America in the 19thCentury - CHAPTER 16
Skyscraper• Made possibledue to steel andelevator
LouisSullivan• Father of ‘ModernArchitecture”
Louis Sullivan: Carson, Pirie, ScottLouis Sullivan: Carson, Pirie, ScottDept. Store, Chicago, 1899Dept. Store, Chicago, 1899
D. H. Burnham:D. H. Burnham:Marshall Fields Dept. Store, 1902Marshall Fields Dept. Store, 1902
FlatironFlatironBuildingBuildingNYC – 1902NYC – 1902D. H. BurnhamD. H. Burnham
Grand Central Station, 1913Grand Central Station, 1913
John A. Roebling:John A. Roebling:The Brooklyn Bridge, 1883The Brooklyn Bridge, 1883(the first suspension bridge)(the firs...
Frank Lloyd Wright• American architect, who designedmore than 1,000 projects, whichresulted in more than 500 completedwork...
FrankLloyd Wright:FrankLloyd Wright:HollyhockHouse [Los Angeles], 1917HollyhockHouse [Los Angeles], 1917American architect...
FrankLloyd Wright:FrankLloyd Wright:“Falling Waters”, 1936“Falling Waters”, 1936American architect, whodesigned more than ...
American architect, whodesigned more than 1,000projects, which resulted inmore than 500 completedworksWright promoted orga...
Interiorof “Falling Waters”Interiorof “Falling Waters”
FrankLloyd Wright:FrankLloyd Wright:Johnson Wax Bldg. – Racine, WI, 1936Johnson Wax Bldg. – Racine, WI, 1936
FrankLloyd Wright:FrankLloyd Wright:Guggenheim Museum, NYC - 1959Guggenheim Museum, NYC - 1959
Cable Cars
Elevated Trains
OrvilleWilburOrville and Wilbur Wright• Invented the airplane
• The Wright family owned a bicycle store. Where Wilbur andOrville got most of there supplies. If they couldn’t find itthe...
Flyer 3• The Wright Brothers finished there glider. In 1903, and flew it in Kitty Hawk NC. Theglider only flew for a few s...
GeorgeEastman• developpaper basefilm• inventedKodakcamera
W. E. B. Du Bois• First African American toreceive doctorate fromHarvard• Civil rights activist• Believe that black should...
Booker T. Washington– Born a slave– Philosophy “ knowledge must beharnessed to the things of real life”– Founded Tuskegee ...
SOUTH
VotingRestrictionLiteracy test– more difficultquestions for blacksthan for whitespoll tax– annual tax that hadto be paid t...
• Jim Crow Laws– laws that segregated blacks (separating peopleon the basis of race)
• If any blackperson brokethe rules, theywere probablylynched, orhanged, whichwas the mostcommon styleof punishmentfor bla...
– Plessy v. Ferguson 1896• Homer A. Plessy was denied a seat in arailroad car because he was 1/8 black• Segregation legal ...
• Bicycles– Manufactured by Albert A. Pope• Began as male only sport• Women started joining abandoning corset and donnings...
• Bicycles– Manufactured by Albert A. Pope• Began as male only sport• Women started joining abandoning corset and donnings...
• Bicycles– Manufactured by Albert A. Pope• Began as male only sport• Women started joining abandoning corset and donnings...
• Bicycles– Manufactured by Albert A. Pope• Began as male only sport• Women started joining abandoning corset and donnings...
• Coca-cola 1886– John Pemberton• Formulated cola for headache• Ingredients: extracts form Peruvian coca leaves and Africa...
• Coca-cola 1886– John Pemberton• Formulated cola for headache• Ingredients: extracts form Peruvian coca leaves and Africa...
• Coca-cola 1886– John Pemberton• Formulated cola for headache• Ingredients: extracts form Peruvian coca leaves and Africa...
• Coca-cola 1886– John Pemberton• Formulated cola for headache• Ingredients: extracts form Peruvian coca leaves and Africa...
• Coca-cola 1886– John Pemberton• Formulated cola for headache• Ingredients: extracts form Peruvian coca leaves and Africa...
• Coca-cola 1886– John Pemberton• Formulated cola for headache• Ingredients: extracts form Peruvian coca leaves and Africa...
Ethiopian language• The Coca Cola company unveiled newTelevision ads featuring Coca Cola canswritten in different language...
