US CH11 S1 Civil War part 1

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Civil War: The beginning

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US CH11 S1 Civil War part 1

  1. 1. CIVIL WAR Chapter 11
  2. 2. Objective: – Students will be able to summarize the advantages of North (Union) and South (Confederate) as well as summarize the significance of major battles during Civil War using Graphic Organizer.
  3. 3. US Presidents 1. George Washington 2. John Adams 3. Thomas Jefferson 4. James Madison 5. James Monroe
  4. 4. 6. John Quincy Adams 7. Andrew Jackson 8. Martin Van Buren 9. William Henry Harrison 10. John Tyler 11. James K. Polk
  5. 5. Zachary Taylor 12th President
  6. 6. Millard Fillmore • 13th President
  7. 7. Franklin Pierce 14 th President
  8. 8. James Buchanan 15 th President
  9. 9. Abraham Lincoln 16th President
  10. 10. War with Mexico Acquisition of California
  11. 11. Compromise of 1850 • California became a Free state •Henry Clay • North must enforce the Fugitive Slave Law • • Stephen Douglas • Proposed popular sovereignty- let the people in the territory decide by voting
  12. 12. Harriet Tubman
  13. 13. Underground Railroad  Network of people that helped slaves escape from south  Secret routes and safe houses were created
  14. 14. Harriet Beecher Stowe  Wrote the book: Uncle Tom’s Cabin 
  15. 15. Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854   This will repeal Missouri Compromise Allowing slavery everywhere
  16. 16. “Bleeding Kansas” Popular Sovereignty
  17. 17. Dred Scott v. Sanford, 1857 Slave who lived in Missouri (slave state)
  18. 18. Decision: Slaves are not citizens They are property. – Court ruled that Congress can not outlaw slavery. – Slaves are allowed everywhere
  19. 19. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates, 1858 Issue: Slavery Stephen Douglas Abraham Lincoln
  20. 20. John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, 1859 John Brown led a slave revolt to strike fear at the heart of the south
  21. 21. Abraham Lincoln 16th President
  22. 22. Secession- the act of withdrawing from a union South Carolina was the first to secede Other southern states followed
  23. 23. Chapter 11
  24. 24. CIVIL WAR Chapter 11
  25. 25. AGENDA Mission Statement: The mission of John F. Kennedy High School is to develop our island students to become globally prime high achiever ESLR Responsible citizen Problem Solver Effective Communicator Technologically Literate
  26. 26. Lincoln’s Choices He wanted to prevent war. “No state can lawfully get out of the Union” “We are not enemies, but friends.” “A House divided against itself cannot stand” -- A. Lincoln : Jefferson Davies: “All we ask is to be left alone” -- J. Davies
  27. 27. Urgent! THE VERY NEXT DAY An important message came from Major Robert Anderson commander at Fort Sumter, South Carolina Supplies at the Fort are almost gone. If new supplies are not sent soon, we will be forced to surrender the fort to the Confederacy.
  28. 28. What to Do??? If I send troops…Southerners might attack If I send troops and ammunitions….Southerners WILL attack. If I do nothing…the commander will have to surrender.
  29. 29. Decision Lincoln decided to send supplies ONLY! And see what the Southerners would do
  30. 30. Confederate President Davis Davis decided to take over the fort BEFORE the supply ships arrived. Demanded them to surrender. NEVER!!!!
  31. 31. Fort Sumter: April 12, 1861 The Confederate troops FIRED on the fort Major Anderson and his men ran out of ammunition and had to give up.
  32. 32. The Confederate States (South)
  33. 33. The Union (North)
  34. 34. The Border States (part of Union)
  35. 35. Advantages and Disadvantages: North  22 million population  More people  100,000 Factories  More factories  70,000 miles of Railroad  More railroad  Strong navy  Fighting to preserve the Union South  9 million population  Open vast land  20,000 factories  9,000 miles of Railroad  Defending homeland  better trained soldiers leaders  No navy  Fighting to preserve way of life (slavery)
  36. 36. Rating the North & the South
  37. 37. Railroad Lines, 1860
  38. 38. Strategic Plan: North Anaconda Plan • • • • Divide- control Mississippi Open for invasionTennessee Surround with naval attack Capture Richmond South • • Defend existing territory Hold out long enough to tire North
  39. 39. Gen. Robert E. Lee (South) It is a good thing war is so terrible; else we should grow too fond of it”
  40. 40. A Northern View of Jeff Davis
  41. 41. Battle of Bull Run,1861 First battle Union marched to Virginia Thomas Stonewall Jackson (C)blocked the advance • • • • inexperienced North retreated • • streets clogged with spectators Jackson (C) infantry charge caused Union troops to stampede.
  42. 42. Ulysses S. Grant (North) – – – – Believed in action not in making plans Flexible-sudden changes in battle plan “Find out where your enemy is and get them as soon as you can” Tennessee: – took Fort Henry – Fort Donelson – took Shiloh Strategy lesson learned: Need of scout, trenches, fortifications “When in doubt, fight”
  43. 43. Battle of Antietam Lee plan to move war to North Lee –plan of surprise attack-secret message Confederate soldier lost message hidden on a cigars Union found message Bloodiest Battle A single day of fighting left 23,000 dead.
  44. 44. Emancipation Proclamation It freed the slaves only in states that have seceded from the Union.
  45. 45. Battle of Chancellorsville Lee sent Stonewall Jackson in a surprise attack, nearly destroying the Union army on the first day. This was General Lee’s greatest victory, defeating a force twice its size. Lee determined to invade the North again, hoping a victory there would end the war.
  46. 46. The Battle of Fredericksburg Lee- took victory – Jackson was shot accidentally by one of his soldiers caught pneumonia and died

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