Video Editing and Encoding


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Video Editing and Encoding

  1. 1. By Serena Carpenter
  2. 2. Nonlinear Editing <ul><li>Linear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edit sequentially </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nonlinear, nondestructive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edit shots in different orders, while underlying media is untouched (changes never affect the media) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deciding what elements to retain, delete, or combine in a logical manner </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Adobe Premiere Pro $699 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adobe Premiere Elements $99 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final Cut Pro/Studio $999/$1299 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Cut Express $249 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avid NewsCutter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avid Xpress $495 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sony Vegas Pro $585 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vegas Movie Studio $80 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pinnacle Ultimate $130 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pinnacle Studio 11 $50 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Windows Movie Maker (Free) </li></ul><ul><li>iMovie (Free) </li></ul>
  4. 4. vs. <ul><li>$249 vs. $999 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No batch capture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyframe motions, not filters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timecode will not be displayed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No three-way color corrector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No audio/video settings </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Video Editing Basics <ul><li>Never use the same shot twice </li></ul><ul><li>Cut on breath </li></ul><ul><li>Watch out for frames of black </li></ul><ul><li>Audio must coincide with video </li></ul><ul><li>Stick to cuts </li></ul><ul><li>Shots should be related (sequences, cutaways) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WS of room </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MS of person’s body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CU of face </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CU of paper </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shots about :04-:05 with the exception of action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Let action complete </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Lay down audio first! <ul><li>Assembling each shot together or trimming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shot 1, Shot 2, Shot 3, Interview </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Show interview first and then cover with video </li></ul>
  7. 7. You must save video <ul><li>Delete video in camera before shooting </li></ul><ul><li>Save entire Sony AVCHD folder from Sony Handicam to external hard drive </li></ul>
  8. 8. Getting to know FCP <ul><li>Double-click FCP icon on dock to open </li></ul><ul><li>Must SAVE video: </li></ul><ul><li>When editing, set “scratch disks” (4) to save your project to external hard drive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top and bottom 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go to System Settings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to later access Scratch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Save all of your footage from project, .mov, flash export </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bring video into FCP <ul><li>Through camera, connect camera and open FCP > File > Log and Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Via external hard drive, go to log and transfer > select plus sign, select AVC_HD folder </li></ul>
  10. 10. User Interface <ul><li>Browser </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize the Media Project </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Viewer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preview and adjust clips </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canvas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connected to the timeline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Audio Meters </li></ul><ul><li>Tool Palette </li></ul><ul><li>Timeline </li></ul>
  11. 11. Active Window affects your options
  12. 12. Bin <ul><li>Folder that contains your clips and sequences </li></ul><ul><li>File -> New Bin, </li></ul><ul><li>Drag Clips into Bin </li></ul><ul><li>Renaming Clips/Bins </li></ul><ul><li>Changing colors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Control -> Labels </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Viewer <ul><li>Double-click clip to view it in Viewer </li></ul><ul><li>Move yellow Arrow (playhead) </li></ul><ul><li>In = I, Out = O, Space Bar = Play </li></ul>
  14. 14. Canvas and Timeline <ul><li>Canvas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same as Viewer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JKL - Play backward, stop, play forward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space bar - play </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Timeline (Sequence) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Space bar to play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mute and Solo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control Clip Overlay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track Height Sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settings Track </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Bring clip to timeline <ul><li>In the Viewer, Select In (I) and Out (O) points </li></ul><ul><li>Drag the edited clip from the canvas to the timeline, edit it more precisely on timeline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drag clip to edit or use razor blade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To delete a clip, highlight with mouse, select delete </li></ul>
  16. 16. Editing <ul><li>Insert </li></ul><ul><li>Overwrite </li></ul><ul><li>Fit to Fill </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in Gap </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  17. 17. Snapping Tool – Key “N” <ul><li>Here is vid that explains it: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  18. 18. Add different audio or video to clips <ul><li>Highlight clip </li></ul><ul><li>Unlink clip </li></ul><ul><li>Deselect clip </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight and delete unwanted video or audio </li></ul><ul><li>Drag clip and unlink that clip </li></ul><ul><li>Shift, re-highlight and re-link </li></ul>
  19. 19. Make a mistake <ul><li>Undo Default (10), can change to 99 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User Preferences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Save a copy </li></ul>
  20. 20. Editing audio in FCP <ul><li>Be careful of over-modulated audio </li></ul><ul><li>Put nats for a few seconds at the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Fade nats under sound bites </li></ul><ul><li>-12dB for narration and interviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also for primary nats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-42dB for secondary nats </li></ul><ul><li>Select clip overlay tool or mountain </li></ul><ul><li>Raise pink line to lower or raise audio </li></ul><ul><li>Use pen tool to fade audio or tweak loud points </li></ul>
