Chapter 4 Sec 1
BACKLASH!
British  Proclamation
Line of 1763.

No one is allowed west of
Appalachian Mountains
Costly protection against
...
To pay for England’s
debt
• King
George III
issued a
series of
acts (policy,
laws)
…SUGAR
Sugar Act
…MOLASSES

…COFFEE

To raise revenues…
…INDIGO
B. Sugar Act (1764): England places a tax on sugar, coffee, indigo, and molasses.
Sugar Cane used to make sugar. Sugar
use...
Response:
Q-> What was the extent of Parliament’s
authority over the colonies??
Absolute?

OR

Limited?

Q-> How could the...
...NEWSPAPERS
(New York
Gazetteer, Feb. 15, 1775)

...LEGAL
DOCUMENTS

Stamp Act (1765)

…DICE

Taxes put on all legal
Doc...
• Boycott
(refuse to buy)
• Violence
• The Sons of
Liberty was
formed

Colonial
Response
RESULT:
* Parliament (England’s
body of government)
repealed (void) the Stamp
Act.
Alright, alright!
We’ll repeal the
Stam...
Townshend Act
A

Tax on imports - paper, paint,
lead, glass, tea.

A

to pay for war
debts, troops paying govt. salaries.
...
• Due to smuggling and protest from the
colonists:
– The King stationed more troops at Boston
1) Boys began to throw ice at a British guard.

Hey kid, I
wouldn’t do that
again if I were
you!
2) A crowd soon grew large and rowdy.
3) The British soldiers opened fire, killing five colonists,
including Crispus Attuc...
Boston Massacre

– British attack on defenseless colonist
Tea Act- tax on tea
– To save East India Co.
from bankruptcy (British
major company)
• Colonist response: Boston Tea Party
– Dumped tea into the ocean
• Parliament
response:
– Passed
Intolerable Act
• To punish the
colonist for the
Tea party
• Closed all Boston
ports
• Mar...
• Colonists response:
– Held the First Continental Congress (meeting)
– Made military preparation (hid weapons in arsenal)
Minutemen: soldiers ready
in a moments notice
-They supplied their own
weapons and had little military
training.
Committees
of Correspondence

Purpose 

warn
colonies
about
incidents
with
British
Lexington
• A small skirmish that caused 8 minutemen’s lives
British Gen. Thomas Gage
– Marched troops
to Concord
– “The shot heard
round the world”
– British retreated
11. Second Continental Congress (1775): Representatives from the colonies
met in Philadelphia to discuss plans.

Olive Bra...
Quiz # 6

QUIZ # 4 CH 4
1.
2.

An event where colonist dumped tea into the ocean
Policy that punished colonists for dumpin...
Ch 4 S 2
12. B
attle of B
reeds H (1775) :
ill
Colonists limited supplies, little experiences situated on a hill
“Do not shoot unti...
• British outnumbered colonist- won this battle and drove
colonist back
• Colonists ran out of ammunition- moral victory- ...
Thomas Paine
• Common Sense
– Pamphlet urging Colonist to stand up against
tyranny and claim their independence

• “Americ...
Patrick Henry
• Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased
at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almi...
Thomas Jefferson
Declaration of
Independence
•

Reason:
– can obtain aid from
Britain’s enemies
– if captured can
demand t...
Three major sections:
- preamble- explained the principles behind the act
- list of all grievances against the king
- conc...
Division

•
–

Loyalist
•

–

Support king (Crown or monarch)

Patriots
•

Support independence
British
Advantages (Redcoats)

generals had wide
experiences

soldiers were well trained

More supplies,
ammunition, fo...
American
Advantages (Continental
Army)
• defending homeland
• Know the land
• used hit and run tactics
• supply within rea...
•

SECTION I Why the Declaration was
written
1. What was the date the Declaration of
Independence was signed?
2. What did ...
•
•

Declaration of Independence
SECTION I Why the Declaration was
written
1. What was the purpose of the Declaration?
2. ...
The rifle took a long time to load, compared to the musket. By
the time a soldier forced his rifle ball down the barrel, t...
Division in the Colonies
We should separate!

• Taxation without
Representation

We are subjects of the KING!

