Paragraphs and Transitions ENGL 121 Howard Community College
What is it?A paragraph is a collection of related sentences dealing with a single topic.Purdue University OWL
Paragraphs: Basic RuleKeep One Idea to One ParagraphPurdue University OWL
Elements of a ParagraphUnity: The entire paragraph should concern itself with a single focus.Coherence: Build bridges throughout paragraphA topic sentence: A topic sentence is a sentence that indicates in a general way what idea or thesis the paragraph is going to deal with.Adequate development: next slideTransitions: more laterPurdue University OWL
Adequate Development ofParagraph Use examples and illustrations Cite data (facts, statistics, evidence, details, and others) Examine testimony (what other people say such as quotes and paraphrases) Use an anecdote or story Define terms in the paragraph Compare and contrast Evaluate causes and reasons Examine effects and consequences Analyze the topic Describe the topic Offer a chronology of an event (time segments) Purdue University OWL
When do I start a new paragraph?When you begin a new idea or point.To contrast information or ideas.When your readers need a pause.When you are ending your introduction or starting your conclusion. Purdue University OWL
Don’t try this at home!DanzitionsUrban Dictionary says… “term was coined from The Soups host Joel McHale as a way to describe the awkward transitions on The Tony Danza show”Example: http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=aBqny_xQ0IE
How do transitions help the writer? help you carry over a thought from one sentence to another, from one idea to another, or from one paragraph to another with words or phrases. transitional devices link your sentences and paragraphs together smoothly
How do they help the reader?They are cues that help the reader to interpret ideas in the way that you, as a writer, want them to understand.
You need transitions if…Your instructor has written comments like "choppy," "jumpy," "abrupt," "flow," "need signposts," or "how is this related?" on your papers.Your readers (instructors, friends, or classmates) tell you that they had trouble following your organization or train of thought.You tend to write the way you think—and your brain often jumps from one idea to another pretty quickly.You wrote your paper in several discrete "chunks" and then pasted them together. http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/transitions.html
ExamplesTo Compare/Contrast: To Add: whereas, but, yet, on the and, again, and then, other hand, however, besides, equally nevertheless, on the important, finally, other hand, on the further, furthermore, contrary, by comparison, nor, too, next, lastly, where, compared to, up whats more, moreover, against, balanced against, in addition, first (second, but, although, etc.) conversely, meanwhile, after all, in contrast, although this may be true
ExamplesTo Give an Example: To Show Exception: for example, for instance, yet, still, however, in this case, in another nevertheless, in spite of, case, on this occasion, in despite, of course, once in this situation, take the case a while, sometimes of, to demonstrate, to illustrate, as an illustration, to illustrate
You try!Example 1: Example 2: I have seven pairs of red Going back to college will shoes. I don’t have any be difficult. I have not purple shoes. I do not been in school for over 10 need to buy more shoes. years. I am married with There’s no money in the four children. I will try my bank. best to balance work, family, and school.