A Brief History of Keyboards

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A Brief History of Keyboards

  1. 1. A brief history of keyboardsSylvain Fankhauser, LiipJune 2013
  2. 2. If bikes evolved the same way keyboards did, hereshow youd be doing Bike to Work…
  3. 3. In the 1870s, Christopher Latham Sholes created thefirst typewriter
  4. 4. Its first layout looked like this…
  5. 5. 3 5 7 9 N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z2 4 6 8 . A B C D E F G H I J K L M
  6. 6. It worked, but typewriters had a big flaw…
  7. 7. Jamming
  8. 8. The qwerty layout was created to prevent jams byincreasing the distance between frequent letters
  9. 9. In the 1930s, August Dvorak analyzed this layout
  10. 10. WTF?August Dvorak
  11. 11. He came to the conclusion that qwerty is highlyinefficient
  12. 12. > 7%5 – 7%2 – 5%< 2%32%52%16%
  13. 13. So he created the Dvorak layout, aka DvorakSimplified Keyboard (DSK)
  14. 14. > 7%5 – 7%2 – 5%< 2%70%22%8%
  15. 15. This layout focuses on usage of the home row,hands alternance, and n-grams (mostly bigrams)
  16. 16. The Dvorak layout does not require any specialkeyboard
  17. 17. Today were using a keyboard layout that wasdesigned for mechanical limitations that dontexist anymore
  18. 18. Even on non-mechanical devices
  19. 19. Keyboards are like 1870s bicycles not onlybecause of their layout
  20. 20. Right hand
  21. 21. Right handLeft hand
  22. 22. WTF?
  23. 23. Todays keyboards are designed to overcomelimitations of 1870s typewriters
  24. 24. Ergonomic solutions exist
  25. 25. Theyre still expensive and not easy to find
  26. 26. “Im tired of trying to do something worthwhilefor the human race, they simply dont want tochange”August Dvorak
  27. 27. Thank youMore reading: dvzine.org

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