Camino de Santiago (Way of Santiago) A ROUTE OF CULTURE From the Tower of “Saint Jacques” (París) – France To The Cathedral of “Santiago de Compostela” – Spain
THE WAY OF SANTIAGO The Way of Santiago was the most important pilgrimage route in medieval Europe. The pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela reached its "golden age" in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries. The Camino de Santiago has been declared "World Heritage" by UNESCO, "European Cultural Itinerary" by the Council of Europe and was also given the honorific title of "Calle Mayor de Europa" (Europe’s Main Street).
ROUTES Four are the routes or ways the pilgrims from different countries in Europe have to go along, when crossing France towards Spain: -Via Turonensis -Via Lemovicensis -Via Podiensis -Via Tolosana
THE TOWER OF “SAINT JACQUES <ul><li>The tower of “Saint Jacques” was the meeting and departure point of the pilgrims taking the “Turonensis Route” to Santiago de Compostela. The style of the belfry is flamboyant Gothic and was erected between 1509 and 1523. </li></ul><ul><li>This tower was built in the 16th century and destroyed in 1797. </li></ul>
Orleans It is the capital of the Loiret Department. It is located on the Loire River banks in the North of Central France.
TOURS The city is closely related to the history of French Christianity as it was a key point in one of the Camino de Santiago routes crossing the French Gaul. Precisely that way which came straight from Paris was named after the town of Tours: The Via Turonensis. The city of Tours first came into history during the Roman Era.
POITIERS <ul><li>The University was founded in 1431, and Poitiers became a major intellectual centre. </li></ul><ul><li>In the town centre, a number of monuments that tell us of its great past, can still be seen. </li></ul>
BURDEOS <ul><li>Bordeaux was an important Roman colony where a Roman amphitheatre of the 3rd century a.d. can still be admired during that period Bordeaux was known as The Little Rome. </li></ul>
RONCESVALLES Its strategic location in the middle of the Pyrenees made it develop as a focal point for travellers crossing the Pyrenees from the very beginning. It is then and there where the first hospital complex for pilgrims was built, at the entrance to the Peninsula along the Navarra Way from France. ROUTE: 760 Km. (From “ Roncesvalles” to “Santiago de Compostela”
ZUBIRI <ul><li>On leaving Roncesvalles to Pamplona, before getting to ZUBIRI, which is 18 km away by road, we can see the gothic " Pilgrims’ Cross " which was moved there in 1880. </li></ul><ul><li>Once in ZUBIRI , that is “Pueblo del Puente” in Spanish. </li></ul><ul><li>The medieval bridge is known as Rabies Bridge, since , </li></ul><ul><li>according to tradition, the relics of Saint Quiteria (which </li></ul><ul><li>are keptin the river pillar) protected all animals that gave </li></ul><ul><li>three turns round the pillar. </li></ul>
PAMPLONA <ul><li>Following the original path between </li></ul><ul><li>forests of beech and always close to the </li></ul><ul><li>River Arga one gets to PAMPLONA. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a short stage with amazing </li></ul><ul><li>landscapes. </li></ul><ul><li>We enter the medieval city of Pamplona </li></ul><ul><li>through the Gate of France. </li></ul>
PUENTE DE LA REINA <ul><li>On reaching PUENTE DE LA REINA, a "crossroads", medieval village where the two main ways of the Camino de Santiago, (French and aragonés) merge. </li></ul><ul><li>It is because of this that is an important milestone for the pilgrims coming from either side and for being one of the most meaningful Compostela enclaves in Navarra and a continuous passage of pilgrims. </li></ul>
On leaving PUENTE DE LA REINA to SANTIAGO OF COMPOSTELA, passing by: ESTELLA LOS ARCOS and we get to
VIANA VIANA which is the last Navarra town in the Jacobean Route, 3.5 kilometers from Logroño. In this historic old town, several medieval buildings stand out.
