US CH7 S2_09


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US CH7 S2_09

  1. 1. QUIZ Ch 7 Sec 2 1. 2. 3. Company that is the only provider of a service M Name the 5th President of US J M Name the landmark case that made contract legal and binding F v P 4. Name the line that divided Louisiana Territory 5. Name the landmark case that ruled no state can tax any federal institution M v M 6. Name the event that balance slave and free state MC 7. Name the document that warned European not to interfere in Americas MD 8. Name the landmark case that gave federal control over interstate commerce G v O 9. Who was the secretary of state during the 5th president JQA 10. Name the free state that was added to balance the nation M
  2. 2. • Objective: – To explain the spoils system as practiced by Jackson – To summarize the effects of the Indian Removal Act of 1830
  3. 3. Chapter 7 Section 3
  4. 4. Andrew Jackson (SC) Election of 1824 Henry Clay [KY] John Quincy Adams [MA] William H. Crawford [GA]
  5. 5. Results of the 1824 Election
  6. 6. 1824 Election Results Election of 1824 Candidate Party Elector al Vote Popular Vote John Quincy Adams (MA) Henry Clay (KY) Andrew Jackson (TN) William H. Crawford (GA) DemocraticRepublican DemocraticRepublican DemocraticRepublican 84 115,696 37 47,136 99 152,933 DemocraticRepublican 41 46,979 Deadlock- no majority(need 131) House decide:
  7. 7. John Quincy Adams • 6th President
  8. 8. Secretary of State: Henry Clay • • • • • John C Calhoun- Vice President never recovered from cloud suspicion proposed national university and observatory advocate federally funded roads, canals, independent and arrogant manner- became one of the most unpopular president
  10. 10. Party Platform (1828) • declaration of principles and programs • promises of president when elected
  11. 11. Mudslinging making malicious, untrue charges against an opponent Jackson’s supporters accused Adams of buying “gaming tables and furniture w/ government funds ( he bought billiard and chess set w/ his own money) Adams supporters claimed Jackson was an ignoramus (who could not spell) and accused him of murder (even showed pictures) - adultery/ bigamy (based on his wife being divorce- Rachel suffered from the accusation- died shortly after election- Jackson never forgave the slanderers)
  12. 12. Jackson’s Log Cabin (platform) “Common Man” Nickname: “Old Hickory” General Jackson emerged a national hero from the War of 1812, primarily because of his decisive defeat of the British at the Battle of New Orleans. It was during this period he earned his nickname of "Old Hickory." Jackson had been ordered to march his Tennessee troops to Natchez, Mississippi. When he got there he was told to disband his men because they were unneeded. General Jackson refused and marched them back to Tennessee. Because of his strict discipline on that march his men began to say he was as tough as hickory and the nickname stuck.
  13. 13. 1828 Election Results
  14. 14. Andrew Jackson • 7th President
  15. 15. Teaching American History » It begun like this! It »
  16. 16. Teaching American History It Ended Like This!
  17. 17. The Spoils System to give common people chance to serve or participate in government – – – – ‘policy of rotation’- giving government jobs to friends and supporters fired nearly 10% of federal employees (most from Adams terms) his friends became his primary adviser (kitchen cabinet) to the victor belong the spoils of the enemy
  18. 18. The Indian Removal Act · In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, which forced Native Americans to move to lands west of the Mississippi River.
  19. 19. Black Hawk War • 1827 - US government says all Native Americans must leave Illinois • Chief Black Hawk of the Sauk refuses, saying no one can own land • US settlers moved into village when they were away hunting • After Sauk attacks, US troops drive out Indians • They were finally cornered and decisively defeated at the mouth of the Bad Axe River
  20. 20. “Five Civilized Tribes” (including the Cherokee, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles
  21. 21. · The state of Georgia began to take land belonging to the Cherokee nation, in order to provide more land for farmers.
  22. 22. U.S. Treaty With the Cherokee Nation: 1791 ARTICLE I. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America, and all the individuals composing the whole Cherokee nation of Indians. ARTICLE VII. The United States solemnly guarantee to the Cherokee nation, all their lands not hereby ceded. ARTICLE VIII. If any citizen of the United States…shall settle on any of the Cherokees' lands, such person shall forfeit the protection of the United States, and the Cherokees may punish him or not, as they please. ARTICLE IX. …nor shall any citizen or inhabitant go into the Cherokee country, without a passport first obtained from the Governor of some one of the United States, or territorial districts, or such other person as the President of the United States may from time to time authorize to grant the same.
