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TYPES OF HOUSING AND RESIDINTIAL BLOCKS

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TYPES OF HOUSING AND RESIDINTIAL BLOCKS

  1. 1. TYPES OF HOUSING AND RESIDINTIAL BLOCKS ROJ CITY GROUP: JWAN MEDHAT SEPAN HAYRAN RAND FAREED DARISTAN AZIZ
  2. 2. GENERAL TYPES OF HOUSING
  3. 3. Detached Home -It is a free-standing residential building. -Generally found in less dense urban areas the suburbs of cities, and rural areas. -Surrounded by a garden. -Garages can also be found on most lots.
  4. 4. SEMI DETACHED -They consist of pairs of houses built side by side as units. -They share a party wall. -Usually each house's layout is a mirror image of its twin. -This type of housing is a half-way state between terraced and detached houses.
  5. 5. 5 Terraced houses -A row of identical or mirror-image houses. -They share side walls. - The first and last of these houses is called an end terrace.
  6. 6. Apartment The building will also be informed by :  a context analysis at a site and neighbourhood scale.  Factors such site topography, natural features, sun penetration, prevailing wind, access, existing structures on adjacent sites and views will help determine the most appropriate form and massing for an apartment development. There are three key elements to any apartment building:  the overall form of the building  the type of access  the types of unit
  7. 7. ​​​Basic building forms are: The Block The Tower The Courtyard The Block - Wider than it is tall. - The apartments are arranged off a corridor (single, or double- loaded). The Tower - Vertical form - single centralized core -The tower may have a base. -The roof of the podium can be landscaped and used as open space for the apartment residents.​ Courtyard Apartments provides the ‘sides’ open spaces (courtyards). The open spaces are communal and should provide a high quality landscaped environment and outlook.
  8. 8. Building access arrangement Have big influence on the circulation spaces  access is organized vertically (i.e. a shared lift or stair core),  horizontally (i.e. a shared corridor off a core) internal or external  individually (i.e. apartments having their own front door). Individual 'own front door' access -Entered directly from the street, courtyard or private stair. -No communal circulation. -Limited to one or two levels above ground. - enhanced street activity through greater frequency of entrances. - more privacy and individuality.
  9. 9. Vertical shared access  a greater degree of dwelling individuality.  vertical cores can be placed internally or externally.  vertical cores can bring light and air into communal areas.  greater potential for social interaction with neighbors, while limiting the number of apartments to a manageable size.  a mix of apartment types can be achieved.
  10. 10. Horizontal shared access Single-loaded corridor access -The dwellings are accessed off one side only .  overall building depth is less.  the orientation of all apartments is towards a preferred aspect.  external corridors allow for a naturally lit and ventilated corridor  dwellings with cross ventilation if the corridor is external.
  11. 11. Double-loaded corridor access -Apartments are accessed off both sides of the corridor . - The overall building depth is deeper than a singe-loaded arrangement - greater efficiency of circulation space compared to a single loaded corridor. - higher overall density of residential units. -opportunity for more variety in apartment mix due to greater building depth.
  12. 12. ​three key elements to describe an individual apartment type:  number of bedrooms  number of storeys  the number of external walls that have views to the outside (single aspect, double aspect, or corner aspect). Single aspect apartments -Single aspect apartments have three closed sides (except for the entrance). -Good option for hillside housing or undesirable site condition. - uses for a double-loaded corridor building that runs north- south, so that all apartments receive either morning or afternoon sun.
  13. 13. Double aspect apartments -Placing double aspect units side by side is a common form of arrangement. - being able to repeat apartments while also maintaining the maximum amount of external facade. - If the apartment is too deep, natural light to the center can be difficult.
  14. 14. Corner aspect apartments -two sides that are exterior walls. -This type is often used in tower buildings or at the ends of linear buildings. - Dual aspect and increased views, sunlight and daylight.
  15. 15. Small apartment
  16. 16. Low-rise apartment
  17. 17. Mid-rise apartment
  18. 18. Apartment over commercial
  19. 19. High-rise apartment