P.T. Barnum and Bailey (Ringling Brothers)• First famous circus that travel town to town
P.T. Barnum andBailey (RinglingBrothers)• First famous circus that traveltown to town
Macy’s – first Department Store
Macy’s – first Department Store
Macy’s – first Department Store
Five and dime stores• First five and dime- Woolworth• They sold many different items, most of which were worthfive or ten ...
Woolworth
First Catalog- Montgomery Ward andSears
First Catalog- Montgomery Ward andSears
First Catalog- Montgomery Ward andSears
First Catalog- Montgomery Ward andSears
• nuts• Vaudeville– Barnum and bailey Circus 1881• P.T. Barnum and Anthony bailey• First film– The great Train robbery• Br...
Name brands• Milton Hershey was born in 1857. He startedwork as a printers apprentice, but went on towork for a candy make...
• George Eastman overcame financial adversityand used his entrepreneurship to developproducts that changed the course ofph...
• The Colgate story began in late-18th centuryMaryland. In 1798, 15-year-old William Colgate,in an effort to help his fami...
• At 14, Will Keith Kellogg sold brooms for hisfathers broom business. Later, he worked withhis brother, Dr. John Harvey K...
• In 1886, Atlanta physician and chemist Dr. JohnStith Pemberton develped a nerve tonic called"Pembertons French Wine Cola...
• The coffee thats "good to the very last drop"was the brainchild of Joel Owsley Cheek. Cheeksold coffee for a wholesale c...
• Kool-Aid got its start in Hastings, Nebraska. Inthe early 1900s, Edwin Perkins enjoyed studyingchemistry and inventions....
First film
Vaudeville
• How he changed the English language forever.• That good old swindler P. T. Barnum (1810-91) introduced more terms into o...
Increase in Leisure Time
•Samuel Clemens•Gilded Age
Washington Irving• Legend of SleepyHollow• Rip Van Winkle
James Fenimore Cooper• Last of theMohicans• The Deerslayer
Nathaniel Hawthorne• The Scarlet Letter• The House of SevenGables
Herman Melville• Moby Dick
Henry W. Longfellow• The Song of Hiawatha• Courtship of Miles Standish
Edgar Allan Poe• Invented mystery• Dark poetry withmorals• The Raven– Wife died in Baltimore• The Purloined Letter• The Te...
Walt Whitman• Leaves of Grass– Collection of American poems
Louisa May Alcott• Little Women
Emily Dickinson• American poetess• Seclusion inMassachusetts• 1700 poems, only 7published duringlifetime– Theme: interacti...
Inventors• Thomas Edison
“I have not failed. I’ve justfound 10,000 ways that won’twork.”– Thomas Alva Edison
The Beauty Pageant
•EnemyNo. 1?•Why?WhatCould BeDone?
What Does thisCartoon Implyabout MonetaryPolicy?
America in the 19th century
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America in the 19th century

  1. 1. America in the 19thCentury - CHAPTER 16
  2. 2. Skyscraper• Made possibledue to steel andelevator
  3. 3. LouisSullivan• Father of ‘ModernArchitecture”
  4. 4. Louis Sullivan: Carson, Pirie, ScottLouis Sullivan: Carson, Pirie, ScottDept. Store, Chicago, 1899Dept. Store, Chicago, 1899
  5. 5. D. H. Burnham:D. H. Burnham:Marshall Fields Dept. Store, 1902Marshall Fields Dept. Store, 1902
  6. 6. FlatironFlatironBuildingBuildingNYC – 1902NYC – 1902D. H. BurnhamD. H. Burnham
  7. 7. Grand Central Station, 1913Grand Central Station, 1913
  8. 8. John A. Roebling:John A. Roebling:The Brooklyn Bridge, 1883The Brooklyn Bridge, 1883(the first suspension bridge)(the first suspension bridge)
  9. 9. Frank Lloyd Wright• American architect, who designedmore than 1,000 projects, whichresulted in more than 500 completedworks• Wright promoted organic architecture(exemplified by Fallingwater),• His work includes original andinnovative examples of manydifferent building types, includingoffices, churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, and museums.• Already well-known during hislifetime, Wright was recognized in1991 by the American Institute ofArchitects as "the greatest Americanarchitect of all time"