  23. 23. Cherokee Sue For Land • Cherokee sued the government of Georgia for taking their land • Worcester vs. Georgia rules Georgia’s actions are illegal and that the Cherokee can stay • However, Pres. Andrew Jackson allowed the state of Georgia to continue to seize Cherokee land.
  24. 24. Trail of Tears • US troops move 18,000 Cherokee at gunpoint 800 miles from 18381839 • Georgia militia brutally rounds up 17,000 • Destination: Oklahoma • 800 miles – 6 months: boat, RR, foot • ¼ Cherokee die along the way • New land far inferior
  25. 25. Chapter 7 Section 3 Workbook Questions and Answers # 2 you will find the answer on bottom of 226 and top of 228
  26. 26. FACT or OPINION • • • • • • • • • Being president is the hardest job in the world. Barack Obama is our current president of the U.S. Mercury is the planet closest to the sun. The hippopotamus is the largest land mammal. The 5th president was James Monroe Henry Clay is the most influential individual in Congress Apple pie is the best tasting pie. The Golden Gate is the most beautiful bridge in the world Andrew Jackson is a very stubborn and hardheaded person • Cherokee removal was the cruelest work ever done by U.S.
  27. 27. QUIZ CH 7 S 3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Name two Civilized Tribe Name the 7th president of US AJ Event where ¼ of Cherokee died during their removal T of T Term for declaration of principles and programs PP Name the case that ruled Georgia’s action was illegal and Cherokee can get their land back W v G 6. Term for malicious untrue charges against an opponent M 7. Name the 6th president of US JQA 8. Term for giving government jobs to friends or supporters SS 9. Name the act that forcibly remove Native Americans west of Mississippi River IRA 10. Name the final destination of the Native Americans that were removed O
  28. 28. Chapter 7 Section 4 • Objective: – To summarize how Jackson destroyed the Bank of United States and identify its result on US economy.
  29. 29. 1832 Election Results Jackson was re-elected
  30. 30. Jackson Veto Bank of United States (BUS) need to renew charter (will expire in 1836)
  31. 31. The National Bank Debate !@#%$! Henry Clay Wanted to use the Bank as a campaign issue, believed Jackson will veto the charter of Bank President Jackson reasons: Privileged institution that favors the wealthy have unfair advantage over other banks Stockholders earning interest, not taxpayers Extend loans to congressmen with lower interest rates
  32. 32. The “Monster” (BUS) corrupts our statesmen, wants to destroy our republican institution the bank is trying to kill me, but I will kill it first”
  33. 33. Jackson killing the bank
  34. 34. Jackson took all government funds and place them on state banks---- “PET BANKS” (banks whose loyal to Democratic Party or friends of Jackson) PET BANKS (state banks) BUS
  35. 35. 1836, BUS charter expired, became just another state bank BANKRUPT Five years later, it went out of business
  36. 36. in 1844 (one year before his death) Andrew Jackson is one of four presidents to have a state capital named for him -Jackson, Mississippi. The others are Jefferson (Missouri), Madison (Wisconsin) and Lincoln (Nebraska). 1767 - 1845
  37. 37. The 1836 Election Results
  38. 38. Martin Van Buren 8th President “Old Kinderhook”
  39. 39. • We have Van Buren to thank for the expression "OK." He was from Kinderhook, New York, which was sometimes referred to as "Old Kinderhook." "O.K. Clubs" were created to support Van Buren's political campaigns, and the expression "OK" came to mean "all right."
  40. 40. The Panic of 1837 Spreads Quickly!
  41. 41. • BANKRUPT Without National bank to control money • BANKRUPT BANKRUPT BANKRUPT BANKRUPT state banks flooded states with paper money (worthless) • Banks began to close, businesses began to fail, and thousands of people lost their land. BANKRUPT BANKRUPT Panic of 1837
  42. 42. William Henry Harrison • 9th President
  43. 43. • When Harrison came to Washington, he wanted to show that he was still the steadfast hero of Tippecanoe. He took the oath of office on March 4, 1841, a cold and wet day. Nevertheless, he faced the weather with neither his overcoat nor hat, and delivered the longest inaugural address in American history. At 8,444 words, it took nearly two hours to read, even after his friend and fellow Whig Daniel Webster had edited it for length. He then rode through the streets in the inaugural parade.
  44. 44. John Tyler • 10th President His Accidency"
  45. 45. • • • • First time- Vice President will succeed the presidency Blocked legislation that would have strengthen national Vetoed national bank Oppose federal funds for internal improvements • • Whig realized choosing VP out of sympathy was a mistake During Tyler presidency- a President w/o a party