A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea In Spanish, all nouns are either masculine or feminine. Masculine Nouns Feminine Nounsel libro la puertael escritorio la camael colegio la tarea
The idea that nouns have gender seems perfectly natural when the noun stands for a living creature. This is because in English, living creatures often have different names depending on whether they are male or female. Masculine Feminine boy girl grandfather grandmother tiger tigress uncle aunt
Certain nouns that denote living things have both a masculine and feminine form in Spanish. Masculine Feminineel gato---- male cat la gata---- female catel abuelo--- grandfather la abuela--- grandmotherel padre-- father la madre--- motherel chico--- boy la chica--- girl
El gato El abuelo El cuaderno El libro El carro El armario What does “el” mean?
La abuela La puerta La calculadora La ventana La tarea La chica What does “la” mean?
Nouns that end in –o are usually masculine. Nouns that end in –a are usually feminine. Notice the term “usually.” -There are exceptions to these two rules!
You can’t predict the gender of a noun, except in the case of living creatures. The word “Dress” is a masculine word in Spanish--- “el vestido” “Necktie” is a feminine word in Spanish--- “la corbata”
When you learn a new noun, you MUST memorize its definite article (el or la).
Definite Articles Indefinite Articles (the) (a, an, some)el libro - los libros un perro - unos perrosla casa - las casas una pluma – unas plumasel hombre- los hombres un lápiz - unos lápicesla mujer – las mujeres una mesa - unas mesas