Turkey2012 fin

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Turkey2012 fin

  1. 1. TURKEY
  2. 2. Where is Turkey?
  3. 3. Turkey  Population 80 Million (17th in the world)  Largest City Istanbul (13.6 million)  Economy: $1 Trillion (17th in the world)  Democracy, Secular, Republic  Founded in 1923  99% Islamic – 1% Christian & Jewish Land Border Total: 2,648 km & Coast Line Total: 7,200 km Border countries: Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 km
  4. 4. How Big is Turkey? Turkey 303,000 sq ft > Texas 268,000 sq ft Texas 37th Biggest Country by size
  5. 5. East & West
  6. 6. People
  7. 7. People
  8. 8. Traditional Clothes
  9. 9. Traditional Clothes
  10. 10. Food
  11. 11. Beaches
  12. 12. Lands
  13. 13. & More
  14. 14. Turkey is a very old land Pot Belly Hill BC 9500 (11,500 yrs ago) Hattians ca. 2500-ca. 2000 BC Alexander the Great 334-ca. 301 BC Akkadian Empire ca. 2400-ca. 2150 BC Seleucid Empire ca. 305-64 BC Assyrian trading colonies ca. 1950-1750 BC Kingdom of Pontus ca. 302-64 BC Hittites ca. 1680 BC-1220 BC Attalids of Pergamon 282-129 BCE Ionian Collusion ca. 1300 BC-700 BC Kingdom of Armenia 190 BC-428 Neo-Hittite Kingdoms ca. 1200-800 BC The Roman Republic 133-27 BC Phrygian Kingdom ca. 1200 BC-700 BC The Roman Empire 27 BC-330 AD Troy I-VIII ca. 3000 BC-700 BC The Byzantine Empire 330-1453 Lydian Kingdom ca. 685-547 BC Ottoman Empire 1299-1922 Achaemenid Persia ca. 559-331 BC The Republic of Turkey 1922-present
  15. 15. Pot Belly Hill (BC 10,000)  Oldest Temple & Monument  Predates Wheel and Pottery  2,000 Year Older than Second (Catalhoyuk also in Turkey)
  16. 16. Different Civilizations
  17. 17. Byzantine Empire (300-1453)
  18. 18. Ottoman Empire (1299-1922)
  19. 19. First Shopping Mall  Kapalicarsi: “Covered Bazaar” 61 Streets, 4,000 Stores (250,000-400,000 Visitors a day)  Started to build 1455, ended 1730
  20. 20. First Money  Money “Coin” Invented in Turkey – Lydians BC 700
  21. 21. First Pastrami  Pastrami originates from Turkish Nomads  Turkish: pastırma, Romanian: pastramă, Yiddish:  The horseback saddles, the meat was placed between the saddle and the horse and pressed by the weight of the riders, “pressing” the meat while it cured. pastróme
  22. 22. First Coffee Shop  Coffee Shop originated in Turkey (1555 first one in Istanbul) (Ethiopia 1500s)  1600s came in France, thanks to the Ottoman Ambassador to Paris
  23. 23. Only City on Two Continents  Istanbul (Settled since BC 5000)  AD 350 – 300,000 , AD 500 – 500,000  1600 – 700,000
  24. 24. Oldest Standing Church  St. Paul was born in Southeast of Turkey, AD 5 – 67  Oldest standing Church in the world, in a cave in Turkey  Cave Church of St. Peter, AD 40. Still active
  25. 25. Hagia Sophia  Largest Dome (Building) for 1000 Years (Built 532-537 AD) until Seville Cathedral was completed in 1520  Changed the history of architecture  Mosques today take their shape from Hagia Sophia  Iconoclastic Wars (700 and 800 twice)
  26. 26. Topkapi Palace  Royal residence for 400 years (1465-1856)  Home to 4,000 people , full of treasures
  27. 27. Is Turkey from Turkey?  First Settlers identified Wild Turkey as Guinea Fowl they knew  They knew Guinea Fowl as Turkey Fowl since it came through Turkey  In Turkey/Catalan/Hebrew (Indian), In Malaysia (Dutch), In Greece (French), In Egypt (Greek Bird)
  28. 28. Invention of Yogurt  Yogurt comes from Turkey  It is 4000 – 5500 years old  High in protein and calcium  Came to the US in 1920  Produced by “ Good” bacteria  The word “yoğmak „ to be curdled or coagulated; to thicken„  How milk was first cultured into yogurt remains a mystery L. Bulgarius
  29. 29. Good Bacteria in Yogurt  We all have bacteria (Stomach and intestines especially)  When you eat yogurt, it encourages the good types of bacteria to multiply in our body.  Good and friendly bacteria also protect our system against harmful microorganisms which cause tummy aches and infection..
  30. 30. The Idea of Vaccines  People did not germs  Few intuitive observant developed      variolation Small pox, made a cut, find out lifelong immunity Lady Mary Wortley Montagu was an English aristocrat who married a diplomat to Istanbul Lost brother to small pox, and lost her own beauty. Got her kids variolated Brought to Royal Family, and became popular in Europe (1718) 1790 Dr. Edward Jenner developed safer method vaccination
  31. 31. Tulip Mania in Europe  Ambassador to Ottoman Empire in 1554  1630s the Dutch Market trading tulips in stock market  Some flowers changed hands 10 times a day  By 1635, a sale of 40 bulbs for 100,000 florins (also known as Dutch guilders) was recorded. By way of comparison, a ton of butter cost around 100 florins, a skilled laborer might earn 150 florins a year  Today‟s Money one bulb can be $300,000  1637 ended
  32. 32. Ataturk: George Washington of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (1881-1938) • Lead the independence war against France/Greece/Britain/Italy • Established democracy • Be the first president and did not want o become king
  33. 33. April 23- International Children‟s Day
  34. 34. Why Children‟s Day? Turkey become a democracy on April 23, 1920 while fighting an Indepence war
  35. 35. What happens on Children‟s Day?  celebrate all over the nation  dance  wear special clothes  draw pictures  Kids take over offices from adults
  36. 36. Video Links Turkey Promotion Video 2011 Flying Over Istanbul Video Discovery Channel Long Documentary Turkey Tourism Clip Turkey Photos With Slide Show Turkey Tanitim Filmi

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