  10. 10. FrankLloyd Wright:FrankLloyd Wright:HollyhockHouse [Los Angeles], 1917HollyhockHouse [Los Angeles], 1917American architect, who designed morethan 1,000 projects, which resulted inmore than 500 completed worksWright promoted organic architecture(exemplified by Fallingwater),His work includes original and innovativeexamples of many different buildingtypes, including offices, churches,schools, sky scrapers, hotels, andmuseums.Already well-known during his lifetime,Wright was recognized in 1991 by theAmerican Institute of Architects as "thegreatest American architect of all time"
  11. 11. FrankLloyd Wright:FrankLloyd Wright:“Falling Waters”, 1936“Falling Waters”, 1936American architect, whodesigned more than 1,000projects, which resulted inmore than 500 completedworksWright promoted organicarchitecture (exemplifiedby Fallingwater),His work includes originaland innovative examplesof many different buildingtypes, including offices,churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, andmuseums.Already well-known duringhis lifetime, Wright wasrecognized in 1991 by theAmerican Institute ofArchitects as "the greatestAmerican architect of alltime"
  12. 12. American architect, whodesigned more than 1,000projects, which resulted inmore than 500 completedworksWright promoted organicarchitecture (exemplified byFallingwater),His work includes originaland innovative examples ofmany different buildingtypes, including offices,churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, andmuseums.Already well-known duringhis lifetime, Wright wasrecognized in 1991 by theAmerican Institute ofArchitects as "the greatestAmerican architect of alltime"
  13. 13. Interiorof “Falling Waters”Interiorof “Falling Waters”
  14. 14. FrankLloyd Wright:FrankLloyd Wright:Johnson Wax Bldg. – Racine, WI, 1936Johnson Wax Bldg. – Racine, WI, 1936
  15. 15. FrankLloyd Wright:FrankLloyd Wright:Guggenheim Museum, NYC - 1959Guggenheim Museum, NYC - 1959
  16. 16. Cable Cars
  17. 17. Elevated Trains
  18. 18. OrvilleWilburOrville and Wilbur Wright• Invented the airplane
  19. 19. • The Wright family owned a bicycle store. Where Wilbur andOrville got most of there supplies. If they couldn’t find itthere they just built it themselves.• The Wright brothers started building there glider in 1902.• The glider which cost only about 15 bucks that time had a 32foot wing span.
  20. 20. Flyer 3• The Wright Brothers finished there glider. In 1903, and flew it in Kitty Hawk NC. Theglider only flew for a few seconds. And there was only few people to witness thespectacular event.• They picked that event because it had rolling hills and good winds.• Before they went there though they tested it on there wind tunnel which they madethemselves.• It took many tries to get the “right” stuff going to fly the glider and finally now theydid it.
  21. 21. GeorgeEastman• developpaper basefilm• inventedKodakcamera
  22. 22. W. E. B. Du Bois• First African American toreceive doctorate fromHarvard• Civil rights activist• Believe that black shouldfight for the right to voteand equal opportunity• 56% were literate 1900;blacks owned 30,000businesses in 1915William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
  23. 23. Booker T. Washington– Born a slave– Philosophy “ knowledge must beharnessed to the things of real life”– Founded Tuskegee Institutein Alabama• Started a vocational training forblacks– Suggest blacks focus onachieving economic success– Even w/o votes noted that “little green ballot” money, couldbe deposited at the bank whereno one will throw it out or refuseto count it
  24. 24. SOUTH
  25. 25. VotingRestrictionLiteracy test– more difficultquestions for blacksthan for whitespoll tax– annual tax that hadto be paid to gainaccess to the boothgrandfatherclauses– father or grandfathermust have beeneligible to votebefore Jan 1, 1867
  26. 26. • Jim Crow Laws– laws that segregated blacks (separating peopleon the basis of race)
  27. 27. • If any blackperson brokethe rules, theywere probablylynched, orhanged, whichwas the mostcommon styleof punishmentfor blacks.Those who didthe lynchingrarely werearrested for it.
