Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

116

Share

Coffee Processing Technology

COFFEE HISTORY,MARKETING OVERVIEW,CULTIVATION, PRE HARVESTING METHODS,POST HARVESTING METHODS ,GRADES & VARIETY.

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Coffee Processing Technology

  1. 1. COFFEE PROCESSING (BEAN TO CUP) BY T.SENTHAMIZH SELVAN
  2. 2. HISTORY OF COFFEE
  3. 3. CHIKMAGALUR, -GENESIS OF THE INDIAN COFFEE INDUSTRY.400 YEARS AGO IN BABA BUDAN HILLS. IN 1670 BABA BUDAN SMUGGLED SEVEN COFFEE BEANS FROM YEMEN TO MYSORE AND PLANTED IN CHIKMAGALUR
  4. 4. • Dutch began to grow coffee in the Malabar region. • British led to set up Arabica coffee plantations across the hilly regions in South India. • India is home to 16 unique varieties of coffees that are sourced from 13 distinct coffee growing regions • Coffee growing regions in India are divided into three categories : • 1.Traditional -Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu 2.Non-traditional -Andhra Pradesh and Orissa • 3.Northeastern region -Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh
  5. 5. COFFEE MARKET AN OVERVIEW
  6. 6. MAJOR COFFEE PRODUCING COUNTRIES 1 .Brazil 2.Vietnam 3.Colombia 4 .Indonesia 5 .Ethiopia 6. India 7. Honduras 8. Uganda 9. Mexico 10. Guatemala
  7. 7. MAJOR COFFEE EXPORTING COUNTRIES 1.BRAZIL 2.COLOMBIA 3.VIETNAM 4.GERMANY 5.SWITZERLAND 6.ITALY 7.INDONESIA 8.BELGIUM 9.HONDURAS 10.ETHIOPIA
  8. 8. MAJOR COFFEE IMPORTING COUNTRIES 1.US 2.GERMANY 3.FRANCE 4.ITALY 5.JAPAN 6.CANADA 7.BELGIUM 8.SPAIN 9.UK 10.NETHERLANDS
  9. 9. MAJOR COFFEE CONSUMING COUNTRIES 1 .Finland 2. Norway 3. Netherlands 4. Slovenia 5. Austria 6. Serbia 7. Denmark 8. Germany 9. Belgium 10. Brazil
  10. 10. MAJOR COFFEE EXPORTERS IN THE WORLD • Barbera Coffee Company (Italy) • Coffee Cabana Brazil (Brazil) • Maxwell House (United States) • Miko Coffee (Belgium) • Nestlé (Switzerland) • Neumann Gruppe AG (Germany) • O’Coffee – Brazilian Estates (Brazil) • Ospina Coffee Company (Colombia) • Simexco Daklak Ltd (Vietnam) • Starbucks Corporation (United States)
  11. 11. MAJOR GREEN COFFEE EXPORTERS IN INDIA • 1. NKG JAYANTI COFFEE PVT. LTD. • 2. ALLANASONS LIMITED • 3. I.T.C.LIMITED • 4. AMALGAMATED BEAN COFFEE TRADING CO.LTD., • 5.NED COMMODITIES INDIA PVT. LTD., • 6. TATA COFFEE LTD
  12. 12. PRE HARVEST PROCESSING OF COFFEE
  13. 13. Species, Growing Family - Rubiaceae Genus - Coffea Species - arabica and canephora The principal coffee species grown today in the most important are two: • Arabica and Robusta. • http://www.coffeeresearch.org/agriculture/beandev el.htm
  14. 14. JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC INDIA B B B B B B CROP CALENDER HARVEST PERIOD BEST HARVEST PERIOD - B SHIPPING PERIOD BEST SHIPPING PERIOD = B
  15. 15. ARABICA VS ROBUSTA
  16. 16. ARABICA ROBUSTA Date species first identified 1753 1895 Growing area 1000m to 2500m Upto 600metres Plan type tree Shrubs Time from flower to ripe cherry 9 months 10 - 11 months Flowering after rain irregular Ripe Cherries fall stay Root System deep shallow Pollination self pollinating cross pollination Plant Height 2.5 – 4.5 meters 4.5 – 6 meter
  17. 17. ARABICA ROBUSTA
  18. 18. ARABICA ROBUSTA Optimum Temperature (yearly average) 15-24°C 24-30°C Optimal Rainfall 1500-2000mm 2000-3000mm Growth Optimum 1000-2000m 0-700m Coffee Berry Disease susceptible resistant Caffeine content of beans 0.8-1.4% 1.7-4.0% Shape of Bean flat oval Typical Brew Characteristics acidity bitterness, ful
  19. 19. HARVESTING
  20. 20. HARVESTING • The berries are mature when they are red and soft. • The coffee berries are ready 8 to 9 months after the plant flowers. • Harvest starts during November and harvesting extends up to February. HARVESTING METHODS 1.MANUAL  selective harvesting  Stripping 2.MECHANICAL • Large mechanical harvesters on wheels • light hand-held harvesters.
  21. 21. SELECTIVE HARVESTING STRIPPING M A N U A L H A R V E S T I N G
  22. 22. LARGE HARVESTERS ON WHEELSSingle rod hand-held harvester MECHANICAL HARVESTING METHODS
  23. 23. POST HARVESTING METHODS
  24. 24. After harvesting, three different systems are used for processing: 1.DRY-PROCESSED 2.WET-PROCESSED 3.SEMI-DRYPROCESSED
  25. 25. DRY PROCESSING OF COFFEE
  26. 26. WINNOWING SIFTING DRYING
  27. 27. WET PROCESSING OF COFFEE
  28. 28. PROCESS FLOW CHART
  29. 29. GRADES OF COFFEE
  30. 30. VARIETIES WASHED (WET PROCESSED) UNWASHED (DRY PROCESSED) ARABICA PLANTATION CHERRY ROBUSTA PARCHMENT CHERRY
  31. 31. Major Types And Grades Of Coffee 1.ARABICA COFFEE I. WASHED ARABICA - 'PLANTATION' 1.Plantation PB 2. Plantation A 3. Plantation B 4. Plantation C 5. Plantation Blacks 6. Plantation Bits 7. Plantation Bulk II. UNWASHED ARABICA - 'ARABICA CHERRY' 1. Arabica Cherry PB 2. Arabica Cherry AB 3. Arabica Cherry C 4. Arabica Cherry Blacks/Browns 5. Arabica Cherry Bits 6. Arabica Cherry Bulk
  32. 32. 2. Robusta Coffee I. Washed Robusta 'Robusta Parchment' 1. Robusta Plantation PB 2. Robusta Plantation AB 3. Robusta Plantation C 4. Robusta Plantation Blacks/Browns 5. Robusta Plantation Bits 6. Robusta Plantation Bulk II. Unwashed Robusta 'Robusta Cherry' 1. Robusta Cherry PB 2. Robusta Cherry AB 3. Robusta Cherry C 4. Robusta Cherry Blacks/Browns 5. Robusta Cherry Bits 6. Robusta Cherry Bulk
  33. 33. 3. MONSOONED COFFEES A. Arabica Monsooned Coffee 1. Monsooned Malabar AA 2. Monsooned Basanally 3. Monsooned Arabica Triage B. Robusta Monsooned Coffee 1. Monsooned Robusta 'AA' 2. Monsooned Robusta Triage
  34. 34. 4. INSTANT COFFEE 5. GROUND COFFEE 6. ROASTED SEEDS 7.SPECIALTY COFFEE 1. MONSOONED COFFEE 2. MYSORE NUGGETS EB (EXTRA BOLD) 3. ROBUSTA KAAPI ROYALE
  35. 35. MOISTURE STANDARDS FOR THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF COFFEE A tolerance of +0.5% in moisture continent permitted. Type of coffee Moisture (%) Plantation 10.0* Arabica cherry 10.5* Robusta parchment 10* Robusta cherry 11* Mysore Nuggets EB 09.0-10.5 Robusta kappi royale 09.0-10.5 Monsooned coffee 13.0-14.5
  36. 36. APERTURE SIZE OF TEST SIEVS USED IN COFFEE AND OTHER CORRESPONDING Aperture size (Diameter of round holes in mm) screen no 7.50 19 7.25 BETWEEN 19&18 7.10 18 6.70/ 6.65 17 6.50 BETWEEN 17& 16 6.30 16 6.00 15 5.60/5.50 14 5.00 13
  37. 37. BEAN TO CUP
  38. 38. 1.Coffee seeds to seedlings in the nursery 2.Coffee seeds to seedlings in the nursery 3. Cultivating the adult coffee tree 4. 4.Harvesting the ripe coffee cherry 5. Pulping the coffee beans from the coffee cherry 6.Removing the excess via fermenting & washing
  39. 39. 7.Drying to make parchment coffee 8. Milling the green bean coffee 9.Storing and exporting the green coffee bean TASTING COFFEE
  40. 40. REFERENCES • Coffee: Growing, Processing,Sustainable Production by by Jean Nicolas Wintgens. • COFFEE Recent Developments by R.J. Clarke and O.G. Vitzthum. • http://www.indiacoffee.org/ • http://www.coffeeresearch.org/agriculture/processing. htm • http://equalexchange.coop/products/coffee/steps
  • LeoRoshan1