LOGROÑO <ul><li>It is an important city on the French Way. We enter the city by crossing the river Ebro through a bridge that was built in the 11th century. </li></ul>
Santo Domingo de la Calzada It was linked to the Camino de Santiago from its origin in the 11 th century. In memory of the miracle that occurred in “Santo Domingo de la Calzada”, where a hen crowed after being roasted, a cock and a hen are kept alive in the Cathedral all the year round. They are always white and come from donations from devotees of the Saint. The couples are changed every month.
BURGOS The province of Burgos plays a main role in the layout of the “Camino de Santiago”. Because of its strategic geographical location millions of European pilgrims were compelled to pass through it when, from their countries of origin ,were heading to the tomb of the Apostle Santiago. Along the 114 km that cross its territory,we can enjoy an impressive series of heritage monuments that were declared“Patrimonial Heritage of Mankind”.
MONASTERIO DE SANTO DOMINGO DE SILOS.- It’s located some 60 Kilometres from Burgos. It treasures one of the greatest masterpieces of the Romanesque Art.
<ul><li>We’ll mention: </li></ul><ul><li>CASTROJERIZ </li></ul><ul><li>ITERO DE LA VEGA </li></ul><ul><li>FRÓMISTA </li></ul><ul><li>CARRIÓN DE LOS CONDES </li></ul><ul><li>SAHAGÚN </li></ul><ul><li>EL BURGO RANERO </li></ul><ul><li>MANSILLA DE LAS MULAS </li></ul>And we arrive in LEON
LEÓN <ul><li>Town of Roman origin. It was the capital of an ancient Kingdom with a </li></ul><ul><li>great history. It has the most beautiful Gothic Cathedral in Spain and it </li></ul><ul><li>is one of the focal points of the Camino de Santiago. </li></ul>
ASTORGA <ul><li>The town began on the site of an ancient Pre-Roman fortified “Castro” which </li></ul><ul><li>was named after the Roman Emperor Augustus. </li></ul><ul><li>It has a magnificent location at the confluence of the “Camino de Santiago” and </li></ul><ul><li>the Route of the Silver. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Approaching cross Ponferrada the following towns: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rabanal del Camino”, </li></ul><ul><li>“ Foncenadón”, </li></ul><ul><li>Molinaseca” </li></ul>
The passing of the pilgrimages bound to the tomb of the Apostle meant an increase of urban life in the area, in which an active number of craftsmen and even a small Jewish enclave settled. In the 11 th century the Bishop of Astorga ordered the construction of a bridge with metal reinforcements to facilitate the transit (Pons-Ferrata). In the second half of the 12 th century the Templars developed the fortress, which originally was a Pre-roman Castro and as it was located on one of the hills ,made Ponferrada a stronghold with increasing pilgrimages. PONFERRADA
O CEBREIRO <ul><li>It is the first stage for the pilgrims when </li></ul><ul><li>they arrive in Galicia when coming along </li></ul><ul><li>the French Way. </li></ul><ul><li>When in the midst of the stone setting of </li></ul><ul><li>“ O Cebreiro” time seems to have stopped. </li></ul><ul><li>It was built well before the arrival of the </li></ul><ul><li>Romans, although it is from the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>of the pilgrimages when “O Cebreiro” </li></ul><ul><li>becomes an important enclave of the way. </li></ul><ul><li>There we find several “pallozas” or huts, </li></ul><ul><li>name for ancient homes, prior to the </li></ul><ul><li>Romans and probably of Celtic origin. </li></ul>
SAMOS Samos stands on the shadow of the Monastery of San Julian, one of the largest and most important in the Camino de Santiago in Galicia.
SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA It is located in the Northwest of Spain, in the Celtic and green Galicia the Romans called it “Finis Terrae”, for it being the most western end of the known world at the time. Fantastic and wonderful legends and stories tell us of this city, the Capital of Galicia, where the longest and most interesting medieval roads led to. Santiago is a jewel in Spain, with an old town of great beauty and a long Way that, for centuries, pilgrims and adventurers made on foot.
CATHEDRAL OF SANTIAGO <ul><li>Cathedral of Santiago.- It was begun in the </li></ul><ul><li>hey-days of Santiago, in 1075. </li></ul>
Universidade Sénior A Coruña - Ferrol Isabel Cainzos Teresa Cela Isabel Granullaque Alberto Langtry