <ul><li>Scots: Edinburgh/Embra/Emburrie Gaelic:Dùn Èideann </li></ul><ul><li>Founded - 7th century </li></ul><ul><li>City status – 1889 </li></ul><ul><li>Population - 471,650 </li></ul><ul><li>Area - 259 km2 </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinates - 55°56′58″N 3°9′37″W </li></ul>An 1802 illustration of Edinburgh from the west
  12. 12. <ul><li>Scotland's favourite son </li></ul><ul><li>A cultural icon in Scotland and among the Scottish Diaspora around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish poet and a lyricist </li></ul><ul><li>T he best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language </li></ul><ul><li>He is regarded as a pioneer of the Romantic movement </li></ul><ul><li>I n 2009 he was voted by the Scottish public as being the Greatest Scot </li></ul><ul><li>Burns' poetry drew upon a substantial familiarity and knowledge of Classical, Biblical, and English literature, as well as the Scottish Makar tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Burns' Signature : </li></ul>Robert Burns (25 January 1759 – 21 July 1796) My heart's in the Highlands, my heart is not here; My heart's in the Highlands a-chasing the deer; A-chasing the wild-deer, and following the roe, My heart's in the Highlands wherever I go .
  13. 13. <ul><li>Highland games: </li></ul>Sport Caber toss Weight throw Scottish hammer throw Sheaf toss Stone put Weight over the bar
  14. 14. Football Celtic Park Ibrox Stadium <ul><li>Scottish League Championships: 42 </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish Cup: 34 </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish League Cup: 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish League Championships: 52 </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish Cup: 33 </li></ul><ul><li>Scotish League Cup: 26 </li></ul><ul><li>Cup Winners' Cup: 1 </li></ul>
  15. 15. С lootie dumpling Food Haggis Tipsy laird <ul><li>1 sheep's stomach or ox secum, cleaned and thoroughly, scalded, turned inside out and soaked overnight in cold salted water </li></ul><ul><li>heart and lungs of one lamb </li></ul><ul><li>450g/1lb beef or lamb trimmings, fat and lean </li></ul><ul><li>2 onions, finely chopped </li></ul><ul><li>225g/8oz oatmeal </li></ul><ul><li>1 tbsp salt </li></ul><ul><li>1 tsp ground black pepper </li></ul><ul><li>1 tsp ground dried coriander </li></ul><ul><li>1 tsp mace </li></ul><ul><li>1 tsp nutmeg water, enough to cook the haggis stock from lungs and trimmings </li></ul><ul><li>6 tbsp whisky </li></ul><ul><li>1 orange, juice and zest </li></ul><ul><li>5 trifle sponges </li></ul><ul><li>450g/1lb raspberries </li></ul><ul><li>110g/4oz white chocolate, grated </li></ul><ul><li>1 carton good quality fresh custard </li></ul><ul><li>400ml/13fl oz double cream </li></ul><ul><li>1 tub mascarpone cheese </li></ul><ul><li>55g/2oz toasted flaked almonds </li></ul><ul><li>125g suet </li></ul><ul><li>250g plain flour </li></ul><ul><li>125g oatmeal </li></ul><ul><li>250g mixed sultanas and currants </li></ul><ul><li>1 tablespoon of golden syrup </li></ul><ul><li>75g sugar </li></ul><ul><li>2 lightly beaten eggs </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon of ginger </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon of baking powder </li></ul><ul><li>1 teaspoon of cinnamon </li></ul><ul><li>4 tablespoons of milk </li></ul><ul><li>1 tablespoon of flour for the cloth </li></ul>
  16. 16. Loch Ness monster <ul><li>The most famous monster of Scotland and one of the biggest mysteries in the world… </li></ul>
  17. 17. The End Adrian Yavorskyy Serhiy Dakhniy made by: Teacher: Tetyana Tarasivna Keda

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