• Britain i...
• The fort valuable for
two reasons:
– Within its walls were
cannons and massive
amounts of artillery
– It was situated on...
Battle of Long Island,
New York
Washington with his poorly
armed soldiers
unskilled/untrained 23,000
British had 32,000 pl...
Battle of Trenton
•

Washington surprised attacked the Germans
mercenaries (hired to kill)
–
–
–
–

Crossed iced choked De...
T B
he attle of Saratoga:
1. British planned : to divide the
North from the South and
used the Loyalists to win the
South
...
• Valley Forge (1777-78)
– Soldiers demoralized, hungry, winter- cold
– Washington troops whipped into fighting shape by
F...
The Southern Strategy
Loyalist in the
South were
helping the British
General Nathanial
Greene used hit
and run tactics
Cap...
French aid finally came
• Ben Franklin as
American ambassador
helped convinced
France to help US
• France lend US:
– Troop...
The Battle of Yorktown
• US and France surrounded
General Cornwallis
– By land and by sea
– British surrendered ending the...
“The World Turned Upside Down!”
“The World Turned Upside Down!”

Cornwallis’ Surrender at Yorktown:
Treaty of Paris

• United States of American is now
independent
• Gained land east of Mississippi River
CHAPTER 4 SECTION 1
1a. Stamp Act:
to pay for war debt

b. Colonists response:
boycott

c. British response:
repeal the st...
CHAPTER 4 SECTION 3
Who won?
1. New York

2. Trenton

3. Philadelphia

4. Saratoga

British

Why did they win:

Importance...
US CH4 American Revolution
US CH4 American Revolution
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US CH4 American Revolution

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  • Music: We didn’t start the fire: By Billy Joel
  • Music: Mission impossible soundtrack
  • Sound Effect: Cannon
  • Sound Effect: Cannon
  • Sound Effect: Explosion
  • Music: National Treasure Part 1 soundtrack
  • Declaration of Independence Scavenger Hunt
  • Music: The Final Countdown : By Europe
  • Music: Transformer: The Score: the arrival to earth soundtrack
  • Music: We are the Champion By Queen
  • US CH4 American Revolution