  28. 28. – Plessy v. Ferguson 1896• Homer A. Plessy was denied a seat in arailroad car because he was 1/8 black• Segregation legal – “separate but equal”
  29. 29. • Bicycles– Manufactured by Albert A. Pope• Began as male only sport• Women started joining abandoning corset and donningsplit skirt
  30. 30. • Bicycles– Manufactured by Albert A. Pope• Began as male only sport• Women started joining abandoning corset and donningsplit skirt
  31. 31. • Bicycles– Manufactured by Albert A. Pope• Began as male only sport• Women started joining abandoning corset and donningsplit skirt
  32. 32. • Bicycles– Manufactured by Albert A. Pope• Began as male only sport• Women started joining abandoning corset and donningsplit skirt
  33. 33. • Coca-cola 1886– John Pemberton• Formulated cola for headache• Ingredients: extracts form Peruvian coca leaves and Africancola nuts
  34. 34. • Coca-cola 1886– John Pemberton• Formulated cola for headache• Ingredients: extracts form Peruvian coca leaves and Africancola nuts
  35. 35. • Coca-cola 1886– John Pemberton• Formulated cola for headache• Ingredients: extracts form Peruvian coca leaves and Africancola nuts
  36. 36. • Coca-cola 1886– John Pemberton• Formulated cola for headache• Ingredients: extracts form Peruvian coca leaves and Africancola nuts
  37. 37. • Coca-cola 1886– John Pemberton• Formulated cola for headache• Ingredients: extracts form Peruvian coca leaves and Africancola nuts
  38. 38. • Coca-cola 1886– John Pemberton• Formulated cola for headache• Ingredients: extracts form Peruvian coca leaves and Africancola nuts
  39. 39. Ethiopian language• The Coca Cola company unveiled newTelevision ads featuring Coca Cola canswritten in different languages includingEthiopias official language, Amharic.Ethiopia is the only country in Africa withits own written language, many countrieseither use the Latin or Arabic characters towrite their languages. The coke canswritten in Ethiopic alphabets are now onsale at all fine stores in America
  40. 40. P.T. Barnum and Bailey (Ringling Brothers)• First famous circus that travel town to town
  41. 41. P.T. Barnum andBailey (RinglingBrothers)• First famous circus that traveltown to town
  42. 42. Macy’s – first Department Store
  43. 43. Macy’s – first Department Store
  44. 44. Macy’s – first Department Store
  45. 45. Five and dime stores• First five and dime- Woolworth• They sold many different items, most of which were worthfive or ten cents. Popular five and dimes included:
  46. 46. Woolworth
  47. 47. First Catalog- Montgomery Ward andSears
  48. 48. First Catalog- Montgomery Ward andSears
  49. 49. First Catalog- Montgomery Ward andSears
  50. 50. First Catalog- Montgomery Ward andSears
  51. 51. • nuts• Vaudeville– Barnum and bailey Circus 1881• P.T. Barnum and Anthony bailey• First film– The great Train robbery• Brand names– Marshall Field• began the concept of department stores– FW Woolworth• Began the five and dime stores• Began chain stores• Mail order catalog– Started by Montgomery Ward and Sears
  52. 52. Name brands• Milton Hershey was born in 1857. He startedwork as a printers apprentice, but went on towork for a candy maker in Lancaster, PA. Heopened his first candy shop in Philadelphia in1876. After several failed business attempts, hereturned to Lancaster and established theLancaster Caramel Co. His interest in coatingcaramels with chocolate resulted in the birth ofthe Hershey Chocolate Co. in 1894. Today,Hersheys is Americas leading chocolatemanufacturer, and produces more than 1 billionpounds of chocolate products each year
  53. 53. • George Eastman overcame financial adversityand used his entrepreneurship to developproducts that changed the course ofphotographic history. His first job as an officeboy paid $3 a week. At age 24, with thepurchase of a photographic outfit, his fascinationwith film and cameras began. He founded aphotographic dry plate business and by 1888had developed the first simple consumercamera. Today, Kodak is a household word
  54. 54. • The Colgate story began in late-18th centuryMaryland. In 1798, 15-year-old William Colgate,in an effort to help his family recover fromfinancial troubles, moved to Baltimore and tooka job as a soap maker. He mastered the tradeand at age 18 set out for New York to make hisfortune. In 1806, he set up a starch, soap andcandle business. His original William ColgateCo. evolved into the $9 billion Colgate-PalmoliveCo. we know today
  55. 55. • At 14, Will Keith Kellogg sold brooms for hisfathers broom business. Later, he worked withhis brother, Dr. John Harvey Kellogg, at theBattle Creek Sanitarium. In 1894, John and Willdeveloped a successful cereal flake that theyfirst served to patients at the sanitarium. In1906, John launched his own food company tosell his Toasted Corn Flakes cereal. If all of theKelloggs cereal boxes consumed since 1906were placed side-by-side, they would ring theearth more than 3,000 times.
