Info process ch5_paired_presentation_6_23

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Info process ch5_paired_presentation_6_23

  1. 1. Chapter 5 InformationProcessing<br />Paired Article Presentation/Critique<br />Thursday, June 23, 2011<br />Dr. BinyaoZheng<br />Kathy D. Shields with Sherri Booker<br />Learning Theories<br />
  2. 2. MEMORY<br />“…premised on the belief that memory is a multi-faceted, if not multi-staged, system of connections and representations that encompass a lifetime accumulation of perceptions.”<br />
  3. 3. Purpose – Study Learning<br />Encode<br />Structure<br />Store<br />Retrieve<br />
  4. 4. Research<br />
  5. 5. Stage Theories<br />Discontinuous and multi-staged<br />Three stages, sensory, short and long-term memory<br />Visual ½ second transfer<br />Auditory 3 second transfer<br />Attention<br />Automaticity<br />Holistic versus individual characteristics<br />Short-term 15-30 second unrehearsed<br />Limitations on working memory<br />Encoding is critical<br />Elaboration can transfer from short to long-term<br />
  6. 6. Network Theories<br />“To perceive is to categorize, to conceptualize is to categorize, to learn is to form categories, to make decisions is to categorize.” (Bruner, 1998, pg. 3).<br />Categorizing Memories (pg. 6)<br />Episodic<br />Semantic<br />Declarative<br />Procedural<br />
  7. 7. Non-Linear Memory Theory<br />Levels of Processing <br /><ul><li>Not staged
  8. 8. Simultaneous processing
  9. 9. Characteristics
  10. 10. Meaningfulness
  11. 11. Attention
  12. 12. Depth of Process</li></li></ul><li>Dual Coding-Connectionist<br /><ul><li>Language & Nonverbal(Rumelhart, 1980, pg. 8)
  13. 13. Memory stored throughout the brain
  14. 14. No serial processing
  15. 15. Connections throughout the network</li></li></ul><li>Brain Changes<br /><ul><li>Maturity
  16. 16. Experience
  17. 17. Processing Speed, Efficiency
  18. 18. Modified Connections
  19. 19. New Concepts, Reorganization
  20. 20. Increased Capacity to Solve Problems</li></li></ul><li>Applications<br />Encoding <br />Elaborating<br />Categorizing<br />Comparing<br />Strategy Assimilation over time (pg. 10)<br />Allow for Deep Processing<br />Blooms (pg. 11)<br />“…meaningful learning is reflective, constructive, and self-regulated.” (pg. 14)<br />

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