    Sep. 6, 2021
  • Nadine50

    Sep. 4, 2021
  • MariaMarzan1

    May. 29, 2021
  • AmineElFakir3

    Apr. 3, 2021
  • VidyadharDhamapurkar

    Apr. 1, 2021
  • AyanGhosh61

    Mar. 1, 2021
  • SrinivasuPathakakula1

    Feb. 3, 2021
  • ChandraPrakash428

    Jan. 29, 2021
  • AJAYKUMAR1946

    Jan. 10, 2021
  • NishantJadhav

    Dec. 27, 2020
  • kiflelegesse1

    Nov. 1, 2020
  • generalkiran

    Oct. 31, 2020
  • VamsiLucky3

    Oct. 19, 2020
  • CharlesOtieno17

    Oct. 16, 2020
  • maitrayeelodh

    Sep. 18, 2020
  • reshmabijoy

    Sep. 16, 2020
  • sreelekhathammisetty

    Jul. 30, 2020
  • Heinsithukyaw

    Jul. 9, 2020
  • sureshakhila

    Jun. 18, 2020
  • sumatiKalani1

    Jun. 3, 2020

COFFEE HISTORY,MARKETING OVERVIEW,CULTIVATION, PRE HARVESTING METHODS,POST HARVESTING METHODS ,GRADES & VARIETY.

Views

Total views

36,809

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

10

Actions

Downloads

0

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

116

×