  56. 56. • In 1886, Atlanta physician and chemist Dr. JohnStith Pemberton develped a nerve tonic called"Pembertons French Wine Cola." A prohibitionlaw persuaded Pemberton to revise his originalformula, substituting sugar instead of wine. Thisnew Coca-Cola was advertised as an idealtemperance drink. The Coca-Cola Co. wasincorporated 1888. In 1886 - about nine drinkswere sold each day. Todays daily sales number450 million.•
  57. 57. • The coffee thats "good to the very last drop"was the brainchild of Joel Owsley Cheek. Cheeksold coffee for a wholesale coffee house inNashville. As the popularity of coffee increasedin the late 1800s, Joel began his quest todevelop a perfect coffee. In 1892, he convincedthe manager of the Maxwell House Hotel toserve his new blended coffee recipe to hisguests. Patrons loved it and the hotel allowedhim to use the Maxwell House name
  58. 58. • Kool-Aid got its start in Hastings, Nebraska. Inthe early 1900s, Edwin Perkins enjoyed studyingchemistry and inventions. His father opened ageneral store and he became fascinated withfood products. He started his own company,Perkins Products, and experimented withmethods to remove the liquid from aconcentrated drink mix called Fruit Smack. Theresulting powder was repackaged under thename "Kool-Ade," and later changed to "Kool-Aid," the name thats so popular today. Morethan 563 million gallons are consumed in a year.
  59. 59. First film
  60. 60. Vaudeville
  61. 61. • How he changed the English language forever.• That good old swindler P. T. Barnum (1810-91) introduced more terms into our language thanany other modern person.• For example:• Jumbo - This was the name of the worlds largest elephant. Now we have jumbo shrimp. (Note:Jumbo was already named when Barnum purchased him from the London Zoo in 1882 for$10,000). However, the fame that Barnum created for the elephant allowed for the term tobecome part of our language.)• Throwing your hat in the ring was coined when a local politician actually threw his hat intoBarnums circus ring after declaring his candidacy.Grandstanding referred to prominent people who would sit in the best stands at the circus to benoticed.• Lets get the show on the road was P. T.s declaration when it was time to load the animals onthe train.• The Greatest Show on Earth - what else would you call a large circus?• Siamese Twins - he made his living showing off freaks (clearly not a politically correct termtoday). He had two called Chang and Eng from (where else?) Siam.• Rain or Shine - by using the famous big top, the show always went on, no matter how bad theweather was.• By the way, the only phrase that he is currently famous for is A sucker is born every minute.Strangely enough, he never said this. It was actually stated by his competitor - a banker namedDavid Hannum, owner of the Cardiff Giant (which later turned out to be a hoax).• As a side note, Humphrey Bogart never said Play it again, Sam. Woody Allen said it in the movieof the same name.• The original circus was called simply the P. T. Barnum Circus. He then merged with hiscompetitor and formed the Barnum & Bailey Circus. When Barnum died, Bailey ran the circus.When Bailey died, the Ringling Brothers bought them out. Thats how we get the incredibly longRingling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus.• Barnum was also a somewhat successful politician, serving several terms as a Connecticut Statelegislator. He is credited as casting the deciding factor in the senate vote for the abolition ofslavery after the Civil War.
  62. 62. Increase in Leisure Time
  63. 63. •Samuel Clemens•Gilded Age
  64. 64. Washington Irving• Legend of SleepyHollow• Rip Van Winkle
  65. 65. James Fenimore Cooper• Last of theMohicans• The Deerslayer
  66. 66. Nathaniel Hawthorne• The Scarlet Letter• The House of SevenGables
  67. 67. Herman Melville• Moby Dick
  68. 68. Henry W. Longfellow• The Song of Hiawatha• Courtship of Miles Standish
  69. 69. Edgar Allan Poe• Invented mystery• Dark poetry withmorals• The Raven– Wife died in Baltimore• The Purloined Letter• The Tell Tale Heart• Cask of Amontillado• Pit and the Pendulum
  70. 70. Walt Whitman• Leaves of Grass– Collection of American poems
  71. 71. Louisa May Alcott• Little Women
  72. 72. Emily Dickinson• American poetess• Seclusion inMassachusetts• 1700 poems, only 7published duringlifetime– Theme: interactionbetween self andworld
  73. 73. Inventors• Thomas Edison
  74. 74. “I have not failed. I’ve justfound 10,000 ways that won’twork.”– Thomas Alva Edison
  75. 75. The Beauty Pageant
  76. 76. •EnemyNo. 1?•Why?WhatCould BeDone?
  77. 77. What Does thisCartoon Implyabout MonetaryPolicy?

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