  21. 21. Titles <ul><li>Use Title Safe </li></ul><ul><li>No smaller than 25 pt </li></ul><ul><li>Sans Serif (Arial) </li></ul><ul><li>Pop-up Menu </li></ul><ul><li>Control Tab </li></ul>
  22. 22. Freeze Frame <ul><li>Creates a image from your video </li></ul><ul><li>Place playhead on the timeline to place where you want the video to become a picture </li></ul><ul><li>Go to Modify > Make Freeze Frame and the freeze frame will appear in the Viewer window </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  23. 23. Trouble-shooting - “I don’t see my video!” <ul><li>The most common problem is when you see “ No Communication ” when trying to capture your vid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First, you should “Log and Transfer,” not “Log and Capture,” log and capture is for tapes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second, try restarting your computer and shutting off your camera > turn on the computer and then turn on the camera > open FCP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third, try a different computer </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. “ I see red lines through my clips.” <ul><li>Reconnect Media </li></ul><ul><li>This means that FCP cannot find your video and you may have not saved appropriately & vid may be lost unless edited on your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Try finding it by right-clicking clip and looking for it </li></ul>
  25. 25. “ I can only see part of my video and the rest is black.” <ul><li>Some clips may need rendering </li></ul><ul><li>You need proper RAM to see video in real time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually done with effects such as transition or change clip values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rendering is adding more info to clips </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Usually see a red line above your clip in a sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight clips with red line </li></ul><ul><li>Go to Sequence > Render selection > Both </li></ul>
  26. 26. “ My video is still not playing.” <ul><li>File > New Sequence (your timeline) </li></ul><ul><li>Double-click new sequence in bin </li></ul><ul><li>Go to your other non-playing sequence tab > select all > copy </li></ul><ul><li>Go to your new sequence > paste </li></ul><ul><li>Then try it </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Preparing Video for the Web </li></ul>
  28. 28. Video Search Engine Optimization <ul><li>Raise search rank by adding to text to video and help people find your videos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>climate_matters_video.wmv vs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> or videofile.wmv </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Video hosting sites (e.g., YouTube, Vimeo) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add good, descriptive tags to your videos </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Exporting from FCP <ul><li>Export > Using QuickTime Conversion </li></ul><ul><li>Rename clip to reflect content </li></ul><ul><li>Save as “QuickTime Movie” and “Broadband – High” </li></ul><ul><li>.mov should appear on desktop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right-click to view it or double-click </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Players <ul><li>Flash player - Professional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>98% of the population has a Flash plug-in installed on their computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>59% have a Windows Media Player </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>62% have a QuickTime player </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Copy and paste players, but advertising </li></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vimeo </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Creating a Flash Player <ul><li>In Flash Encoder: </li></ul><ul><li>Open Adobe Flash CS3 Video Encoder </li></ul><ul><li>Drag .mov to Encoder window > Settings > Flash High Quality > Select Size > Crop and Resize (write down the size) > Start Queue </li></ul><ul><li>In Flash: </li></ul><ul><li>File > New Document </li></ul><ul><li>Import video > Continue > Progressive download from a web server > Continue > Select skin and color > Finish </li></ul><ul><li>Control > Test Movie > Produces a .swf </li></ul>
  32. 32. vs. <ul><li>Compared to YouTube , Vimeo is much better in resolution quality. </li></ul><ul><li>Geared toward people who want to post personal videos on their site, not material from tv or dvd. </li></ul><ul><li>Vimeo allows a 500mb upload limit per week, YouTube limits 100mb per video </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, you are limited to 1 HD video upload per week unless you upgrade for $60 per year. It accepts .mov, .avi, and .mpgs </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Vimeo <ul><li>Upload a Video > Choose a file to upload </li></ul><ul><li>Add a title, description sentences and tags > </li></ul><ul><li>You can use tabs on the side to add more elements > </li></ul><ul><li>Click Go to Video > When uploaded, click Embed > </li></ul><ul><li>Click customize at the bottom to chg size, color, and on-screen info </li></ul>
  34. 34. YouTube <ul><li>Select Upload </li></ul><ul><li>Add a description in sentences, tags, category </li></ul><ul><li>Select “Go to my videos” and select image when upload is complete </li></ul><ul><li>To view your account, you can always click on the “You Tube logo” at the top of the page, then click on My Videos under your user name </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>OTHER TIPS NOT DISCUSSED IN CLASS </li></ul>
  36. 36. Creating a Transition in FCP <ul><li>Stick to CUTS, rather than dissolves </li></ul><ul><li>Control click on transition point (between clips) or go to Effects to add video transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Drag transition to change length (Cross Dissolve, Fade In and Fade Out) </li></ul><ul><li>Audio (add transition) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross Fade (+3dB) Volume constant through out fade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross Fade (0dB) Fades first clip out while simultaneously fading in </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Stereo Pair vs Mono Audio <ul><li>Left and right ear locate subtle differences </li></ul><ul><li>For stereo, need to use two microphones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two different mics placed at two different locations to mimic ears </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 channels does not mean you recorded in stereo. If you use only one microphone to record, it is not stereo. It is mono. </li></ul><ul><li>Mono audio takes less space </li></ul>
  38. 38. More Editing Video Tutorials <ul><li>Check out this series if you run into questions </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  39. 39. Resources <ul><li>Final Cut Pro Tutorials </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BBC Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Berkeley Multimedia Reporting and Convergence </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cyndy Green’s VideoJournalism Blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MultiMedia Shooter Blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Angela Grant’s News Videographer Blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edit Foundry </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OR GOOGLE YOUR QUESTION!!! </li></ul>