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Journalism As A Career


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Journalism As A Career

  1. 1. Journalism as a Career Lecture Two
  2. 2. <ul><li>Nowadays some reporters ,especially those in major TV network may become more famous than many of the men and women they cover .But most never become quite so famous </li></ul><ul><li>Yet they play important roles in their communities and enjoy exciting and rewarding careers </li></ul><ul><li>There is far more hard work than glory involved in being a journalist ,even those who gain some measure of fame and fortune do so because of their talent and hard work </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>In a democracy ,information is vital ,and in information explosion that we witnessing the role of reporting is not only to report the information ,but also to analyze and interpret it to the public </li></ul><ul><li>This is called management of news </li></ul><ul><li>Through mass media the public gain most of the information that has an impact on their daily lives </li></ul><ul><li>That makes journalism a vital factor in the democratic societies </li></ul>
  4. 4. A writer on current Events <ul><li>Journalists are writers who deal mainly with current events . </li></ul><ul><li>As contrasted with other some other types of writers who employ imagination in their search for reader appeal ,reporters must deal with facts </li></ul><ul><li>Their major role is to record what has happened and sometimes to interpret what has happened or might happen </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Occasionally ,reporters give their opinions on events they have reported ,but opinion traditionally is not included in news stories Opinions are expressed on the editorial pages </li></ul><ul><li>The two distinctive functions of journalists are gathering facts –more information than can be used –and composing accurate and interesting stories with that information </li></ul><ul><li>Thus vitality ,motivation ,passion for facts and ability to write is main characteristics for journalists </li></ul>
  6. 6. Newspapers and other media <ul><li>The term ‘journalist ‘ as used above is interchangeable with ‘the newspaper reporting ‘for reporting the news is fundamental to virtually all journalistic occupations </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the rapidly changing technology in the field of electronic communication and data banks and other information storage systems newspapers remain the chief permanent record of current events </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>This doesn’t imply ,however ,that careers in journalism are largely limited to reporting and editing </li></ul><ul><li>Many journalism school graduates find successful and fulfilling careers in newspaper design and production as well as various business functions in advertising and circulation departments of newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Other media offer as many or more journalistic opportunities ,but historically ,newspaper reporting is the grandfather of all modern journalistic careers </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reporting as a doorway to many vocations <ul><li>Experience as a newspaper reporter often is the foundation for a variety of other careers. </li></ul><ul><li>A hurried check of the background of public persons both living and dead will produce an impressive list of former newspaper reporters who became ministers, ambassadors, actors, college professors, and even a president. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The history of Egyptian literature, for example, is laced with names of authors who were former newspaper reporters. </li></ul><ul><li>In their list of former newspaper reporters who become ministers, ambassadors, actors, college professors, and even a president. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The history of Egyptian literature, for example, is laced with names of authors who were former newspaper reporter. </li></ul><ul><li>In their long and illustrious life, Akhbar Elyom and Alahram newspapers were the training ground for poets, novelists, screenwriters, critics and historians. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Intangible Benefits: <ul><li>The common reward for all newspaper men and women is being where the action is. They have a front seat at most public events. </li></ul><ul><li>Even beginning reporters carry with them the influence of the newspaper, and doors are opened that often remain closed to person in other professions. Reporters observe events in the making. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Practical experience develop a reporter's character as perhaps no other schooling can. </li></ul><ul><li>Reporters soon learn that not everyone loves newspapers and that people-often those in high places-will try to use newspapers for their own gain. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>They also learn quickly that not everyone in cooperative and some are hostile, if not violent, when reporters arrive. </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless, the devoted reporter never stops growing as a reporter, a writer and a judge of others. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>And through it all, the serious reporter will develop and maintain a sense of personal and professional integrity. </li></ul><ul><li>But some reporters lack manners, morals and integrity. </li></ul><ul><li>Some, in fact, abuse their rights and morals and integrity. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>But most reporters, like other professionals with jobs to do, develop a code of conduct and personal integrity in keeping with the responsible positions they hold in the community. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Opportunities on newspapers <ul><li>The future of most reporters in not limited, specially who have talents and ambition. </li></ul><ul><li>A talented, self-disciplined ambitions reporter can become a big name news writer whose by-line is readily recognized and respected or columnist or commentator who analyzes current events. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>News writing opportunities are available on many daily and weekly newspaper or with partisan newspaper or with independent newspaper and a variety of other organizations dealing in news. </li></ul><ul><li>Another newspaper career open to the reporter is the field of editing. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>In general, editors supervise the news-gathering activities of reporters, review and copy read their stories, write headlines and plan the design of the pages using their stories, write pictures. </li></ul><ul><li>These responsibilities generally do not include gathering and writing news, but some persons carrying the title of editor may have fewer or more duties than those mentioned here. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>The sciences editor, sports editor, education editor, and other staff members with similar titles are generally be-lined reporters who specialized in one area of journalism, but some of these editors may also edit copy and headlines. </li></ul><ul><li>The editor of a small daily or weekly newspaper usually combines news writing and editing and sometimes is responsible for business management as well. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>The duties of the principle editor of a daily newspaper may be limited to writing editorials, supervising the entire staff and making policy decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>The publisher is the chief officer of the news paper, responsible for its entire operation, business, and mechanical. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Opportunities in other field: <ul><li>Although the editorial departments of newspapers do not like to be considered as training grounds for other professionals, the truth is that some reporters leave after several years of experience to take positions in variety other fields. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Reporting is an valuable introduction to life at many points. </li></ul><ul><li>Because reporters go everywhere and meet hundreds of people, they can make excellent contacts and learn of other opportunities that might be available to them. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Often the skills develop in gathering facts,, interviewing people and writing news will increase a reporter’s chances for success. </li></ul><ul><li>The world of business and public service are well populated with men and women who their start on newspapers. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>But by far most of the reporters leaving newspapers work, find employment in related journalistic areas-press associations; general circulation magazines; trade journals and industrial publication; radio an associations. </li></ul><ul><li>Ad. Is another large field that frequently absorbs individuals with newspaper experience, for journalistic techniques are applied in its various communications efforts. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Finally, the newspaper is a splendid training ground for creative writers. </li></ul><ul><li>Many successful authors and playwrights of yesterday and today acquired their basic training as newspaper writers. </li></ul><ul><li>The varied experience and constant practice in the careful and precise use of the language provide an excellent basis for literary achievement. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Qualifications of reporter <ul><li>What makes a good reporter? There probably are as many answer to that question as there are reports, for few agree completely on what makes a good reporter. </li></ul><ul><li>How, most do acknowledge that, although some persons are better fitted than others to become reporters, it is not true that reporters are born and not made. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Given reasonable intelligence, most of the attributes of a successful reporter are acquired, not inherited. </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps the best qualification for a reporter are curiosity, a flexible, and social personality, a nature that rely on a variety of experiences, work under the pressure of deadlines and a tolerance permitting objective observation, drive, determination and, most certainly, self-discipline. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>The professional journalists need to be a self-operating, productive, caring, supportive, visionary, sensitive confident, responsible, active, distinctive, finally, impelled “ if you wake up writing try a different trade”. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Thanks