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By Dr. Serena Carpenter
 IRB Teams Journal feedback Overview assignment
 What is a concept? What is concept explication? What is a hypothesis? What is theory? What is science?
 “Scientific knowledge is a collection ofabstract theoretical statements.”– Reynolds, 1971 Test beliefs through the scie...
 “Sets of hypotheses, which are tested bylogically deriving observable consequencesfrom them.” –Rosenberg – 2001 “Descri...
 Describe Explain Predict Control
 The process of coming to an agreementabout what terms mean.“Clear thinking requires clear language. In turn, a clearlang...
 Scientific terms have fixed and precisemeanings To understand a concept, we mustunderstand:◦ Comparative concepts◦ Cont...
 Abstraction that describes reality throughobservations Disciplined use of words encourages otherscholars to employ same...
 What are the different conceptual meanings assigned tothis term? What are the different operational definitions that ha...
 Involves both logical and empiricalprocedures, which is meaning and empiricalanalysis Continuous refinement and develop...
 Identify concepts Search the literature Examine empirical properties Select or develop a tentative conceptualdefiniti...
 Observation that we chose to consider as areflection of a variable Specifiable aspect of a concept
 Developing rules for inclusion and exclusion
 For what class of entities does this conceptvary?
TelevisionviewingNewsNational Local A.M.EntertainmentSoap operas Crime, detective
 Studying something in multiple ways within asingle study Methodological Data Researcher Theoretical
 List at least 10 variables that will bemeasured in your research. No more than twocan be sociodemographic indicators lik...
 Write a conceptual definition for eachvariable. Whenever possible, this definitionshould come from existing literature.
Concept Explication - Theoretical Issues - Intro to Quantitative
Concept Explication - Theoretical Issues - Intro to Quantitative
Concept Explication - Theoretical Issues - Intro to Quantitative
Concept Explication - Theoretical Issues - Intro to Quantitative
Concept Explication - Theoretical Issues - Intro to Quantitative
Concept Explication - Theoretical Issues - Intro to Quantitative
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Concept Explication - Theoretical Issues - Intro to Quantitative

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Concept Explication - Theoretical Issues - Intro to Quantitative

  1. 1. By Dr. Serena Carpenter
  2. 2.  IRB Teams Journal feedback Overview assignment
  3. 3.  What is a concept? What is concept explication? What is a hypothesis? What is theory? What is science?
  4. 4.  “Scientific knowledge is a collection ofabstract theoretical statements.”– Reynolds, 1971 Test beliefs through the scientific method◦ Test under various conditions
  5. 5.  “Sets of hypotheses, which are tested bylogically deriving observable consequencesfrom them.” –Rosenberg – 2001 “Description of concepts and specification ofthe relationships between or among theseconcepts.” -Baldwin, Perry, & Mofffitt – 2004 “’Good theory’ refers to theory of a kind thatproduces valid scientific knowledge(understanding, prediction). – Miner, 2003
  6. 6.  Describe Explain Predict Control
  7. 7.  The process of coming to an agreementabout what terms mean.“Clear thinking requires clear language. In turn, a clearlanguage requires that its terms be explicitly defined.” –Giovanni Sartori (1984, p.22)
  8. 8.  Scientific terms have fixed and precisemeanings To understand a concept, we mustunderstand:◦ Comparative concepts◦ Context◦ Schools of thought
  9. 9.  Abstraction that describes reality throughobservations Disciplined use of words encourages otherscholars to employ same terminology◦ Meaning analysis/literature review Concepts defined by reading previous studies Variations in term names Obscenity, pornography, erotica
  10. 10.  What are the different conceptual meanings assigned tothis term? What are the different operational definitions that havebeen used? What are the usual names for these operationaldefinitions? Are different names needed to makedifferences in meaning clear? What, considering the intended research purpose, seemto be the most promising definitions of the concept?
  11. 11.  Involves both logical and empiricalprocedures, which is meaning and empiricalanalysis Continuous refinement and development of aconcept Paradox of conceptualization Proper concepts are needed to formulate a goodtheory, but we need a good theory to arrive at properconcepts.
  12. 12.  Identify concepts Search the literature Examine empirical properties Select or develop a tentative conceptualdefinition Define it operationally Data gathering
  13. 13.  Observation that we chose to consider as areflection of a variable Specifiable aspect of a concept
  14. 14.  Developing rules for inclusion and exclusion
  15. 15.  For what class of entities does this conceptvary?
  16. 16. TelevisionviewingNewsNational Local A.M.EntertainmentSoap operas Crime, detective
  17. 17.  Studying something in multiple ways within asingle study Methodological Data Researcher Theoretical
  18. 18.  List at least 10 variables that will bemeasured in your research. No more than twocan be sociodemographic indicators like raceor age. The inclusion of each variable shouldbe justified by theory or prior research.
  19. 19.  Write a conceptual definition for eachvariable. Whenever possible, this definitionshould come from existing literature.

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