    1. 1. Chapter 4 Sec 1
    2. 2. BACKLASH! British  Proclamation Line of 1763. No one is allowed west of Appalachian Mountains Costly protection against Natives
    3. 3. To pay for England’s debt • King George III issued a series of acts (policy, laws)
    4. 4. …SUGAR Sugar Act …MOLASSES …COFFEE To raise revenues… …INDIGO
    5. 5. B. Sugar Act (1764): England places a tax on sugar, coffee, indigo, and molasses. Sugar Cane used to make sugar. Sugar used to make molasses. Molasses used to make rum. Rum was one of the most popular and common drinks in the colonies. Coffee
    6. 6. Response: Q-> What was the extent of Parliament’s authority over the colonies?? Absolute? OR Limited? Q-> How could the colonies give or withhold consent for parliamentary legislation when they did not have representation in that body?? “Taxation without representation”
    7. 7. ...NEWSPAPERS (New York Gazetteer, Feb. 15, 1775) ...LEGAL DOCUMENTS Stamp Act (1765) …DICE Taxes put on all legal Documents (direct tax- visible) …PLAYING CARDS
    8. 8. • Boycott (refuse to buy) • Violence • The Sons of Liberty was formed Colonial Response
    9. 9. RESULT: * Parliament (England’s body of government) repealed (void) the Stamp Act. Alright, alright! We’ll repeal the Stamp Act! Will that make you bloody American hooligans happy! Now, end your boycott already! King George III
    10. 10. Townshend Act A Tax on imports - paper, paint, lead, glass, tea. A to pay for war debts, troops paying govt. salaries. AIndirect tax- not visibleadded to the cost of the product Colonial Response * “Daughters of Liberty” - Boycott goods, made own, smuggling
    11. 11. • Due to smuggling and protest from the colonists: – The King stationed more troops at Boston
    12. 12. 1) Boys began to throw ice at a British guard. Hey kid, I wouldn’t do that again if I were you!
    13. 13. 2) A crowd soon grew large and rowdy. 3) The British soldiers opened fire, killing five colonists, including Crispus Attucks, a black sailor active in the Sons of Liberty.
    14. 14. Boston Massacre – British attack on defenseless colonist
    15. 15. Tea Act- tax on tea – To save East India Co. from bankruptcy (British major company)
    16. 16. • Colonist response: Boston Tea Party – Dumped tea into the ocean
    17. 17. • Parliament response: – Passed Intolerable Act • To punish the colonist for the Tea party • Closed all Boston ports • Martial Lawmilitary control • Quartering Acthousing of troops
    18. 18. • Colonists response: – Held the First Continental Congress (meeting) – Made military preparation (hid weapons in arsenal)
    19. 19. Minutemen: soldiers ready in a moments notice -They supplied their own weapons and had little military training.
    20. 20. Committees of Correspondence Purpose  warn colonies about incidents with British
    21. 21. Lexington • A small skirmish that caused 8 minutemen’s lives
    22. 22. British Gen. Thomas Gage – Marched troops to Concord – “The shot heard round the world” – British retreated
    23. 23. 11. Second Continental Congress (1775): Representatives from the colonies met in Philadelphia to discuss plans. Olive Branch Petition: Sent petition to King George III asking to restore peace. King refuses petition. A. B. Continental Army: Created an army to prepare for war under the command of George Washington.
    24. 24. Quiz # 6 QUIZ # 4 CH 4 1. 2. An event where colonist dumped tea into the ocean Policy that punished colonists for dumping tea into the ocean (I A ) 3. Term for military rule (M L ) 4. Soldiers ready in a moments notice 5. An event where British troops attack defenseless citizens (B M ) 6. Place known as the “shot hear round the world” (C) 7. Letter to the King asking for a truce or peace 8. Name of the King 9. Law where colonists have to house the British troops 10. Tax on all paper documents
    25. 25. Ch 4 S 2
    26. 26. 12. B attle of B reeds H (1775) : ill Colonists limited supplies, little experiences situated on a hill “Do not shoot until you see the whites of their eyes” •1,500 American troops waited on Breed’s Hill and Bunker Hill. •2,400 British were coming to take control over the Hills
    27. 27. • British outnumbered colonist- won this battle and drove colonist back • Colonists ran out of ammunition- moral victory- believed they could hold their own if enough supplies are available It took the British three attempts to force the colonists to retreat
    28. 28. Thomas Paine • Common Sense – Pamphlet urging Colonist to stand up against tyranny and claim their independence • “America’s Destiny”
    29. 29. Patrick Henry • Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, Give me Liberty, or give me Death!
    30. 30. Thomas Jefferson Declaration of Independence • Reason: – can obtain aid from Britain’s enemies – if captured can demand to be treated as prisoner not traitors (death penalty)
    31. 31. Three major sections: - preamble- explained the principles behind the act - list of all grievances against the king - conclude with severing ties and becoming independent – “endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights” “among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” – July 4, 1776- colonies seized to exist- USA was born “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government”
    32. 32. Division • – Loyalist • – Support king (Crown or monarch) Patriots • Support independence
    33. 33. British Advantages (Redcoats)  generals had wide experiences  soldiers were well trained  More supplies, ammunition, food, money  a strong navies Disadvantages  Supplies not within reach  faced with new type of warfare
    34. 34. American Advantages (Continental Army) • defending homeland • Know the land • used hit and run tactics • supply within reach • aided by France Disadvantages: • No navy • Not enough supplies, food, money
