D. Shanthini SarahResearch Scholar & ASM, Gyan Vani FM & Dr.P.GovindarajuHead - Department of Communication Dean- Faculty of ArtsManonmaniam Sundaranar University,
“Films are all fictional, since the y all represent something by means of signs , rather than presenting what exist in spectators real time and space” Christian Metz Create identity for any social creation Ideological construction Meaningful documents with the potential to yield rich insights into the cultures and times in which they are made Host of cultural idea and values at a hidden or subconscious level
1.5 million Transgender population ‘Hijiras’ , ‘Aravani’ or ‘Thirunangai’ Gender identity crisis Hindu mythologies – Ardhariswara (Shiva & Shakthi), Arjuna(Mahabharata), Mohini (Vishnupurana) Tamilnadu as pioneer in inclusion at various levels Creating conducive environment
How transgender are represented in Tamil Cinema? How does the transgender community receive the images?Hence the study objectives are To analyse the depiction of transgender characters To analyse the identity created for the community through the images To analyse how the transgender identify themselves in the films.
Sex maniacs No morality Ridiculed in comedies Misfit to the society
Semiotic analysisVariables: Character Time and space given for them in the film Significance of the character Their relationship with other characters Shots Costume Music
Reception analysis In-depth Interview Six Transsexuals The group composed of film maker, social activist, writer, actress, etc.
Functionality in the narrative: Screen presence in the film is at least 20 minutes Characters were named (Eg: Karpooram in Vaanam) Significance of the characters in development of the storyDepiction of their relationships: “Guru –chela”- kinship Atleast four films depicted their relationships
Dialogues for social acceptance: Characters voice out their plight Represent the whole communityCarving out cultural identity: The shots of their festival (Thenavettu) Misrepresentation of their rituals (Kaanchana, a song in Thenavettu)
Fashion shows Double meaning dialogues Gaze
Happy and satisfied with their portrayal Gained confidence Kaanchana film has given a poignant dimension to the transgender community which has yielded them respect Social Inclusion became a reality
They felt, if the transgender characters which are played by the male actors are replaced by the transgender the nuances of their role could be met. For example: Some of them felt that Sarath Kumar playing the Kaanchana role was more masculine than being feminine They feel happy on seeing the transgender getting married in Narthaki film, as the transgender crave for marital relationship
Viruthagiri has threatened the community who felt more insecure because the film which has transgender falling as victims of the kidnappings for organs. Though Narthaki captures the life of a transgender, the culture and customs projected are not accurate
Create awareness Stereotypes should be avoided Empathize rather than sympathize Sensitive treatment rather than sensationalizing