  20. 20.  There are many types of houses and each one characterized by special character and each one have different function, material and style.and made according to a specific design.  Its better to use more than one type in a housing project.  Detached houses for privacy, luxury, free modification and addition, no management fees…..  apartment blocks for economic, safety, Not responsible for any exterior maintenance or repairs.  Different unit sizes for apartments for different family needs. COCLUSION
  21. 21. • Roj City brings to Dohuk , 1400 apartment Roj city project: Consist of 25 block each block has a 4 flat with high of 15 stories. Apartment area 133 Sqm Apartment area 140Sqm Apartment area 155 Sqm Three types of unit sizes:
  22. 22. Private spaces: Type 3 Public spaces: Central facilities and services Site plan is arranged same as blocks, a central point with radial paths. Sport courts Private spaces: Type 2 Private spaces: Type 1
  23. 23. Block arrangement: Point & corridor Central lobby with vertical circulation Corridors for horizontal circulation for each block Type 1 Type 2
  24. 24. Typical floor plan for type 1 Each corridor block has 4 flats. With 3 different sizes. Vertical circulation Vertical circulation Vertical circulation
  25. 25. Roj City Conclusion • The use of one type of housing blocks (high rise). • Changes after implementation (No parking in basement floors). • Very high density. • Lack of privacy. • Blocks are very close to each other. • Narrow flat corridors.
  26. 26. Example
  27. 27. • Name : Omaxe Height • Type : Residential – Apartment • Developers: Omaxe Constructions Ltd. • Architect : C.P. KUKREJA • Planning Type : Circular • Locations: Vibhuti Khand ,INDIA • Total Building Units : 11 OMAXE HEIGHTS
  28. 28. TOTAL SITE AREA : 28,282 METERE SQUARE 11 BUILDING BLOCK 3 ENTRY/EXIT SITE
  29. 29. SITE PARKING VEHICULAR MOVEMENT PEDESTIAN MOVEMENT MOVEMENTS SITE PLAN blocks
  30. 30. 3 BHK CLUSTER PLAN PLANNING Block arrangement: consist of a central lobby for vertical movement and four blocks radially arranged around the center.
  31. 31.  TENNIS AND BASKETBALL COURT  SWIMMING POOL +KIDS POOL A VIEW OF “SWIMMING POOL” FROM PENT HOUSE SITTING AREA PROVIDED BY SWIMMING POOL AMENITIES
  32. 32. • ONE TYPE OF BUILDING (HIGH RISE) . • DEVELOPMENT IN THE ASPECT OF MODERNISATION BUILDING BLOCKS IN LINEAR GRID FORM. • AMENITIES LIKE SWIMMING POOL , GYM, SPA,PLAYING COURT ,DANCE FLOOR , LOUNGE ETC. • VERY HIGH PRIVACY DUE TO THE SHAPE OF THE BUILDING. • NO NOISING OR NEIGHBOORING CONCERN. • CLEAR SEPERATION FOR CAR AND PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION. CONCLUSION
  33. 33. -MEGAPOLIS is located in Pune. -150-acres - Consists of 73 apartment blocks. - 4 different zones of building types. -comprises 21-storey premium towers and 14-storey luxurious towers. . MEGAPOLIS
  34. 34. SPARKLET SUNWAYSANGRIA SPLENDOUR Public spacesSemi Public spaces
  35. 35. TYPE 1 : SPARKLET -22 blocks arranged linearly around a shared area. -semi public space of water ponds and gardens. -Consists of a central internal core with vertical circulation within it. -4 same sized flats each floor arranged around the core. Semi public space
  36. 36. TYPY 2: SUNWAY Semi public space And services -21 blocks arranged linearly around a shared area. -semi public space of services & amenities. -Consists of a central internal core with vertical circulation within it. -4 different sized flats each floor arranged around the core.
  37. 37. TYPE 3: SPLENDOUR Semi public space And services -21 blocks arranged linearly around a shared area. -semi public space of services & amenities. -Consists of a central internal core with vertical circulation within it. -4 different sized flats each floor arranged around the core.
  38. 38. TYPY 4: SANGRIA - 9 blocks - central point with 3 blocks radially arranged, each block has 2 symmetrical flats, each floor consists of 6 flats. - Each 3 building blocks have a shared open space Semi public space
  39. 39.  There are many types of houses and each one characterized by special character and each one have different function, material and style, and made according to a specific design.  Its better to use more than one type in a housing project according to cultural, economical and other factors  Detached houses for privacy, luxury, free modification and addition, no management fees…..  apartment blocks for economic, safety, Not responsible for any exterior maintenance or repairs.  Different unit sizes for apartments for different family needs.  avoiding corridor system is preferable because it causes noise and lack of privacy. OVERALL COCLUSION

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