    35. 35. • SECTION I Why the Declaration was written 1. What was the date the Declaration of Independence was signed? 2. What did the Declaration of Independence say was “necessary”? • SECTION 2 Statement of Basic Human Rights 3. What truths were “self-evident”? 4. What rights did the Creator give to everyone? • SECTION 3 Purpose of Government : Safeguard Human Rights 5. Who gives government power to govern/rule? 6. When can a government be changed? 7. What rights do people have when the government becomes destructive? 8. Who has the power to change the government? 9. The purpose of a good government is to do what for the people? 10. Under what condition should the people have the right to overthrow a government? • SECTION 4 Abuses of Human Rights by the King 11. Who do the colonists believe have abused their human rights? 12. What did the King’s Officers do to the colonists? 13. What is their objection to taxation? 14. In many court cases, what did the King deprived the colonists of? 15. What is the King transporting in the colonies that make him unworthy of the Head of a civilized nation? • SECTION 5 Colonial Effort to Avoid Separation 16. Before it came to this declaration, the colonists tried to do what to settle their problems? 17. What words tell you that the King did not listen to the complaints of the colonists? 18. Because of the negative responses to settle the problems, the colonists said it was necessary for them to….? • SECTION 6 Colonies Declare Independence 19. What three things do the colonists declare? 20. What do the signatures on the document mean?
    36. 36. • • Declaration of Independence SECTION I Why the Declaration was written 1. What was the purpose of the Declaration? 2. What is the intro stating? (sentence 1) • SECTION 2 Statement of Basic Human Rights 3. Who do the colonists believe to be created equal? 4. What rights did the Creator give to everyone? • • SECTION 3 Purpose of Government : Safeguard Human Rights 5. Who gives government power to govern/rule? 6. When can a government be changed? 7. Who has the power to change the government? 8. The purpose of a good government is to do what for the people? 9. What type of government system is being described? • • SECTION 4 Abuses of Human Rights by the King 10. Who do the colonists believe have abused their human rights? 11. How many abuses did they list? 12. What # on the list talks about the Stamp Act and the Tea Tax? 13. What is their objection to taxation? • • SECTION 5 Colonial Effort to Avoid Separation 14. Before it came to this declaration, the colonists tried to do what to settle their problems? 15. What was the response to the above? 16. Besides the King, who did the colonists plea for help from? 17. Because of the negative responses to settle the problems, the colonists said it was necessary for them to….? • SECTION 6 Colonies Declare Independence 18. What three things do the colonists declare? 19. What do the signatures on the document mean?
    37. 37. The rifle took a long time to load, compared to the musket. By the time a soldier forced his rifle ball down the barrel, the enemy could get him with a bayonet. Their rifles had no bayonet, a necessity for fighting at close range, or in damp weather when wet flints and gunpowder made firearms useless. Because of these disadvantages, the musket remained the primary weapon used during the Revolutionary War.
    38. 38. Division in the Colonies We should separate! • Taxation without Representation We are subjects of the KING! • Britain is the most powerful empire in the world • People are dying (Boston) • We are first and foremost British subjects • Parliament is to far away (they don’t know us) • Our trade will suffer if we leave Britain • War has broken out at Lexington and Concord! • Other nations might attack us if we leave, we’ll be 13 sitting ducks!
    39. 39. • The fort valuable for two reasons: – Within its walls were cannons and massive amounts of artillery – It was situated on the strategically important Lake Champlain • It was on the route between the rebellious Thirteen Colonies and the British-controlled Canada • Americans seized the fort – Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold captured the fort Fort Ticonderoga
    40. 40. Battle of Long Island, New York Washington with his poorly armed soldiers unskilled/untrained 23,000 British had 32,000 plus thousand mercenaries US greatly outnumberedWashington retreat with heavy losses to Delaware British captured the city and burned it By the year endsAmericans morale was very low Thousands began to desert Washington’s army
    41. 41. Battle of Trenton • Washington surprised attacked the Germans mercenaries (hired to kill) – – – – Crossed iced choked Delaware River Christmas day -mercenaries were all drunk Capture 900 mercenaries Boosted soldiers morale
    42. 42. T B he attle of Saratoga: 1. British planned : to divide the North from the South and used the Loyalists to win the South St. Leger Burgoyne Burgoyne would march south from Canada to take Albany. Gen. Leger would march east from - Gen. St. Burgoyne (British) the Great Lakes surrender to Albany. - Gen. Howe would march north from Turning Point: NYC to Albany. - St. Leger was defeated at Battle of Eliminated British north. from Oriskany. Howe never moved the North on his own and met an - Burgoyne was American army at Saratoga. Brought France on American side Howe
    43. 43. • Valley Forge (1777-78) – Soldiers demoralized, hungry, winter- cold – Washington troops whipped into fighting shape by Friederich von Steuben– Taught the Continental how to drill, maneuver and use bayonets like professional soldiers
    44. 44. The Southern Strategy Loyalist in the South were helping the British General Nathanial Greene used hit and run tactics Capture many forts (many Patriots helped)
    45. 45. French aid finally came • Ben Franklin as American ambassador helped convinced France to help US • France lend US: – Troops, supplies, navy
    46. 46. The Battle of Yorktown • US and France surrounded General Cornwallis – By land and by sea – British surrendered ending the war
    47. 47. “The World Turned Upside Down!” “The World Turned Upside Down!” Cornwallis’ Surrender at Yorktown:
    48. 48. Treaty of Paris • United States of American is now independent • Gained land east of Mississippi River
    49. 49. CHAPTER 4 SECTION 1 1a. Stamp Act: to pay for war debt b. Colonists response: boycott c. British response: repeal the stamp act 2a. Townshend Act; To pay for governors salaries, gain revenue b. Boycott goods, made own, rage, resistance, c. Stationed 2,000 troops 3a. Tea Act Save bankruptcy of East Indies Co. b. Dumping tea into ocean c. Passed the intolerable act, closed all ports 4a. Intolerable Act Punish colonies for dumping tea b. Establish first Continental Congress meeting c. Marched to Concord to seize weapons
    50. 50. CHAPTER 4 SECTION 3 Who won? 1. New York 2. Trenton 3. Philadelphia 4. Saratoga British Why did they win: Importance: Americans were outnumbered and has untrained soldiers British capture it and burn the city

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