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The Basic Rights of Employees


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The Basic Rights of Employees

  1. 1. The Basic Rights of Employees According to DOLE (Department of Labor and Employment)
  2. 2. The Basic Rights of Employees O People can enjoy more the job opportunities in the Philippines when laws on working conditions are strictly followed. O Learn more about your rights and see if your employer is following the rules.
  3. 3. Equal Work Opportunities for All The State shall protect labor, promote full employment, provide equal work opportunity regardless of gender, race, or creed; and regulate employee-employer relations. Image courtesy of
  4. 4. Security of Tenure Every employee shall be assured security of tenure. No employee can be dismissed from work except for a just or authorized cause, and only after due process. Image courtesy of
  5. 5. Work Days and Work Hours Work Day refers to any day during which an employee is regularly required to work. Hours of Work refer to all the time an employee renders actual work, or is required to be on duty or to be at a prescribed workplace. The normal hours of work in a day is 8 hours. This includes breaks or rest period of less than one hour, but excludes meal periods, which shall not be less than one hour. An employee must be paid his or her wages for all hours worked. Image courtesy of
  6. 6. Weekly Rest Day A day-off of 24 consecutive hours after 6 days of work should be scheduled by the employer upon consultation with the workers. Image courtesy of
  7. 7. Wage and Wage-Related Benefits Wage is the amount paid to an employee in exchange for a task, piece of work, or service rendered to an employer. Wage may be fixed for a given period, as when it is computed hourly, daily or monthly. It may also be fixed for a specified task or result. An employer cannot make any deduction from an employee's wage except for insurance premiums with the consent of the employee. Image courtesy of
  8. 8. Payment of Wages Image courtesy of Wages shall be paid in cash, legal tender at or near the place of work. Wages shall be given not less than once every two (2) weeks or twice within a month at intervals not exceeding 16 days.
  9. 9. Employment of Women Night work prohibition unless allowed by the Rules: • in industrial undertakings from 10PM to 6AM • in commercial/non-industrial undertakings from 12MN to 6AM • in agricultural undertakings, at night time unless given not less than 9 consecutive hours of rest Welfare facilities must be installed at the workplace such as seats, separate toilet rooms, lavatories, and dressing rooms. Prohibition against discrimination with respect to pay (i.e. equal pay for work of equal value), promotion, training opportunities, study and scholarship grants. Image courtesy of
  10. 10. Employment of Children Minimum employable age is 15 years. A worker below 15 years of age should be directly under the sole responsibility of parents or guardians; work does not interfere with child's schooling/normal development. No person below 18 years of age can be employed in a hazardous or deleterious undertaking. Image courtesy of
  11. 11. Safe Working Conditions Employers must provide workers with every kind of on-the-job protection against injury, sickness or death through safe and healthful working conditions. Image courtesy of
  12. 12. Right to Self-Organization and Collective Bargaining The right to self-organization is the right of every worker, free of any interference from the employer or from government, to form or join any legitimate worker's organization, association or union of his or her own choice. Except those classified as managerial or confidential employees, all employees may form or join unions for purposes of collective bargaining and other legitimate concerted activities. An employee is eligible for membership in an appropriate union on the first day of his or her employment. Image courtesy of
  13. 13. EC Benefits for Work-Related Contingencies The Employees' Compensation Program is the tax-exempt compensation program for employees and their dependents created under Presidential Decree No. 626 which was implemented in March 1975. The benefits include: • Medical benefits for sickness/injuries • Disability benefits • Rehabilitation benefits • Death and funeral benefits • Pension benefits Image courtesy of
  14. 14. Presentation Brought to You by: If you want to learn more about job opportunities, in demand courses and top universities in the Philippines, just visit Source: Department of Labor and Employment